Login | Register

Discovery of new enzymes for degrading wood extractives and bleaching

Title:

Discovery of new enzymes for degrading wood extractives and bleaching

Nguyen, David T. T (2007) Discovery of new enzymes for degrading wood extractives and bleaching. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

[img]
Preview
Text (application/pdf)
MR28876.pdf - Accepted Version
3MB

Abstract

This thesis focuses on discovering new enzymes for applications in the control of extractives in pulp and paper manufacturing and high efficiency biobleaching. The goal was to better understand the potential of soybean lipoxygenase for removal of detrimental pulp extractives from thermomechanical pulp (TMP). Lipoxygenase treatment at both a 1% and 12% pulp consistency resulted in a 15% reduction in total extractives. The enzyme showed a high specificity towards lipophilic fractions primarily consisting of fatty acids and their esters. Several extractive compounds such as resin acids and lignans inhibited lipoxygenase-catalyzed reactions with fatty acids. In proving the concept of lipoxygenase for extractives degradation, a 96-well UV microplate assay was developed to screen enzymes from fungal species with high reduction oxidases. A second contribution from this thesis was to determine the potential of accessory enzymes in pulp bleaching. A commercial lipase, lipase A "Amano" 12® was used since it exhibited high levels of accessory enzymes. Enzymatic treatment of hardwood and softwood kraft pulps resulted in a notable reduction of kappa number and hexenuronic acid contents. Two enzyme fractions containing high accessory enzyme activities were obtained. There fractions exhibited high bleaching efficiency and a high selectivity as was demonstrated which led to a notable reduction in the amount of sugar released compared to present enzyme bleaching with the commercial xylanase produced by Iogen.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Biology
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Nguyen, David T. T
Pagination:x, 79 leaves : ill. ; 29 cm.
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M. Sc.
Program:Biology
Date:2007
Thesis Supervisor(s):Tsang, Adrian
ID Code:975246
Deposited By: Concordia University Library
Deposited On:22 Jan 2013 16:04
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:39
Related URLs:
All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved. The use of items is governed by Spectrum's terms of access.

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads per month over past year

Back to top Back to top