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The role of verb-transitivity preference in sentence processing by reading disabled adolescents

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The role of verb-transitivity preference in sentence processing by reading disabled adolescents

Constantinescu, Ioana R (2003) The role of verb-transitivity preference in sentence processing by reading disabled adolescents. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

The influence of verb-transitivity preference in sentence processing was investigated in two self-paced reading experiments with normal and reading disabled readers. Experiment 1 compared reading times of Learning Disabled (LD) adolescents diagnosed with reading disabilities with those of normal college students. Experiment 2 compared another group of LD adolescents with reading disabilities with age-matched normal readers. Preferred-transitive (e.g., visit ) and preferred-intransitive (e.g., walked ) verbs were inserted into transitive (e.g., The child visited/walked his dog ) and intransitive (e.g., The child visited/walked with his friends ) syntactic frames. The results from the normal control groups showed an interaction between verb preference and sentence type and a significant difference between verb preferences in transitive frames. The results from the LD groups showed only a significant difference between verb preference in the transitive contexts in Experiment 1 but no difference between verb types in Experiment 2. The pattern of results from the normal readers supports a version of the lexicalist approach in parsing. According to this approach, sentence parsing is primarily determined by the nature of verb-syntactic frames. The pattern of results from the LD groups suggests a tendency for a verb-syntactic deficit in reading disability.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Psychology
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Constantinescu, Ioana R
Pagination:ix, 121 leaves : ill. ; 29 cm.
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Theses (M.A.)
Program:Psychology
Date:2003
Thesis Supervisor(s):de Almeida, Roberto G.
ID Code:2258
Deposited By:Concordia University Libraries
Deposited On:27 Aug 2009 13:26
Last Modified:08 Dec 2010 10:25
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