Login | Register




Kordestani, Ario (2010) RIDE VIBRATION AND COMPACTION DYNAMICS OF VIBRATORY SOIL COMPACTORS. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

This is the latest version of this item.

Text (application/pdf)
Available under License Spectrum Terms of Access.


This study explores the ride dynamics of typical North-American vibratory soil compactors via analytical and experimental methods. In-plane ride dynamic models of the vehicle are formulated to evaluate ride vibration responses of the vehicle in the transit mode on undeformable terrain surfaces with the roller vibrator off. An in-plane dynamic model is also formulated to study the compaction mode dynamics at lower speeds on elasto-plastic soil subject to roller induced vibration. Field measurements were conducted to characterize the ride vibration environments during the two modes of operations.
The ride dynamic models of the soil compactor are thus analyzed to study its whole-body vibration environment while operating on undeformable random terrain surfaces. The modeling of the equipment in compaction mode of operation, however, gives insight over the efficiency of the compactor as a tool aimed to perform compaction of soil layers by plastic deformation (compression). The ride vibration environment of the vehicle and its compaction capability is subsequently assessed using the ISO-2631-1 (1997) guidelines and commonly accepted compaction criteria, respectively. The validity of the proposed model is demonstrated by comparing the model responses with the measured data. Comprehensive parametric analyses were subsequently performed to study the influences of variations in various design and operating parameters on the ride quality and the compaction efficiency of the mobile equipment. The results of the study are utilized to propose desirable design and operating parameters of the vibratory soil compactor for enhancement of its ride vibration environment and compaction performance.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Kordestani, Ario
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A. Sc.
Program:Mechanical Engineering
Date:23 April 2010
Thesis Supervisor(s):Rakheja, Subhash and Marcotte, Pierre
ID Code:978082
Deposited On:30 Nov 2015 13:43
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:46


