Aftonomos, Anthony T (2005) The stream of time irresistible : Byzantine civilization in the modern popular imagination. PhD thesis, Concordia University.
NR04068.pdf - Accepted Version
Spanning a 1,123 year period between Late Antiquity and the Italian Renaissance, the Byzantine Empire was the legitimate continuation of the imperium Romanum . Although the main defender of Christianity against the encroachments of Islam in the 8 th - and 9 th -centuries and the bulwark of Western Europe until 1204, knowledge of Byzantine civilization among the general educated public remains vague, prompting the historian John Julius Norwich to refer to a "conspiracy of silence" regarding the teaching of Byzantine history in university curricula. The reasons why the memory of Byzantine civilization has not remained prominent in the popular imagination are complex involving historical, cultural and religious factors. Hellenistic culture, and Roman legal and bureaucratic traditions within the framework of Christianity formed the unique character of Eastern Roman society. One peculiar aspect of the Byzantine religious, mystical world conceptualization which has confounded commentators since the Middle Ages is here termed as non-standard gender practices. Without an understanding of how integral these practices were to the order and functioning of the society, it is impossible to approximate an accurate rendering of Byzantine civilization. In Byzantium, these non-standard gender practices refer specifically to the influence of castrated males or eunuchs, and high-status women in governance and public life. Since Antiquity female presence in society was believed to exert an enervating effect on masculine vigor. With Christianity certain gendered states, sexual behaviors and practices came to be viewed as vitiated with a female anima, and this anima was cast by non-Byzantine chroniclers onto the whole of Byzantine civilization. Much of our current understanding of Byzantine civilization comes from works researched since the late 18 th -century European Enlightenment. Enlightenment intellectuals carried largely antithetical of views of clericalism and held the religiosity of the Byzantines in low regard. With the development of historiography as an academic discipline in the 19 th - and 20 th -centuries, historians have developed a more thorough understanding of Byzantine religious mysticism. This study finds that while the centrality of religion in Byzantine society is now better understood, the subject of non-standard gender practices remains problematic for scholars and colors the perception of Byzantium in the modern popular imagination.
|Divisions:||Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Humanities: Interdisciplinary Studies|
Concordia University > School of Graduate Studies > Humanities: Interdisciplinary Studies
|Item Type:||Thesis (PhD)|
|Authors:||Aftonomos, Anthony T|
|Pagination:||xv, 324 leaves : ill. ; 29 cm.|
|Degree Name:||Ph. D.|
|Program:||School of Graduate Studies|
|Thesis Supervisor(s):||Jans, Jim E|
|Deposited By:||Concordia University Libraries|
|Deposited On:||18 Aug 2011 18:19|
|Last Modified:||05 Nov 2016 00:05|
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