Login | Register

Switching to English: Effects on Motivation to use L2 French in Montreal

Title:

Switching to English: Effects on Motivation to use L2 French in Montreal

McNaughton, Stephanie (2014) Switching to English: Effects on Motivation to use L2 French in Montreal. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

[img]
Preview
Text (application/pdf)
McNaughton_MA_F14.pdf - Accepted Version
299kB

Abstract

Anecdotal information has suggested that individuals who use French as a second language in the Montreal public domain sometimes experience switches to English despite having initiated the conversation in French. Although this anecdotal information suggested that experiencing switches might have had a negative effect on motivation to use French, the effect of these switches in the Montreal context had not been addressed in previous literature. The current study explored whether or not the phenomenon of switching exists in Montreal as well as the possible effects it may have on motivation to use French as a second language. Data was collected from 13 French-as-a-second-language participants who documented their experiences using a web-based questionnaire. Although results suggest that the phenomenon of switching happens less frequently than the amount of non-switches experienced, it was found that, for intermediate users, not experiencing switches suggested a positive effect on motivation to continue the use and practice of French.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Education
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:McNaughton, Stephanie
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A.
Program:Applied Linguistics
Date:June 2014
Thesis Supervisor(s):McDonough, Kim
Keywords:Switching, second language, motivation, willingness to communicate, accommodation, French, English,
ID Code:978723
Deposited By: STEPHANIE MCNAUGHTON
Deposited On:04 Nov 2014 17:36
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:47

References:

