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Climate engineering and the risk of rapid climate change

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Climate engineering and the risk of rapid climate change

Ross, Andrew and Matthews, H. Damon (2009) Climate engineering and the risk of rapid climate change. Environmental Research Letters, 4 (4). 045103. ISSN 1748-9326

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/4/4/045103

Abstract

Recent research has highlighted risks associated with the use of climate engineering as a method of stabilizing global temperatures, including the possibility of rapid climate warming in the case of abrupt removal of engineered radiative forcing. In this study, we have used a simple climate model to estimate the likely range of temperature changes associated with implementation and removal of climate engineering. In the absence of climate engineering, maximum annual rates of warming ranged from 0.015 to 0.07 °C/year, depending on the model's climate sensitivity. Climate engineering resulted in much higher rates of warming, with the temperature change in the year following the removal of climate engineering ranging from 0.13 to 0.76 °C. High rates of temperature change were sustained for two decades following the removal of climate engineering; rates of change of 0.5 (0.3,0.1) °C/decade were exceeded over a 20 year period with 15% (75%, 100%) likelihood. Many ecosystems could be negatively affected by these rates of temperature change; our results suggest that climate engineering in the absence of deep emissions cuts could arguably constitute increased risk of dangerous anthropogenic interference in the climate system under the criteria laid out in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Geography, Planning and Environment
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Ross, Andrew and Matthews, H. Damon
Journal or Publication:Environmental Research Letters
Date:2009
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.1088/1748-9326/4/4/045103
Keywords:geoengineering, climate engineering, rapid climate change, dangerous anthropogenic interference
ID Code:975100
Deposited By: DAVID MACAULAY
Deposited On:09 Jan 2013 15:52
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:39
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