Login | Register

Two Sides to the Same Coin? The Positive and Negative Consequences of Severe Life Regrets in Younger versus Older Adulthood.


Two Sides to the Same Coin? The Positive and Negative Consequences of Severe Life Regrets in Younger versus Older Adulthood.

Aviram-Singer, Tal (2015) Two Sides to the Same Coin? The Positive and Negative Consequences of Severe Life Regrets in Younger versus Older Adulthood. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

Text (application/pdf)
Aviram-Singer_PhD_F2015.pdf - Accepted Version


As we aim to accomplish desirable goals, challenges, and hurdles are omnipresent. These point to a discrepancy between current and hoped-for states, produce negative emotions and are aversive. Regret relates to one such discrepancy. Developmental theories postulate that opportunity to overcome these effects is plentiful in young adulthood. The main aim of this dissertation was to ascertain the emotional and motivational processes inherent in the regret experience across time in young adults. An additional focus lay in understanding the benefits of continued engagement in overcoming regret, despite pessimism in one’s odds. Finally, these analyses were replicated in an older adult sample to assess their specificity to young adulthood.
Study 1 assessed the associations between intense negative emotions, regret engagement, implementation intentions, progress, and well-being measures over time among 121 young adults. Results indicated that regret intensity predicted increases in well-being and reduced intensity over time, through increases in regret-related progress. Additionally, increased engagement at onset and increased in implementation intentions over time mediated the increases in regret progress. This illustrates that emotional intensity can positively affect regret-related progress, and thereby well-being and distress over time, through its motivational effects.
Study 2 followed 121 pessimistic young adults to assess the benefits of continued regret engagement, despite reservations. Results showed that pessimistic participants who continued engaging in their regret displayed well-being improvements, which were mediated by improvements in their outcome expectancies over time. This points to the importance of continued pursuit in overcoming regret on well-being in pessimistic young adults.
Study 3 replicated these analyses in an older adult sample of 136 community dwelling recent retirees. Results showed that the experience of regret intensity was linked with increased intensity over time, but not with other variables. Additionally, pessimistic older adults who continued to engage in overcoming their regrets did not display expectancy or well-being improvements over time. This suggests that regret-related benefits are specific to young adulthood.
This research contributes to the literature on adaptive development across the lifespan. Findings on differing adaptive responses to the regret experience are explained with the use of developmental and motivational theories.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Psychology
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Aviram-Singer, Tal
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Date:1 July 2015
Thesis Supervisor(s):Wrosch, Carsten
Keywords:regret; young adulthood; lifespan development; regret intensity; regret engagement; implementation intentions; outcome expectancies; well-being;
ID Code:980573
Deposited By: TAL AVIRAM
Deposited On:28 Oct 2015 12:48
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:51


