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A systematic review of instructional interventions to improve school completion: mapping the evidence

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A systematic review of instructional interventions to improve school completion: mapping the evidence

Wozney, Lori Mae (2009) A systematic review of instructional interventions to improve school completion: mapping the evidence. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

This review of research on dropout prevention programs in Canada between 1990 and 2006 was conducted with the goal of increasing awareness and knowledge of (a) current research on high school dropout prevention and intervention in Canada; (b) instructional design and implementation of successful programs; (c) context-related factors that moderate program effectiveness and (d) selecting and/or designing programs that take into consideration current research evidence. The identification of studies to be used in this review was conducted through a comprehensive search of publicly available literature (i.e., research databases, contacting researchers and program administrators, contacting local and provincial education agencies, etc.). Of the 240 documents retrieved 38 met all of the inclusion criteria. An additional 30 studies from outside of Canada were also analyzed. Underreporting and missing data presented significant challenges in terms of analyzing instructional practices and impacts. Results showed that the most frequent type of dropout prevention programs were pull-out support, specialized courses and workshops or alternative schools. Most programs incorporated multiple forms of support (i.e., combinations of health services, life-skills, career preparation, academic support, cultural/spiritual enrichment, etc.). Instructional strategies varied across findings with the most common being tutoring, work-based learning and mentoring. Almost three quarters of the findings presented evidence of positive program outcomes with another 13% reporting strong positive program impacts. Future research might focus on linking outcome impacts (e.g., enrolment status/dropout rates) with the program performance context to look beyond ''the learner" as the site of dropout prevention. Application for stakeholders and practitioners includes, among others, recommendations for revisiting existing practices and policies to determine if mainstream classroom practices support the school/work connection and redefining instruction using best-practices in teaching to accommodate self-direction, flexibility in course delivery and responsiveness to the needs of at-risk learners.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Education
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Wozney, Lori Mae
Pagination:ix, 161 leaves : ill. ; 29 cm.
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Program:Educational Technology
Date:2009
Thesis Supervisor(s):Abrami, P
ID Code:976262
Deposited By: Concordia University Library
Deposited On:22 Jan 2013 16:22
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:42
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