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Quinquennial Terror: Machiavelli’s Understanding of the Political Sublime

Title:

Quinquennial Terror: Machiavelli’s Understanding of the Political Sublime

King, Ed (2013) Quinquennial Terror: Machiavelli’s Understanding of the Political Sublime. Open Journal of Political Science, 03 (02). pp. 69-75. ISSN 2164-0505

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojps.2013.32010

Abstract

This paper argues that far from advocating fear of violence as a continuous source of civic provocation Machiavelli’s ideal ruler employs an aesthetic approach to civic violence; one that actually harms few citizens and moderates their fear with admiration through carefully considered psychological imperatives similar to those articulated two hundred years later in theories of the sublime. Such violence as there was would occur half a decade at a time in between which the citizens and the patria would enjoy stability, wealth and honor. It had a proven Medici provenance, having been developed through Cosimo de Medici’s intuitive genius for governance and was maintained by Piero and Lorenzo the Magnificent. The insight was empirically confirmed by Niccolò’s observations of similarly intuitive political savants; namely Cesare Borgia and Julius II. It was not given a technical title by Machiavelli, who unhelpfully re-ferred to it as crudeltà bene usate (cruelty well used) but we might call it “the politics of the sublime”. Despite its most dramatic (and consequentially disproportionate) evocation in the Prince, Machiavelli’s reliance on the political sublime waned throughout his literary career, until he rejected it in a stunning cri-tique of Cosimo’s reign in the Florentine Histories.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Political Science
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:King, Ed
Journal or Publication:Open Journal of Political Science
Date:April 2013
Funders:
  • Concordia Open Access Author Fund
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.4236/ojps.2013.32010
Keywords:Machiavelli; Aesthetics; Sublime; Violence; Historical of Public Policy; Medici, Florence
ID Code:977535
Deposited By: DAVID MACAULAY
Deposited On:19 Aug 2013 18:13
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:44
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