Aiken, L.S., & West, S.G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Sage Publications Inc.: Thousand Oaks, CA.
Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179-211.doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1016/0749-5978(91)90020-T
Armstrong, K.A., Khawaja, N.G., & Oei, T.P.S. (2006). Confirmatory factor analysis and psychometric properties of the anxiety sensitivity index – revised in clinical and normative populations. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 22(2), 116-125. doi: 10.1027/1015-5759.22.2.116
Baltes, P.B., & Baltes, M.M. (1990). Psychological perspectives on successful aging: The model of selective optimization with compensation. In P.B. Baltes & M.M. Baltes (Eds.) Successful aging: Perspectives from the behavioral sciences (pp. 1-34). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. W.H. Freeman: New York, NY.
Bauer, I., & Wrosch, C. (2011). Making up for lost opportunities: The protective role of downward social comparisons for coping with regrets across adulthood. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37(2), 215-228. doi: 10.1177/0146167210393256
Bauer, I., Wrosch, C., & Jobin, J. (2008). I’m better off than most other people: The role of social comparisons for coping with regret in young adulthood and old age. Psychology and Aging, 23(4), 800-811. doi: 10.1037/a0014180
Baumeister, R.F. (1991). The self against itself: Escape or defeat? In R.C. Curtis (Ed.), Theoretical convergences in psychoanalysis and social psychology (pp. 238-256). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Baumeister, R.F., Vohs, K.D., DeWall, C.N., & Zhang, L. (2007). How emotion shapes behavior: Feedback, anticipation, and reflection, rather than direct causation. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 11(2), 167-203. doi: 10.1177/1088868307301033
Beike, D.R., & Crone, T.S. (2008). When experienced regret refuses to fade: Regrets of action and attempting to forget open life regrets. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44(6), 1545-1550. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2008.06.008
Beike, D.R., Markman, K.D., & Karadogan, F. (2009). What we regret most are lost opportunities: A theory of regret intensity. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35(3), 385-397. doi: 10.1177/0146167208328329
Boninger, D.S., Gleicher, F., & Strathman, A. (1994). Counterfactual thinking: From what might have been to what may be. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67(2), 297-307. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.67.2.297
Brandtstädter, J., & Greve, W. (1994). The aging self: Stabilizing and protective processes. Develpomental Review, 14(1), 52-80. doi: 1994-29055-001
Brandtstädter, J., & Renner, G. T. (1990). Tenacious goal pursuit and flexible goal adjustment: Explication and age-related analysis of assimilative and accommodative strategies of coping. Psychology and Aging, 5(1), 58-67. doi: 10.1037/0882-7974.5.1.58
Brandtstädter, J., & Rothermund, K. (1994). Self-percepts of control in middle and later adulthood: Buffering losses by rescaling goals. Psychology and Aging, 9(2), 265-273. doi: 10.1037/0882-7974.9.2.265
Brissette, I. Scheier, M.F., & Carver, C.S. (2002). The role of optimism in social network development, coping, and psychological adjustment during a life transition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82(1), 102-111. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1037/0022-3514.82.1.102
Byrne, R.M.J. (2005). The rational imagination: How people create alternatives to reality. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Carver, C.S., & Scheier, M. (1990). Principles of self-regulation: Action and emotion. In E.T. Higgins (Ed.), Handbook of motivation and cognition (Vol 2, pp. 3-52). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Carver, C.S., & Scheier, M.F. (1998). On the self-regulation of behavior. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Carver, C.S., Scheier, M.F., & Segerstrom, S.C. (2010). Optimism. Clinical Psychology Review, 30(7), 879-889. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2010.01.006
Chang, E.C. (1998). Dispositional optimism and primary and secondary appraisal of a stressor: Controlling for confounding influences and relations to coping and psychological and physical adjustment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74(4), 1109-1120. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.74.4.1109
Cohen, S., Tyrrell, D.A., & Smith, A.P. (1993). Negative life events, perceived stress, negative affect, and susceptibility to the common cold. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64(1), 131-140. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1037/0022-3514.64.1.131
Conner, M., Sandberg, T., McMillan, B., & Higgins, A. (2006). Role of anticipated regret, intentions, and intention stability in adolescent smoking initiation. British Journal of Health Psychology, 11(1), 85-101. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1348/135910705X40997
Coricelli, G., Critchley, H.D., Joffily, M., O’Doherty, J.P., Sirigu, A., & Dolan, R.J. (2005). Regret and its avoidance: A neuroimaging study of choice behavior. Nature Neuroscience, 8(9), 1255-1262. doi: 10.1038/nn1514
Deci, E.L., & Ryan, R.M. (2000). The ‘what’ and ‘why’ of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11(4), 227-268. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1207/S15327965PLI1104_01
Diener, E., Emmons, R.A., Larsen, R.J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49(1), 71-75. doi: 10.1207/s15327752jpa4901_13
Diener, E., & Suh, E. (1997). Measuring quality of life: Economic, social and subjective indicators. Social Indicators Research, 40(1-2), 189-216. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1023/A:1006859511756
Ebner, N.C., Freund, A.M., & Baltes, P.B. (2006). Developmental changes in personal goal orientation from young to late adulthood: From striving for gains to maintenance and prevention of losses. Psychology and Aging, 21(4), 664-678. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1037/0882-7974.21.4.664
Epstude, K., & Roese, N.J. (2008). The functional theory of counterfactual thinking. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 12(2), 168-192. doi: 10.1177/1088868308316091
Feeney, A., Gardiner, D.R., Johnston, K., Jones, E., & McEvoy, R.J. (2005). Is regret for inaction relatively self-enhancing? Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19(6), 761-777. doi: 10.1002/acp.1113
