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Deficits in latent inhibition induced by estradiol replacement are ameliorated by haloperidol treatment

Title:

Deficits in latent inhibition induced by estradiol replacement are ameliorated by haloperidol treatment

Almey, Anne, Hafez, Nada M., Hantson, Arne and Brake, Wayne G. (2013) Deficits in latent inhibition induced by estradiol replacement are ameliorated by haloperidol treatment. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 7 (136). ISSN 1662-5153

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2013.00136

Abstract

There are sex differences in the symptomatology of schizophrenia, and in the response to antipsychotic treatments. One hallmark symptom of schizophrenia is a deficit in selective attention. Selective attention can be measured using a latent inhibition (LI) paradigm in humans; LI can be measured in rodents, and is used as an animal model of the selective attention deficits observed in schizophrenia. In the current experiments LI was used to clarify whether selective attention differs between male rats and ovariectomized (OVX) female rats receiving different estradiol (E2) replacement regimens. An additional aim was to determine whether haloperidol’s (HAL) facilitation of LI is enhanced by E2. Males and OVX female rats were trained in a conditioned emotional response LI paradigm. Females received no E2 replacement, a chronic low dose of E2 via silastic capsule, or a high phasic dose of E2 via silastic capsule accompanied by E2 (10 µg/kg subcutaneous (SC)) injections every 4th day. Actual plasma levels of E2 were determined using an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Rats were also administered a vehicle treatment, a 0.05 mg/kg, or a 0.1 mg/kg IP injection of HAL. Males and OVX females that did not receive E2 replacement both exhibited LI, but LI was not observed in the low and high E2 replacement groups. HAL restored LI at a lower dose in the females receiving high E2 replacement compared to females receiving low E2 replacement, indicating that E2 replacement facilitates HAL in restoring LI.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Psychology
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Almey, Anne and Hafez, Nada M. and Hantson, Arne and Brake, Wayne G.
Journal or Publication:Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Date:1 October 2013
Funders:
  • Concordia Open Access Author Fund
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.3389/fnbeh.2013.00136
Keywords:estrogen, typical antipsychotic, selective attention, plasma estradiol, schizophrenia
ID Code:977966
Deposited By: DAVID MACAULAY
Deposited On:25 Oct 2013 14:41
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:45
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