EN 2002/44/EC. (2002, 06 25). Directive 2002/44/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 June 2002. L 177 (13) . Official Journal of the European Communities.
ISO 8608. (1995). Mechanical Vibration - Road Surface Profiles - Reporting of Data. Standard, ISO, TC108/SC2, Geneva.
Adam, D., & Kopf, F. (2000). Sophisticated Compaction Technologies and Continuous Compaction Control. European Workshop Compaction of Soils and Granular Materials, (pp. 207-220). Paris.
Adam, D., & Kopf, F. (2000). Theoretical Analysis of Dynamically Loaded Soils. European Workshop Compaction of Soils and Granular Materials, (pp. 3-16). Paris.
Akanda, A. (1999). Effect of moisture content & clay fraction on the cyclic behavior of soil during compaction. MS Thesis, University of Oklahoma, CEES, Norman.
Akesson, F. (2008). Dynapac Compaction Analyzer and Optimizer. Texas, USA: Dynapac.
Allen, G. (1978). Part II: A critical look at biodynamic modelling in relation to specifications for human tolerance of vibration and shock. AGARD Conference Proceedings, (pp. A25:5-15). Paris.
Andereg, R. (2000). ACE Ammann Compaction Expert-Automatic Control of the Compaction. Le Compactage des Sols et des Materiaux granulaires, (pp. 229-236). Paris.
Anderegg, R. (2008). Intelligent Compaction... GPS-based Compaction Control. TPF ICS initial-TWG meeting .
Anderegg, R., & Kaufmann, K. (2004). Intelligent Compaction with Vibratory Rollers: Feedback Control Systems in Automatic Compaction and Compaction Control. Transportation Research Record (1868), 124–134.
Anderegg, R., & Wehrli, C. (1995). Optimization of Vibratory Soil Compactors and Measurement of Compaction. Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule, Zurich.
Anderegg, R., von Felten, D. A., & Kaufmann, K. (2006). Compaction Monitoring Using Intelligent Soil Compactors. GeoCongress 2006: Geotechnical Engineering in the Information Technology Age, (pp. 1-6). Atlanta.
Bartlett, N., & Brown, D. (1995, June). Self-levelling suspension for streetwise tractor. Design Engineering , pp. 33-34.
Beck, L., Bloswick, D., & Sesek, R. (2004). Health Effects of Vibrating Equipment - A Comparative Analysis of a Caterpillar CS-433B Vibratory Compactor. 2nd Annual Regional National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA) Young / New Investigators Symposium. Salt Lake City.
Bekker, M. (1969). Introduction to Terrain-Vehicle Systems. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.
Bernard, B. (1997). Musculoskeletal disorders and workplace factors. Cincinnati: National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health.
Bertrand, L., Brzezinski, J., & Rocques, P. (1994). Dynamic simulation of vibratory soil compactor. Mécanique Industrielle et Matériaux , 47 (2), 318-319.
Best, A. (1984). Vehicle ride-stages in comprehension. (15), 205-210.
Bogdanoff, J., Kozin, F., & Cote, L. (1966). Atlas of Off-Road Ground Roughness P.S.D.'s and Report on Data Acquisition Technique. U.S. Army , Tank Automotive Center, Warren, MI.
Boileau, P., Emile, P., & Rakheja, S. (1990). Vibration attenuation performance of suspension seats for off-road forestry vehicles. Int J of Industrial Ergonomics (5), 275-291.
Bongers, P. M., Boshuizen, H. C., Hulshof, C. T., & Koemeester, A. P. (1988). Back disorders in crane operators exposed to whole-body vibration. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health (60), 129-137.
Boulanger, P., Donati, P., & Galmiche, J. (1996). L’Environnement Vibratoire aux Postes de Conduite des Mini-Engins de Chantier. Cahiers de Notes Documentaires , pp. 33-38.
Bovenzi, M., & Hulshof, C. (1998). An updated review of epidemiologic studies on the relationship between exposure to whole-body vibration and low back pain. Journal of Sound and Vibration , 215 (4), 595-611.
Bovenzi, M., Rui, F., Negro, C., D’Agostini, F., Angotzi, G., Bianchi, S., et al. (2006). An epidemiological study of low back pain in professional drivers. Journal of Sound and Vibration , 298, 514-539.
Briaud, J.-L., & Seo, J. (2003). Intelligent Compaction: An Overview and Research Needs. Texas A&M University. College Station: Texas A&M University.
