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Probabilistic modeling of wavelet coefficients for processing of image and video signals

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Probabilistic modeling of wavelet coefficients for processing of image and video signals

Rahman, S. M. Mahbubur (2009) Probabilistic modeling of wavelet coefficients for processing of image and video signals. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

Statistical estimation and detection techniques are widely used in signal processing including wavelet-based image and video processing. The probability density function (PDF) of the wavelet coefficients of image and video signals plays a key role in the development of techniques for such a processing. Due to the fixed number of parameters, the conventional PDFs for the estimators and detectors usually ignore higher-order moments. Consequently, estimators and detectors designed using such PDFs do not provide a satisfactory performance. This thesis is concerned with first developing a probabilistic model that is capable of incorporating an appropriate number of parameters that depend on higher-order moments of the wavelet coefficients. This model is then used as the prior to propose certain estimation and detection techniques for denoising and watermarking of image and video signals. Towards developing the probabilistic model, the Gauss-Hermite series expansion is chosen, since the wavelet coefficients have non-compact support and their empirical density function shows a resemblance to the standard Gaussian function. A modification is introduced in the series expansion so that only a finite number of terms can be used for modeling the wavelet coefficients with rendering the resulting PDF to become negative. The parameters of the resulting PDF, called the modified Gauss-Hermite (NIGH) PDF, are evaluated in terms of the higher-order sample-moments. It is shown that the MGH PDF fits the empirical density function better than the existing PDFs that use a limited number of parameters do. The proposed MGH PDF is used as the prior of image and video signals in designing maximum a posteriori and minimum mean squared error-based estimators for denoising of image and video signals and log-likelihood ratio-based detector for watermarking of image signals. The performance of the estimation and detection techniques are then evaluated in terms of the commonly used metrics. It is shown through extensive experimentations that the estimation and detection techniques developed utilizing the proposed MGH PDF perform substantially better than those that utilize the conventional PDFs. These results confirm that the superior fit of the MGH PDF to the empirical density function resulting from the flexibility of the MGH PDF in choosing the number of parameters, which are functions of higher-order moments of data, leads to the better performance. Thus, the proposed MGH PDF should play a significant role in wavelet-based image and video signal processing

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Electrical and Computer Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Rahman, S. M. Mahbubur
Pagination:xxv, 202 leaves : ill. ; 29 cm.
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Program:Electrical and Computer Engineering
Date:2009
Thesis Supervisor(s):Ahmad, M. O and Swamy, M. N. S
ID Code:976389
Deposited By: Concordia University Library
Deposited On:22 Jan 2013 16:24
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:42
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