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A decision tree method for building energy demand modeling

Title:

A decision tree method for building energy demand modeling

Yu, Zhun and Haghighat, Fariborz and Fung, Benjamin C.M. and Yoshino, Hiroshi (2010) A decision tree method for building energy demand modeling. Energy and Buildings, 42 (10). pp. 1637-1646. ISSN 03787788

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2010.04.006

Abstract

This paper reports the development of a building energy demand predictive model based on the decision tree method. The developed model estimates the building energy performance indexes in a rapid and easy way. This method is appropriate to classify and predict categorical variables: its competitive advantage over other widely used modeling techniques, such as regression method and ANN method, lies in the ability to generate accurate predictive models with interpretable flowchart-like tree structures that enable users to quickly extract useful information. To demonstrate its applicability, the method is applied to estimate residential building energy performance indexes by modeling building energy use intensity (EUI) levels (either high or low). The results demonstrate that the use of decision tree method can classify and predict building energy demand levels accurately (93% for training data and 92% for test data), identify and rank significant factors of building EUI automatically. The method can provide the combination of significant factors as well as the threshold values that will lead to high building energy performance. Moreover, the average EUI value of data records in each classified data subsets can be used for reference when performing prediction. The outcomes of this methodology could benefit architects, building designers and owners greatly in the building design and operation stage. One crucial benefit is improving building energy performance and reducing energy consumption. Another advantage of this methodology is that it can be utilized by users without requiring much computation knowledge.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Engineering and Computer Science > Concordia Institute for Information Systems Engineering
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Yu, Zhun and Haghighat, Fariborz and Fung, Benjamin C.M. and Yoshino, Hiroshi
Journal or Publication:Energy and Buildings
Date:2010
Keywords:Energy consumption, modeling, decision tree, classification analysis
ID Code:36252
Deposited By:DAVID MACAULAY
Deposited On:22 Dec 2011 13:58
Last Modified:22 Dec 2011 14:04
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