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Simulation of 3-D viscous compressible flow in multistage turbomachinery by finite element methods

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Simulation of 3-D viscous compressible flow in multistage turbomachinery by finite element methods

Sleiman, Mohamad (1999) Simulation of 3-D viscous compressible flow in multistage turbomachinery by finite element methods. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

The flow in a multistage turbomachinery blade row is compressible, viscous, and unsteady. Complex flow features such as boundary layers, wake migration from upstream blade rows, shocks, tip leakage jets, and vortices interact together as the flow convects through the stages. These interactions contribute significantly to the aerodynamic losses of the system and degrade the performance of the machine. The unsteadiness also leads to blade vibration and a shortening of its life. It is therefore difficult to optimize the design of a blade row, whether aerodynamically or structurally, in isolation, without accounting for the effects of the upstream and downstream rows. The effects of axial spacing, blade count, clocking (relative position of follow-up rotors with respect to wakes shed by upstream ones), and levels of unsteadiness may have a significance on performance and durability. In this Thesis, finite element formulations for the simulation of multistage turbomachinery are presented in terms of the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations for three-dimensional steady or unsteady, viscous, compressible, turbulent flows. Three methodologies are presented and compared. First, a steady multistage analysis using a a-mixing-plane model has been implemented and has been validated against engine data. For axial machines, it has been found that the mixing plane simulation methods match very well the experimental data. However, the results for a centrifugal stage, consisting of an impeller followed by a vane diffuser of equal pitch, show flagrant inconsistency with engine performance data, indicating that the mixing plane method has been found to be inappropriate for centrifugal machines. Following these findings, a more complete unsteady multistage model has been devised for a configuration with equal number of rotor and stator blades (equal pitches). Non-matching grids are used at the rotor-stator interface and an implicit interpolation procedure devised to ensure continuity of fluxes across. This permits the rotor and stator equations to be solved in a fully-coupled manner, allowing larger time steps in attaining a time-periodic solution. This equal pitch approach has been validated on the complex geometry of a centrifugal stage. Finally, for a stage configuration with unequal pitches, the time-inclined method, developed by Giles (1991) for 2-D viscous compressible flow, has been extended to 3-D and formulated in terms of the physical solution vector U, rather than Q, a non-physical one. The method has been evaluated for unsteady flow through a rotor blade passage of the power turbine of a turboprop.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Engineering and Computer Science > Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Sleiman, Mohamad
Pagination:xvi, 160 leaves : ill. ; 29 cm.
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Theses (Ph.D.)
Program:Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
Date:1999
Thesis Supervisor(s):Habashi, Wagdi G.
ID Code:696
Deposited By:Concordia University Libraries
Deposited On:27 Aug 2009 13:13
Last Modified:08 Dec 2010 10:16
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