BS 6841. (1987). British Standard Guide to measurement and evaluation of human exposure to whole body mechanical vibration and repeated shock. British Standards Institution.
Cann, A., Salmoni, A., Vi, P., & Eger, T. (2003). An Exploratory Study of Whole-Body Vibration Exposure and Dose While Operating Heavy Equipment in the Construction Industry. Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene , 18 (12), 999–1005.
Cao, D., Rakheja, S., & Su, C.-Y. (2008). Heavy vehicle pitch dynamics and suspension tuning, Part I: unconnected suspension. Vehicle System Dynamics , 46 (10), 931-953.
Cashin, E. (2007). Taking the Shakes Out of Construction Trucks. ANSYS Advantage , I (4), pp. 10-11.
CIMA. (1994). vibratory roller handbook. handbook, CPMTC & BAEB.
Claar II, P. W., Buchele, W. F., & Sheth, P. N. (1980). Off-Road Vehicle Ride: Review of Concepts and Design Evaluation with Computer Simulation. In S. Technical (Ed.), International Off-Highway Meeting and Exposition MECCA. Milwaukee: SAE.
Claar, P. W., Sheth, P. N., Buchele, W. F., & Marley, S. J. (1980). Agricultural tractor chassis suspension system for improved ride comfort. SAE Preprints . SAE.
Corcoran, P., & Fernandez, F. (2001). Patent No. 6,188,942. USA.
Crolla, D. A. (1980). Vehicle System Dynamics: International Journal of Vehicle Mechanics and Mobility , Volume 9 (Issue 5), 237 – 260.
Crolla, D. A., & MacLaurin, E. B. (1985). Theoretical and practical aspects of the ride dynamics of off-road vehicles—Part 1. Journal of Terramechanics , 22, 17–25.
Dale, A. K. (1978). The theoretical prediction of tractor ride vibration. Inst. of Measurement and Control Symposium "Dynamic analysis of vehicle ride and manoeuvring". London.
Daniere, P., Robinet, D., Sueur, J., Boulanger, P., Donati, P., Galmiche, J., et al. (1987). L'environnement acoustique et vibratoire aux postes de conduite des engins de terrassement. Cahiers de Notes Documentaires , pp. 63-73.
Delclos, A., Vandanjon, P.-O., Peyret, F., & Gautier, M. (2001). Estimating the degree of compaction of asphalt using proprioceptive sensor and dynamic model. International Symposium on Automation in Road Construction. Krakow.
Domenighetti, D. (1985). Patent No. 4,655,636. USA.
Donati, P. (2002). Survey of technical preventive measures to reduce whole-body vibration effects when designing mobile machinery. Journal of Sound and Vibration , 253 (1), 169-183.
Dupuis, H., & Zerlett, G. (1987). Whole-body vibration and disorders of the spine. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health (59), 323-336.
Dynapac. (2000). Compaction and paving, theory and practice. Dynapac Publication.
Els, P. (2005). The applicability of ride comfort standards to off-road vehicles. Journal of Terramechanics , 42 (1), 47-64.
Erdmann, P., Adam, D., & Kopf, F. (2006). Finite element analyzes of dynamic compaction techniques and integrated control methods. In Schweiger (Ed.), Numerical Methods in Geotechnical Engineering: Sixth European Conference on Numerical Methods in Geotechnical Engineering (pp. 197-203). Graz: Taylor & Francis Group.
Farzaneh, O. (1983). Compactage par vibration des materiaux granulaires, Étude sur le comportement de l'ensemble sol-rouleau vibrant. Paris: Laboratoire Central des Ponts et Chaussées.
Floss, R., & Kloubert, H. J. (2000). Newest Developments in Compaction Technology. European Workshop on Compaction of Soils and Granular Materials, (pp. 247-261). Paris.
Griffin, M. J. (1990). Handbook of human vibration. London: Academic Press.
Griffin, M., Howarth, H., Pitts, P., Fischer, S., Kaulbars, U., Donati, P., et al. (2006). Guide to good practice on whole-body vibration: non-binding guide to good practice for implementing Directive 2002/44/EC on the minimum health and safety requirements regarding the exposure of workers to the risks arising from physical agents (vibrations). Brussels: European Commission.
Guillo, E., Gautier, M., & Boyer, F. (1999). Dynamic Modelling and Simulation of a Compactor. 14th IFAC World Congress. Beijing.
Guillo, E., Gautier, M., & Froumentin, M. (1999). Dynamic modelling and identification of a compactor. International Symposium on Automation in Road Construction. Madrid.
