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UWB RTLS for Construction Equipment Localization: Experimental Performance Analysis and Fusion with Video Data

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UWB RTLS for Construction Equipment Localization: Experimental Performance Analysis and Fusion with Video Data

Siddiqui, Hassaan (2014) UWB RTLS for Construction Equipment Localization: Experimental Performance Analysis and Fusion with Video Data. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

Construction sites are well known for their dynamic and challenging nature. Several researchers are investigating the application of various Real-time Location Systems (RTLSs) for improving the safety and productivity of construction projects. When integrated with real-time data analysis systems, RTLS can contribute to make the construction environment smarter and safer by identifying safety hazards and inefficient resource configurations. Previous research shows that the Ultra-Wideband (UWB) technology, an emerging type of RTLS, is suitable for the identification and tracking of construction resources. However, a thorough study to evaluate the impact of the factors that affect the performance of the UWB RTLS in construction projects is still required. This research investigates the performance of UWB RTLSs in indoor and outdoor environments along with the evaluation of the factors which affect their performance. Moreover, the harsh environment of construction sites and the complex nature of construction projects provide numerous challenges for an individual technology to deliver accurate information in a timely manner. Therefore, this research also proposes a Multi-Sensor Data Fusion (MSDF) approach which leverages the benefits of video recording and image processing as a complimentary data source. It was found that the UWB RTLS is an effective tool to monitor construction resources; however, some of the UWB data can be missing or erroneous and the quality of the data can be improved by applying a suitable data enhancement method to accurately localize construction equipment. Furthermore, it was noted that the MSDF approach has the potential to better localize construction equipment by overcoming the limitations of UWB RTLS.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Concordia Institute for Information Systems Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Siddiqui, Hassaan
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A. Sc.
Program:Quality Systems Engineering
Date:11 September 2014
Thesis Supervisor(s):Hammad, Amin
Keywords:RTLS, UWB, Construction Equipment Localization
ID Code:978970
Deposited By: HASSAAN SIDDIQUI
Deposited On:04 Nov 2014 17:15
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:48
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