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Formation Control and Fault Accommodation for a Team of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles

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Formation Control and Fault Accommodation for a Team of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles

Sedaghati, Sahar (2015) Formation Control and Fault Accommodation for a Team of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

The purpose of this thesis is the development of efficient formation control and fault accommodation algorithms for a team of autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs). The team of AUVs are capable of performing a wide range of deep water marine applications such as seabed mapping and surveying, oil and gas exploration and extraction, and oil and gas pipeline inspection. However, communication limitations and the presence of undesirable events such as component faults in any of the team members can prevent the whole team to achieve safe, reliable, and efficient performance while executing underwater mission tasks.
In this regard, the semi-decentralized control scheme is developed to achieve trajectory tracking and formation keeping while requiring information exchange only among neighboring agents. To this end, model predictive control (MPC) technique
and dynamic game theory are utilized to formulate and solve the formation control problem. Moreover, centralized and decentralized control schemes are developed to assess the performance of the proposed semi-decentralized control scheme in the simulation studies. The simulation results verify that the performance of the proposed semi-decentralized scheme is very close to the centralized scheme with lower control effort cost while it does not impose stringent communication requirements as in the centralized scheme.
Moreover, the semi-decentralized active fault recovery scheme is developed to maintain a graceful degraded performance and to ensure that the team of autonomous underwater vehicles can satisfy mission objectives when an actuator fault occurs in
any of the team members. In this regard, online fault information provided by fault detection and isolation (FDI) modules of each agent and its neighbors are incorporated to redesign the nominal controllers based on the MPC technique and dynamic game theory. Additionally, FDI imperfections such as fault estimation error and time delay are taken into account, and a performance index is derived to show the impact of FDI imperfections on the performance of team members. Moreover, centralized and decentralized active fault recovery schemes are developed to evaluate the performance of the proposed semi-decentralized recovery scheme through comparative simulation studies with various fault scenarios. The comparative simulation studies justify that the proposed semi-decentralized fault recovery scheme meets the design specifications even if the performance of the FDI module is not ideal.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Electrical and Computer Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Sedaghati, Sahar
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A. Sc.
Program:Electrical and Computer Engineering
Date:August 2015
Thesis Supervisor(s):Khorasani, Khashayar
ID Code:980369
Deposited By: SAHAR SEDAGHATI
Deposited On:02 Nov 2015 17:06
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:51
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