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Low power design of motion compensation module for MPEG-4 video transcoder in DCT-domain

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Low power design of motion compensation module for MPEG-4 video transcoder in DCT-domain

Cheung, Wan Hoi (2006) Low power design of motion compensation module for MPEG-4 video transcoder in DCT-domain. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

For the 21 st century, the Internet has matured into the de facto data transport platform that analog media such as videotape, film, and broadcast will be supplanted by a digital media infrastructure. This digital infrastructure will allow data to be transferred between any two computing machines on the planet in a heterogeneous network environment. In the case where data is transmitted from the SONET network to PSTN network, dynamic bit-rate adaptation/reduction at the gateways is then required due to the transmission media has a lower capacity than the capacity required by the bitstream. There are many different approaches to this problem of bit rate conversion. A robust scheme is to implement a transcoder module to perform dynamic adjustments of bit rate of the coded video bitstream to the desired transmission rate. The emphasis in this thesis is on the study of the transcoder's Motion Compensation module of MPEG-4 compressed video stream in the DCT domain on both algorithmic and implementation level. For the algorithmic level of Motion Compensation in DCT-domain (MC-DCT) design, the 3-2-1 partial information scheme is integrated into the DCT Coefficient Translation and Truncation Transformation Matrix (DCTTTM)-based algorithm with two bit precision on the element of DCT-Constant Matrix (DCT-CM) to process the MC-DCT operation. For the VHDL hardware-level design, data-dependent signal processing has been applied to the MC-DCT module to reduce power consumption via various manoeuvres such as zero bypassing, custom handling of internal bandwidth, the implementation of multiplication-free module, the 3-2 Wallace tree propagation-delay-free addition map and the logic-based addition module. Keywords . MPEG-4, Motion Compensation, transcoder, drift error correction, discrete cosine transform (DCT) domain, requantization, data-dependent logic, low power

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Engineering and Computer Science > Electrical and Computer Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Cheung, Wan Hoi
Pagination:xiii, 78 leaves : ill. ; 29 cm.
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A. Sc.
Program:Electrical and Computer Engineering
Date:2006
Thesis Supervisor(s):Al-Khalili, Asim J
ID Code:9075
Deposited By:Concordia University Libraries
Deposited On:18 Aug 2011 14:44
Last Modified:18 Aug 2011 14:54
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