Hansson, P.-A. (1996). Rear axle suspension with controlled damping on agricultural tractors. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture , 15, 123–147.
Hansson, P.-A. (2002). Working Space Requirement for an Agricultural Tractor Axle Suspension. Biosystems Engineering , 81 (1), 57-71.
Hohl, G. (1984). Ride comfort of off-road vehicles. Proceedings of the 8th international conference of the ISTVS. 1, pp. 413-432. Cambridge: International Society for Terrain Vehicle Systems.
IEC 61260. (1995). Electroacoustics- Octave-band and Fractional-Octave-Band Filters. IEC 61260 . Geneva, Switzerland: International Electrotechnical Commission.
ISO 10326-1. (1992). Mechanical vibration -- Laboratory method for evaluating vehicle seat vibration -- Part 1: Basic. Geneva: ISO.
ISO 2631-1. (1997). Mechanical vibration and shock – Evaluation of human exposure to whole-body vibration-Part 1: General requirements. Geneva: ISO.
ISO 8811. (2000). Earth-moving machinery -- Rollers and land-fill compactors -- Terminology and commercial specifications. ISO Standards . Geneva: ISO.
ISO. (1982). Reporting Vehicle Road Surface Irregularities. ISO, TC108/SC2, Geneva.
Kabré, H. (1991). Contribution à l'étude du comportement au compactage des matériaux granulaires pour assises de chaussées. PhD Thesis, Université de Nantes, Formation doctorale Génie Civil, Nantes.
Kittusamy, N. (2003). A checklist for evaluating cab design of construction equipment. Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene , 18 (10), 721-723.
Kittusamy, N. K., & Buchholzb, B. (2004). Whole-body vibration and postural stress among operators of construction equipment: A literature review. Journal of Safety Research (35), 255-261.
Kloubert, H. J. (2004, January 11-15). Bomag IC System. TRB annual meeting . Washington D.C., Washington D.C., USA.
Krober, W., Floss, R., & Wallrath, W. (2001). Dynamic Soil Stiffness as Quality Criterion for Soil Compaction. 4th Int. Symposium "Technik und Technologie des Verkehrswegebaus" Bauma 2001, (pp. 51-62). Munich.
Laib, L. (1995). Analysis of the vibration-excitation effect caused by deformable soil surfaces. Journal of Terramechanics , 32 (3), 151-163.
Lay, M. G. (2009). Handbook of Road Technology (4th ed.). Routledge.
Lehtonen, T. J., & Juhala, M. (2005). Predicting the ride behaviour of a suspended agricultural tractor. Int. J. Vehicle Systems Modelling and Testing , 1 (1/2/3), 131-142.
Lehtonen, T. (2005). Validation of an agricultural tractor MBS model. International Journal of Heavy Vehicle Systems , 12 (1), 16-27.
Lemaire, C. E., Vandanjon, P. O., & Gautier, M. (2005). Dynamic Modelling of a Vibratory Asphalt Compactor and Estimation of Contact Forces Wrench. 16th International Federation of Automatic Control World Congress. Prague.
Lemaire, C.-E., Vandanjon, P.-O., & Gautier, M. (2003). Dynamic identification of a compactor using splines data processing. System Identification. Rotterdam.
Lemaire, C.-E., Vandanjon, P.-O., Gautier, M., & Lemaire, C. (2006 ). Dynamic identification of a vibratory asphalt compactor for contact efforts estimation. IFAC Symposium Modelling, Identification and Signal Processing (SYSID 2006) Identification and System Parameter Estimation. Newcastle.
Lemaire, C.-E., Vandanjon, P.-O., Gautier, M., & Peyret, F. (2002). Motion planning taking into account the dynamic model of vehicles : application to the compactor. ISARC 2002: 19th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction, (pp. 223-228). Gaithersburg.
Lowell Beck, D. S. (2004). Health effects of vibrating equipment - a comparative analysis of a Caterpillar CS-433B vibratory compactor. National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA) . Salt Lake City.
Ma, X., Rakheja, S., & Su, C.-Y. (2008). Damping requirement of a suspension seat subject to low frequency vehicle vibration and shock. Int. J. Vehicle Design , 47 (1/2/3/4), 133–156.
Mooney, M. A., Gorman, P. B., & Gonzalez, J. N. (2005). Vibration-based Health Monitoring of Earth Structures. Structural Health Monitoring , 4 (2), 137–152.
Mooney, M., & Rinehart, R. (2007). Field Monitoring of Roller Vibration during Compaction of Subgrade Soil. Journal of Geotechnical Geoenvironmental Engineering (133(3)), 257–265.
