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Co-regulation and the quality of the relationship during face-to-face interactions in full-term and very low birthweight preterm infant-mother dyads

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Co-regulation and the quality of the relationship during face-to-face interactions in full-term and very low birthweight preterm infant-mother dyads

Doiron, Kelly (2015) Co-regulation and the quality of the relationship during face-to-face interactions in full-term and very low birthweight preterm infant-mother dyads. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

Interactions with parents form the basis of infants’ social-emotional development. Co- regulation during interactions occurs when partners adjust behaviour based on cues from each other. Research has examined co-regulation in low-risk populations, however co-regulation in the context of dyads’ relationships in at-risk populations has yet to be explored. The present study investigated co-regulation and quality of relationships between mothers and their 6-month- old full-term (n = 43) and very low birthweight/preterm (VLBW/preterm; n = 44) infants.
The objectives were to examine: (1) how co-regulation changed following a perturbed interaction, (2) how co-regulation differed between full-term and VLBW/preterm infant-mother dyads, and (3) the association between co-regulation and the quality of the mother-infant relationship.
Mother-infant interactions were coded for time spent in patterns of co-regulation using the Revised Relational Coding System (Fogel et al., 2003). Quality of the mother-infant relationship was assessed using the Emotional Availability Scales examining maternal and infant dimensions (Biringen et al., 2014; Carter, Little, & Garrity, 1998). Dyads participated in the Still-Face (SF) procedure (Tronick et al., 1978) consisting of two 2-minute face-to-face interactions with a 2-minute period in between where mothers assumed a “still face” and refrained from interacting with their infants. Following the SF period, dyads engaged in more active and disruptive patterns of co-regulation. While full-term dyads engaged in more sequential-symmetrical, VLBW/preterm dyads engaged in more resonant-symmetrical co- regulation. Infant responsiveness, maternal sensitivity, and parental stress were associated with co-regulation. The results highlight the importance of co-regulation and the influence of risk status and relationship quality on co-regulation.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Psychology
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Doiron, Kelly
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A.
Program:Psychology
Date:June 2015
Thesis Supervisor(s):Stack, Dale
ID Code:980126
Deposited By: KELLY MARY DOIRON
Deposited On:05 Jul 2016 14:09
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:50
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