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Do infections with parasites and exposure to pollution affect susceptibility to predation in johnny darters (Etheostoma nigrum)?

Title:

Do infections with parasites and exposure to pollution affect susceptibility to predation in johnny darters (Etheostoma nigrum)?

Krause, Rachel J. and Grant, James W.A. and McLaughlin, J. Daniel and Marcogliese, David J. (2010) Do infections with parasites and exposure to pollution affect susceptibility to predation in johnny darters (Etheostoma nigrum)? Canadian Journal of Zoology, 88 (12). pp. 1218-1225. ISSN 0008-4301

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/Z10-089

Abstract

Johnny darters (Etheostoma nigrum Rafinesque, 1820) were collected from five localities in the St. Lawrence River in southwestern Quebec to test the effects of natural parasite infections and exposure in situ to pollution on their antipredator behaviour. Three measures of antipredator behaviour were made: (1) capture time (i.e., the time taken to catch individual fish) was used as a proxy for the ability to evade predation, (2) capture order was the order in which fish kept in a single tank were taken from the tank, and (3) flight initiation distance was the distance at which the fish moved when approached by a model predator. Only capture time showed a significant correlation with parasitism or pollution status. A nonparametric permutational multivariate ANOVA showed that capture time was significantly correlated with capture location and the abundance of the brain-encysting trematode Ornithodiplostomum Dubois, 1936. Infection with Ornithodiplostomum sp. may have led to an increase in activity, which would be maladaptive for this cryptic, benthic fish under natural predation conditions. Pollution may have an indirect effect on predator susceptibility in johnny darters, by reducing the abundance of a behaviour-modifying parasite.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Biology
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Krause, Rachel J. and Grant, James W.A. and McLaughlin, J. Daniel and Marcogliese, David J.
Journal or Publication:Canadian Journal of Zoology
Date:2010
ID Code:7067
Deposited By:DANIELLE DENNIE
Deposited On:01 Feb 2011 14:43
Last Modified:01 Feb 2011 14:43
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