Paddan, G. S., & Griffin, M. J. (2002). Evaluation of whole-body vibration in vehicles. Journal of Sound and Vibration , 253 (1), 195-213.
Paddan, G., & Griffin, M. (2002). Effect of seating on exposures to whole-body vibration in vehicles. Journal of Sound and Vibration , 253 (1), 215-241.
Paramythioti, M., & Girard, J. (1973). Les engins de compactage en construction routière. Travaux La Route (1973).
Peng, C., & Lines, J. A. (1997). Ground induced vibration on unsuspended agricultural tractors. Heavy Vehicle Systems, International Journal of Vehicle Design , 4 ( 2-4), 166-182.
Pietzsch, D., & Poppy, W. (1992). Simulation of soil compaction with vibratory rollers. Journal of Terramechanics , 29 (6), 585-597.
Popa, G., & Nicoara, S.-V. (2002). Study of a Soil – Vibratory Roller Response. Ovidius University Annals of Constructions , 1 (3).
Pradko, F., & Lee, R. (1966). Vibration comfort criteria. Society of Automotive Engineers. Warrendale: SAE Technical .
Quibel, A., & Corte, J.-F. (1994). Modelisation pratique du compactage par vibration. Bulletin de Liaison des Laboratoires des Ponts et Chaussees (192), 27-35.
Quibel, A., Froumentin, M., & Morel, G. (1981). Le vibrex Influence des paramètres d'un rouleau vibrant sur l'efficacité du compactage. Paris: Laboratoire Central des Ponts et Chaussées.
Rakheja, S., & Sankar, S. (1984). Suspension design to improve tractor ride: II passive cab suspension. SAE Transactions (4 ), 1105–1112.
Rakheja, S., Afework, Y., & Sankar, S. (1994). An Analytical and Experimental Investigation of the Driver-Seat-Suspension System. Vehicle System Dynamics , 23 (1), 501 — 524.
Rehnberg, A., & Drugge, L. (2008). Ride comfort simulation of a wheel loader with suspended axles. Int. J. Vehicle Systems Modelling and Testing , 3 (3), 168-188.
Rinehart, R. V., & Mooney, M. A. (2008). Instrumentation of a roller compactor to monitor vibration behavior during earthwork compaction. Automation in Construction , 17 (2), 144–150.
Sandström, Å. (1994). Numerical simulation of a vibratory roller on cohesionless soil. Geodynamik. Tullinge: Geodynamik.
Scherocman, J. A., Rakowski, S., & Uchiyama, K. (2007). Intelligent Compaction, Does It Exist? Canadian Technical Asphalt Association, (pp. 373–398). Niagara Falls.
Seidel, H. (1993). Selected health risks caused by long-term whole-body vibration exposure. American Journal of Industrial Medicine , 23, 589-604.
Sharp, R. (2002). Wheelbase Filtering and automobile suspension tuning for minimizing motions in pitch. Proc Instn Mech Engrs , Vol 216 (12), 933-946.
Soliman, A. M., Monstafa, S. M., El-Sayed, F. M., & El-Gawwad, K. (1995). Experimental and analytical study of the tractor ride comfort. Heavy Vehicle Systems , 2 (1), 58-76.
Stayner, R., Hilton, D., & Moran, P. (1975). Protecting the tractor deriver from low frequency ride vibration. Institution of Mechanical Engineers Conference on “Off-highway vehicles, tractors and equipment”. London: Institution of Mechanical Engineers.
Tateyama, K., Ashida, S., Fukagawa, R., & Takahashi, H. (2006). Geomechatronics - Interaction between ground and construction machinery and its application to construction robotics. Journal of Terramechanics , 43 (3), 341-353.
Terzaghi, K., Peck, R., & Mesri, G. (1996). Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice (3rd ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Thurner, H. F. (2001). Quality Assurance and Self Control in Road Construction, Advanced Measurement Technology. 4th International Symposium “Infrastructure Construction Systems and Technologies”, (pp. 73-81). Munich.
Timoney Mobility Systems. (n.d.). Articulated Dump Truck Independent Suspension. Retrieved 03 18, 2010, from www.timoneygroup.com
Valeux, J.-C., & Feistenauer, H. (1995). Savoir Compacter. Hamm Walzenfabrik GmbH.
VDI 2057. (1987).

Available Versions of this Item

  • RIDE VIBRATION AND COMPACTION DYNAMICS OF VIBRATORY SOIL COMPACTORS. (deposited 30 Nov 2015 13:43) [Currently Displayed]
All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved. The use of items is governed by Spectrum's terms of access.

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads per month over past year

Back to top Back to top