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The Effects of Weather on Walking Rates in Nine Cities

Title:

The Effects of Weather on Walking Rates in Nine Cities

de Montigny, L. and Ling, R. and Zacharias, John (2011) The Effects of Weather on Walking Rates in Nine Cities. Environment and Behavior . ISSN 0013-9165

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0013916511409033

Abstract

This study examined whether locally felt weather had a measurable effect on the amount of walking occurring in a given locale, by examining the observed walking rate in relation to: air temperature, sunlight and precipitation. Web-based cameras in nine cities were used to collect 6255 observations over 7 months. Walking volumes, and levels of precipitation and sunlight were captured by visual inspection; air temperature was obtained from local meteorological stations. A quasi-Poisson regression model to test the relationship between counts of pedestrians and weather conditions, revealed that all three weather variables had significant associations with fluctuations in volumes of pedestrians, when controlling for city and elapsed time. A 5-degree Celsius increase in temperature was associated with a 14% increase in pedestrians. A shift from snow to dry conditions was associated with an increase of 23%, and a 5% increase in sunlit area was associated with a 2% increase.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Geography, Planning and Environment
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:de Montigny, L. and Ling, R. and Zacharias, John
Journal or Publication:Environment and Behavior
Date:20 May 2011
Keywords:Walking rate, weather, microclimate, spatial behavior, pedestrians, public open space
ID Code:974469
Deposited By:DAVID MACAULAY
Deposited On:16 Jul 2012 11:39
Last Modified:14 May 2013 09:50
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