Beebe, L.M., & Giles, H. (1984). Speech-accommodation theories: A discussion in terms of second-language acquisition. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 46, 5-32.
Bill 14, An act to amend the charter of the French language, the charter of human rights and freedoms and other legislative provisions, (Minister responsible for the Charter of the French Language) first session 40th Leg.,Quebec, 2012, (1-33), online: Bill no. 14: An Act to amend the Charter of the French language, the Charter of human rights and freedoms and other legislative provisions http://www.assnat.qc.ca/en/travaux-parlementaires/projets-loi/projet-loi-14-40-1.html
Boberg, C. (2012). English as a minority language in Quebec. World Englishes, 31(4), 493-502.
Bourhis, R. (1984). Cross-cultural communication in Montreal: Two field studies since Bill 101. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 46, 33-47.
Charter of the French Language, 2014, c. C-11, online: Charter of the French Language http://www2.publicationsduquebec.gouv.qc.ca
Callahan, L. (2009). Accommodation to outgroups members’ use of an in-group language: A comparison of service encounters in person and over the phone. International Multilingual Research Journal, 3(1), 1-15.
Clément, R., Dornyei, Z., & Noels, K.A. (1994). Motivation, self-confidence and group cohesion in the foreign language classroom. Language Learning, 44, 417-448.
Clément, R., Baker, S.C., & MacIntyre, P. (2003). Willingness to communicate in a second language: The effects of context, norms, and vitality. Journal of Languages and Social Psychology, 22(2), 190-209.
Dickinson, J.A. (2007). The English-speaking minority of Quebec: A historical perspective. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 185, 11-24
Dornyei, Z. (2001). Teaching and researching motivation. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.
Dornyei, Z. (2005). The psychology of the language learner: Individual differences in second language acquisition. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
Dornyei, Z. (2009). The L2 Motivational Self System. In Z. Dornyei & E. Ushioda (Eds.), Motivation, language identity and the L2 self (pp.9-42). Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
Dornyei, Z., & Tagushi, T. (2010). Questionnaires in second language research: Construction, administration, and processing. New York: Routledge.
Douglas, K. (2007). From the learner’s perspective: A case study on motives and study abroad. In S.Wilkinson (Ed.), Insights from Study Abroad for Language Programs (116-133). Boston: Thomson Heinle.
Gardner, R.C., & Lambert, W.E. (1959). Motivational variables in second-language acquisition. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 13(4), 266-272.
Gatbonton, E., Trofimovich, P., & Magid, M. (2005). Learners’ ethnic group affiliation and L2 pronunciation accuracy: A sociolinguistic investigation. TESOL Quarterly, 39(3), 489-511.
Giles, H., Taylor, D.M., & Bourhis, R.Y. (1973). Toward a theory of interpersonal accommodation through speech: Some Canadian data. Language in Society, 2, 177-192.
Gumperz, J.J. (1982). Discourse Strategies. New York: Cambridge University Press
Heller, M. (1982). The politics of codeswitiching and language choice. In J.J. Gumperz (Ed.). Language and Social Identity. (pp.108-118). New York: Cambridge University Press
Heller, M. (1992). The politics of codeswitiching and language choice. In C.M.Eastman (Ed.). Codeswitching. (pp.123-142). Bristol: Multilingual Matters Ltd.
Hernandez, T.A. (2010). The relationship among motivation, interaction, and the development of second language oral proficiency in a study-abroad context. The modern Language Journal, 94(4), 600-617.
Hernandez, T.A. (2010). Promoting speaking proficiency through motivation and interaction: The study abroad and classroom learning contexts. Foreign Language Annals, 43(4), 650-670.
Higgins, T.E., Roney, C.J.R., Crowe, E., & Hymes, C. (1994). Ideal versus ought predilections for approach and avoidance: Distinct self-regulatory systems. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66(2), 276-286.
Holmqvist, J. (2011). Consumer language preferences in service encounters: A cross-cultural perspective. Managing Service Quality, 21(2), 178-191.
Holmqvist, J., & Gronross, C. (2012). How does language matter for services? Challenges and propositions for service research. Journal of Service Research, 15(4), 430-442.
Krashen, S.D. (1980). The input hypothesis. In J.E.Alatis (Ed.), Current Issues in
Bilingual Education. (pp. 168-180). Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University
Press.
Lapkins, S., Hart, D., & Swain, M. (1995). A Canadian interprovincial exchange: Evaluating the linguistic impact of a three-month stay in Quebec. In B.F.Freed (Ed.), Second Language Acquisition in a Study Abroad Context ( 67-94). Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Lambert, W. E. (1974). A Canadian experiment in the development of bilingual competence. The Canadian Modern Language Review/La Revue Canadienne Des Langues Vivantes, 31(2), 108-116.
Li, P., Sepanski, S., & Zhao, X. (2006). Language history questionnaire: A web-based interface for bilingual research. Behavior Research methods, 38, 202-210.
Long, M. (1983). Native speaker / non-native speaker conversation and the negotiation of comprehensible input. Applied Linguistic, 4(2), 126-141.
MacIntyre, P.D., Clément, R., Dornyei, Z., & Noels, K.A. (1998). Conceptualizing willingness to communicate in a L2: A situational model of L2 confidence and affiliation. The Modern Language Journal, 82(4), 545-562.
MacIntyre, P., Baker, S.C., Clément, R., & Donovan, L.A. (2003). Talking in order to learn: Willingness to communicate and intensive language programs. The Canadian Modern Language Review, 59(4), 589-607.
Major, R.C. (2007). Identifying a foreign accent in an unfamiliar language. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 29, 539-556.
McCroskey, J.C.(1992). Reliability and validity of the willingness to communicate scale. Communication Quarterly, 40(1), 16-25.
McDonough, K. (2005). Identifying the impact of negative feedback and learners’ responses on ESL question development. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 27, 79-103.
Pellegrino Aveni, V. (2007). Speak for your self: Second language use and self-construction during study abroad. In S.Wilkinson (Ed.), Insights from Study Abroad for Language Programs (pp. 99-113). Boston: Thomson Heinle.
Pletch, A.K. (2011) The Effects of Accommodation on the Pursuit of Interaction in Naturalistic Settings (Master’s thesis) Retrieved from Spectrum Research Repository. (7360).
Seba, M., & Wootton, T. (1998). We, they and identity. In P. Auer (Ed.) Code-Switching in conversation: Language, interaction and identity. (pp.262-286) London: Routledge
Schau, H.J., Dellande, S., & Gilly, M.C. (2006). The impact of code switching on service encounters. Journal of Retailing, 83(1), 65-78.
Shively, R.L. (2013). Out-of-class interaction during study abroad. Spanish in Context, 10(1), 53-91.
Siehl, C., Bowen, D.E., & Pearson, C.M. (1992). Service encounters as rites of integration: An information processing model. Organization Science, 3(4), 537-555.
Simard, L. M., Taylor, D. M., & Giles, H. (1976). Attribution processes and interpersonal accommodation in a bilingual setting. Language and Speech, 19(4), 374-387.
Spratt, M., Humphreys, G., & Chan, V. (2002). Autonomy and motivation: Which comes first? Language and Teaching Research 6(3), 245-266.
Statistics Canada. (2012). Visual Census- Language, Montreal. 2011 Census. Ottawa. Released October 24, 2012. Retrieved June 16, 2013 from Statistics Canada: http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/dp-pd/vc-rv/index.cfm?Lang=ENG&TOPIC_ID=4&GEOCODE=462
Swain, M. (1993). The output hypothesis: Just speaking and writing aren’t enough. Canadian Modern Language Review, 50, 158-164.
Swain, M. (2000). The output hypothesis and beyond: mediating acquisition through collaborative dialogue. In J. Lantolf (Ed.), Sociocultural theory and second language learning (pp. 97-114). Oxford: Oxford University Press
Surtees, V. (2013). An alternative approach to speech act research in the study abroad context. (Unpublished master’s thesis) Concordia University, Montreal.
Ventola, E. (2005). Revisiting service encounter genre - Some reflections. Folia Linguistica: Acta Societatis Linguisticae Europaeae, 39(1-2), 19-43.
Verhoef, P.C., Antonides, G., & de Hoog, A.N. (2004). Service encounters as a sequence of events. Journal of Service Research, 7(1), 53-64.
Wang, C., & Mattila, A.S. (2010). A grounded theory model of service providers’ stress, emotion, and coping during intercultural service encounters. Managing Service Quality, 20(4), 328-342.
Ylanne, V. (2008). Communication Accommodation Theory. In Spener-Oatey, H. (Eds.), Culturally Speaking. Culture, Communication, and Politeness Theory (pp.164-189). New York: Continuum International Publishing
Internet Sites
http://www.vigile.net/00-12/sondage-langue.html
All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved. The use of items is governed by Spectrum's terms of access.

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads per month over past year

Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
- Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
Back to top Back to top