McGowan, Viola (2011) No One Has a Monopoly Over Sorrow: Representing Trauma and the Everyday in Contemporary Art. Masters thesis, Concordia University.
- Accepted Version
This study aims to situate the contemporary art practices of American sculptor Dario Robleto and Canadian photographers Carlos and Jason Sanchez as explorations of trauma and fragmentation. As such, their artworks are transformed to function as relics and memento mori in order to refer to or negotiate past traumatic events. Examining the artists’ practices through the lens of trauma theory, notions of the fragment and relics, this thesis investigates how they might relate to a larger history of trauma and how the construction of narrative is used to bring self-awareness to the viewer’s sense of mortality and collective experience.
There are three main sections to this critical analysis, all of which employ psychoanalytical theory, socio-political theory, aesthetic theory, material culture theory, as well as theories of photography and sculpture, in order to frame the Sanchez and Robleto artworks as significant interventions from an art historical perspective as well as from a thanatological and anthropological perspective. Within this, notions of testimony, temporality and memory are investigated as they are activated through the sculpture, photography and installation examined in this thesis. The biographies of objects are also underscored in the analysis of the artists’ creations as they illuminate commodity situations, socio-economic structures and psychological perception.
Witnessed in these artworks are elements of everyday situations and everyday objects that erupt with the imprint of trauma. While engaging with concepts of reenactment, Robleto and the Sanchez brothers approach commemoration in a way that is simultaneously romantic and unsettling, revealing conflicts between social structures and material intervention.
|Divisions:||Concordia University > Faculty of Fine Arts > Art History|
|Item Type:||Thesis (Masters)|
|Thesis Supervisor(s):||Sloan, Johanne|
|Keywords:||Contemporary Art, Sculpture, Photography, Installation, Trauma, Object Theory, Psychoanalysis, Memory, Thanatology|
|Deposited By:||VIOLA MC GOWAN|
|Deposited On:||17 Nov 2011 20:55|
|Last Modified:||17 Nov 2011 20:55|
Bal, Mieke. “Narrative Inside Out: Louise Bourgeois’ Spider as Theoretical Object.” Oxford Art Journal. Vol. 22, No. 2 (1999): 103-126.
Brown, Bill. “Thing Theory.” Critical Inquiry 28, no. 1 (Autumn 2001): 1-22.
Didi-Huberman, Georges. “The Index of the Absent Wound: Monograph on a Stain.” translated by Thomas Repensek. MIT Press. October Vol. 29 (Summer, 1984): 63-81.
Fédida, Pierre. “The Relic and the Work of Mourning.” Journal of Visual Culture vol. 2, no.1 (2003): 62-68.
Krauss, Rosalind. “Sculpture in the Expanded Field.” October vol. 8 (Spring 1979): 30-40.
Pike, Martha. “In Memory Of: Artifacts Relating to Mourning in Nineteenth Century America.” American Journal of Culture vol. 3 no. 4 (Winter 1980): 642–659.
Civil War Reenactment HQ. “Reenacting for Beginners.” Web site. http://www.reenactmenthq.com/beginners.asp (accessed June 13, 2011).
CNN Wire Staff. “U.S. Replaces Color-coded Terror Alerts.” CNN Web site. http://edition.cnn.com/2011/TRAVEL/01/27/terror.threats/ (accessed June 12, 2011).
Cramer, Guy and Lt. Col. Timothy R. O’Neill, Ph.D. “The Science of Digital Camouflage Design: Recent digital developments.” Hyper Stealth. Web site. http://www.hyperstealth.com/digital-design/index.htm (accessed June 14, 2011).
Gibbs, Ronald MD. “A Brief History of the Health Support Uses of Silver.” Scientific Information on Colloidal Silver. Web site. http://www.silver-colloids.com/Pubs/history-silver.html (accessed June 24, 2011).
Healing Resources. “Emotional and Psychological Trauma: Causes and Effects, Symptoms and Treatment.” Web site. http://healingresources.info/emotional_trauma_overview.htm#3 (accessed August 11, 2011).
Help Guide. “Healing Emotional and Psychological Trauma.” Web site. http://helpguide.org/mental/emotional_psychological_trauma.htm (accessed August 11, 2011).
Hoptman, Laura. “Introduction to the Exhibition: Floor 2.” Unmonumental: Going to Pieces in the 21st Century. New Museum Web site. Mp3 file (2008). http://www.newmuseum.org/exhibitions/4 (accessed March 2, 2011).
