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Temporal Development of Scour Holes around Submerged Stream Deflectors

Title:

Temporal Development of Scour Holes around Submerged Stream Deflectors

Rodrigue-Gervais, Karen, Biron, Pascale M. and Lapointe, Michel F. (2011) Temporal Development of Scour Holes around Submerged Stream Deflectors. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 137 (7). pp. 781-785. ISSN 0733-9429

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)HY.1943-7900.00003...

Abstract

Although the deflector structures used in many fish habitat rehabilitation schemes are frequently overtopped, few studies have examined the scour patterns created around submerged models. Furthermore, laboratory studies typically test smooth-surfaced structures, when those installed in
natural rivers are generally made of logs or boulders. This study uses rough-surfaced, paired deflectors to investigate the temporal evolution of scour for three overtopping ratios in identical approach flow conditions in a flume. Results show that when maintaining identical discharge,
raising deflector height and thus reducing the overtopping ratio (flow depth / structure height), an increased depth and volume of scour is generated next to the structures. The location of maximum depth and the rate of scouring with time is similar for the two highest deflectors (overtopping ratios of 1.22 and 1.83), but different for the lowest deflector model (overtopping ratio of 3.67). In order to improve the success rate of river restoration projects using in-stream structures, the overtopping ratio should be used in equations that predict scour depth evolution
with time.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Geography, Planning and Environment
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Rodrigue-Gervais, Karen and Biron, Pascale M. and Lapointe, Michel F.
Journal or Publication:Journal of Hydraulic Engineering
Date:2011
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.1061/(ASCE)HY.1943-7900.0000353
Keywords:spur dykes, groynes, abutment, overtopping, river restoration, fish habitat, pool
ID Code:975086
Deposited By: DAVID MACAULAY
Deposited On:07 Jan 2013 20:59
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:39
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