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Active Site Studies of Arogenate Dehydrogenase & the Purification of its Substrate

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Active Site Studies of Arogenate Dehydrogenase & the Purification of its Substrate

Rachel, Natalie (2011) Active Site Studies of Arogenate Dehydrogenase & the Purification of its Substrate. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

Arogenate dehydrogenase (AD) from the cyanobacterium Synechocystsis sp. PCC6803 is one enzyme within the family of TyrA proteins dedicated to the biosynthesis of L-tyrosine (L-Tyr) and catalyzes the NADP+-dependant oxidative decarboxylation of L-arogenate to L-Tyr. To circumvent some of the difficulties in obtaining L-arogenate using current methodology, we developed an improved methodology to synthesize L-arogenate enzymatically using the recently annotated prephenate aminotransferase from Petunia hybrida. L-arogenate was then purified from major contaminants by high performance liquid chromatography. Guided by sequence alignments and the crystal structure of AD, residues were targeted for the first mutagenesis experiments on this enzyme; the variant proteins were characterized by kinetic, biophysical and computational methods. We identified that His112, a highly conserved residue, is the catalytic hydrogen bond acceptor and is critical for enzyme function, whereas electrostatic interactions afforded by Asp171 appear critical for the overall stability of the enzyme. Both Arg213 and Arg217, a highly conserved residue, appear to play a role in enzyme function, which contradicts the conclusion inferred from the crystal structure. His170, was also identified to be an important active site residue, and likely maintains His112 in a catalytically competent conformation via hydrogen bonding. Ser178, His179, T117 and Gly221 were all also found to be important for enzyme function. Even though the exact roles of these residues require further clarification, our studies have provided valuable insight into how arogenate dehydrogenase functions.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Chemistry and Biochemistry
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Rachel, Natalie
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M. Sc.
Program:Chemistry
Date:01 December 2011
Thesis Supervisor(s):Turnbull, Joanne
ID Code:36275
Deposited By:NATALIE RACHEL
Deposited On:20 Jun 2012 11:34
Last Modified:01 Dec 2013 01:38
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