Leleu, Nathalie. “The Model of Vladimir Tatlin’s Monument to the Third International: Reconstruction as an Instrument of Research and States of Knowledge.” Tate Papers, Online Research Journal. Tate Web site. (Autumn 2007). http://www.tate.org.uk/research/tateresearch/tatepapers/07autumn/leleu.htm (accessed June 15, 2011).
Wikipedia. “JonBenét Ramsey.” Wikipedia Web site. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JonBenét_Ramsey (accessed June 25, 2011).
Books and Other Non-periodical Publications:
Appadurai, Arjun. “Introduction: Commodities and the Politics of Value.” The Social Life of Things, edited by A. Appadurai, 3-63. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.
Baer, Ulrich. Spectral Evidence: The Photography of Trauma. Cambridge Massachusetts: MIT Press. 2002.
Barthes, Roland. “The Photographic Message.” Image, Music, Text / Roland Barthes, essays selected and translated by Stephen Heath, 15-31. New York: Hill and Wang, c. 1977.
Benjamin, Walter. “The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction.” Illuminations, edited by Hannah Arendt, 217-251. New York: Schocken Books, 1936.
Blocker, Jane. Seeing Witness: Visuality and the Ethics of Testimony. Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press, 2009.
Bourdieu, Pierre. “The Field of Cultural Production, or: The Economic World Reversed.” The Field of Cultural Production, 30-73. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993.
Boym, Svetlana. Architecture of the Off-Modern. Temple Hoyne Buell Center for the Study of American Architecture. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2008.
Boym, Svetlana. The Future of Nostalgia. New York: Basic Books, 2001.
Burke, Peter. “History of Events and the Revival of Narrative.” New Perspectives on Historical Writing, 2nd edition, edited by Peter Burke, 233-248. Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2001.
Burton, Johanna and Anne Ellegood. The Uncertainty of Objects and Ideas: Recent Sculpture. Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden. Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 2007.
Collins, Judith. Sculpture Today. London: Phaidon Press Limited, 2007.
Dika, Vera. Recycled Culture in Contemporary Art and Film: The Uses of Nostalgia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Dunbar, Elizabeth. Dario Robleto: Alloy of Love, edited by Ian Berry, The Frances Young Tang Teaching Museum and Art Gallery at Skidmore College New York, Frye Art Museum Seattle. Washington: University of Washington Press, 2008.
Flood, Richard, Laura J. Hoptman, and Massimiliano Gioni. COLLAGE: The Unmonumental Picture, edited by Lisa Phillips. New Museum. London: Merrell, 2007. Exhibition catalog.
Genette, Gérard. Essays in Aesthetics, translated by Dorrit Cohn. London: University of Nebraska Press, 1999.
Gibbons, Joan. Contemporary Art and Memory: Images of Recollection and Remembrance. London: I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd, 2007.
Levi, Giovanni. “On Microhistory.” New Perspectives on Historical Writing, 2nd edition, edited by Peter Burke, 97-119. Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2001.
Massumi, Brian. The Politics of Everyday Fear, edited by Brian Massumi. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993.
Molesworth, Helen. “Duchamp: By Hand, Even.” Part Object Part Sculpture, 178-201. Columbus, Ohio: Wexner Centre for the Arts, The Ohio State University; University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2005.
Moure, Gloria. Marcel Duchamp: Works, Writing and Interviews. Barcelona: Ediciones Polígrafa, 2009.
Parkinson, Gavin. The Duchamp Book. London: Tate Publishing, 2008.
Phelan, Peggy. “Haunted Stages: Performance and the Photographic Effect.” Haunted: Contemporary Photography/Video/Performance, edited by Jennifer Blessing and Nat Trotman. New York: The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, 2010.
Saltzman, Lisa and Eric Rosenberg. Trauma and Visuality in Modernity, edited by Lisa Saltzman and Eric Rosenberg. Dartmouth: University Press of New England, 2006.
Schimmel, Paul and Thomas Crow. Robert Rauschenberg: Combines, organized by Paul Schimmel, 1st edition. Los Angeles: Museum of Contemporary Art, Steidl, 2005. Exhibition catalog.
Somzé, Catherine and Johanna Lehan, Carlos and Jason Sanchez: The Moment of Rupture, translated by Nate Lunceford and Claire-Marie Thiry. Montreal: UMA La maison de l’image et de la photographie; Toronto: Christopher Cutts Gallery; Amsterdam: Torch Gallery, 2007.
Tronzo, William. The Fragment: An Incomplete History, edited by William Tronzo. Getty Research Institute. Los Angeles: Getty Publications, 2009.
Unmonumental: The Object in the 21st Century. New Museum. London, UK: Phaidon Press Limited, 2007. Exhibition catalog.
Repository Staff Only: item control page
Downloads per month over past year