Breadcrumb

 
 

Variable h-epenthesis in the interlanguage of francophone ESL learners

Title:

Variable h-epenthesis in the interlanguage of francophone ESL learners

John, Paul (2006) Variable h-epenthesis in the interlanguage of francophone ESL learners. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

[img]
Preview
PDF - Accepted Version
5Mb

Abstract

This thesis investigates variable h-epenthesis by francophones in English (e.g., "I hurt my [h]ankle" vs. "my _ankle"). Speech samples from 15 francophones were analyzed via the statistical program GoldVarb. Since epenthetic segments are by definition absent from (and hence unfaithful to) input, h-epenthesis hypothetically results from the high ranking in interlanguage (IL) of the markedness constraint ONSET, which is commonly associated with consonant epenthesis. The finding of greater h-epenthesis in more formal speech, however, contradicts this analysis given that, cross-linguistically, the more formal the speech, the higher ranked the faithfulness constraints (Oostendorp, 1997). The solution lies in an output-output faithfulness constraint adapted from Bradley (to appear): MAX-OO-[h] ("An output [h] in native speaker (NS) English has an output correspondent in francophone IL output"). In this form of output-output correspondence, the output is generated not from the speaker's own input, as is usual, but from the prestige-variety NS output that the learner tries to duplicate, particularly in more formal contexts. Francophones strive to emulate NS output due to two realizations: they realize (1) that, given their pervasive h-deletion, a discrepancy exists between their own and NS output; and (2) that this discrepancy stems from the unreliability of their input forms, which lack underlying h due to francophones' (at least initial) inability to construct a phonemic representation for this non-native segment (Brown, 1997, 1998). Hypercorrect h-epenthesis is then generated because, rather than accurate NS output forms, speakers access an overly permissive output generalization

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Education
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:John, Paul
Pagination:xi, 131 leaves : ill. ; 29 cm.
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A.
Program:Education
Date:2006
Thesis Supervisor(s):Cardoso, Walcir
ID Code:8780
Deposited By:Concordia University Libraries
Deposited On:18 Aug 2011 14:35
Last Modified:18 Aug 2011 15:11
Related URLs:
All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved. The use of items is governed by Spectrum's terms of access.

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...

Concordia University - Footer