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Using Support Vector Machines, Convolutional Neural Networks and Deep Belief Networks for Partially Occluded Object Recognition

Title:

Using Support Vector Machines, Convolutional Neural Networks and Deep Belief Networks for Partially Occluded Object Recognition

Chu, Joseph Lin (2014) Using Support Vector Machines, Convolutional Neural Networks and Deep Belief Networks for Partially Occluded Object Recognition. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

Artificial neural networks have been widely used for machine learning tasks such as object recognition. Recent developments have made use of biologically inspired architectures, such as the Convolutional Neural Network, and the Deep Belief Network. A theoretical method for estimating the optimal number of feature maps for a Convolutional Neural Network maps using the dimensions of the receptive field or convolutional kernel is proposed. Empirical experiments are performed that show that the method works to an extent for extremely small receptive fields, but doesn't generalize as clearly to all receptive field sizes. We then test the hypothesis that generative models such as the Deep Belief Network should perform better on occluded object recognition tasks than purely discriminative models such as Convolutional Neural Networks. We find that the data does not support this hypothesis when the generative models are run in a partially discriminative manner. We also find that the use of Gaussian visible units in a Deep Belief Network trained on occluded image data allows it to also learn to classify non-occluded images.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Computer Science and Software Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Chu, Joseph Lin
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M. Comp. Sc.
Program:Computer Science
Date:18 March 2014
Thesis Supervisor(s):Krzyzak, Adam
Keywords:neural networks, convolutional neural networks, deep belief networks, support vector machines, feature maps, occlusions, object recognition
ID Code:978484
Deposited By: JOSEPH CHU
Deposited On:03 Jul 2014 18:02
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:46

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