Fisher, A., & LaFrance, M. (2015). What drives the smile and the tear: Why women are more emotionally expressive than men. Emotion Review, 7(1), 22-29. doi: 10.1177/1754073914544406
Förster, J., Liberman, N., & Higgins, E.T. (2005). Accessibility from active and fulfilled goals. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 41(3), 220-239. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1016/j.jesp.2004.06.009
Freund, A.M., & Ebner, N.C. (2005). The aging self: Shifting from promoting gains to balancing losses. In W. Greve, K. Rothermund & D. Wentura The adaptive self: Personal continuity and intentional self-development (pp. 185-202). Ashland, OH: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers.
Freund, A.M., & Riediger, M. (2006). Goals as building blocks of personality and development in adulthood. In D.K. Mroczek and T.D. Little (Eds.), Handbook of personality development (pp. 353-372). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
Frijda, N.H. (1988). The laws of emotion. American Psychologist, 43(5), 349-358. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.43.5.349
Gilovich, T., & Medvec, V.H. (1995). The experience of regret: What, when, and why. Psychological Review, 102(2), 379-395. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.69.4.603
Gilovich, T., Medvec, V.H., & Kahneman, D. (1998). Varieties of regret: A debate and partial resolution. Psychological Review, 105(3), 602-605. doi: 10.1037/0033-295X.105.3.602
Gollwitzer, P.M. (1999). Implementation intentions: Strong effects of simple plans. American Pscyhologist, 54(7), 493-503. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.54.7.493
Gollwitzer, P.M., & Brandstätter, V. (1997). Implementation intentions and effective goal pursuit. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73(1), 186-199. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1037/0022-3514.73.1.186
Gollwitzer, P.M., & Schaal, B. (1998). Metacognition in action: The importance of implementation intentions. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2(2), 124-136. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1207/s15327957pspr0202_5
Grossman, M., & Wood, W. (1993). Sex differences in intensity of emotional experience: A social role interpretation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65(5), 1010-1022. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1037/0022-3514.65.5.1010
Havighurst, R. J. (1972). Developmental tasks and education. New York: Davis McKay.
Heckhausen, J. (1997). Developmental regulation across adulthood: Primary and secondary control of age-related challenges. Developmental Psychology, 33(1), 176-187. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.33.1.176
Heckhausen, J. (1999). Developmental regulation in adulthood: Age-normative and sociostructural constraints as adaptive challenges. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.
Heckhausen, J., Dixon, R. A., & Baltes, P. B. (1989). Gains and losses in development throughout adulthood as perceived by different adult age groups. Developmental Psychology, 25(1), 109-121. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1037/0012-1649.25.1.109
Heckhausen, J., & Schulz, R. (1995). A life-span theory of control. Psychological Review, 102(2), 284-304. doi: 10.1037/0033-295X.102.2.284
Heckhausen, J., & Schulz, R. (1998). Developmental regulation in adulthood: Selection and compensation via primary and secondary control. In J. Heckhausen & C.S. Dweck (Eds.), Motivation and self-regulation across the life span (5-77). NewYork, NY: Campbridge University Press.
Heckhausen, J., Wrosch, C., & Fleeson, W. (2001). Developmental regulation before and after a developmental deadline: The sample case of "biological clock" for child-bearing. Psychology and Aging, 16(3), 400-413. doi: 10.1037/0882-7974.16.3.400
Heckhausen, J., Wrosch, C., & Schulz, R. (2010). A motivational theory of lifespan development. Psychological Review, 117(1), 32-60. doi: 10.1037/a0017668
Heller, D., Komar, J., & Lee, W.B. (2007). The dynamics of personality states, goals, and well-being. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33(6), 898-910. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1177/0146167207301010
Henderson, M.D., Gollwitzer, P.M., Oettingen, G. (2007). Implementation intentions and disengagement from a failing course of action. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 20(1), 81-102. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1002/bdm.553
Jokisaari, M. (2003). Regret appraisals, age, and subjective well-being. Journal of Research in Personality, 37(6), 487-503. doi: 10.1016/S0092-6566(03)00033-3
Kahnman, D. (1995). Varieties of counterfactual thinking. In: What might have been: The social psychology of counterfactual thinking. N.J. Roese and J.M. Olsen (Eds.); Hillsdale, England: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, pp. 375-396.
King, L.A., & Hicks, J.A. (2006). Narrating the self in the past and the future: Implications for maturity. Research in Human Development, 3(2-3), 121-138. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1207/s15427617rhd0302&3_4
King, L.A., & Hicks, J.A. (2007). Whatever happened to ‘what might have been’? Regrets, happiness, and maturity. American Psychologist, 62(7), 625-636. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.62.7.625
Klinger, E. (1998). The search for meaning in evolutionary perspective and its clinical implications. In P.T.P. Wong & P.S. Fry (Eds.), The human quest for meaning: A handbook of psychological research and clinical applications (27-50). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
Landman, J. (1987). Regret: A theoretical and conceptual analysis. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 17(2), 135-160. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-5914.1987.tb00092.x
Lecci, L., Okun, M. A., & Karoly, P. (1994). Life regrets and current goals as predictors of psychological adjustment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66(4), 731–741. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.66.4.731
Lerner, R.M., & Busch-Rossnagel, N.A. (Eds.). (1981). Individuals as producers of their development: A life-span perspective. New York, NY: Academic Press.
Lucas, R.E. (2007). Adaptation and the set-point model of subjective well-being: Does happiness change after major life events? Current Directions in Psychological Science, 16(2), 75-79.
Lupien, S.J., & Wan, N. (2004). Successful ageing: From cell to self. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 359(1449), 1413-1426. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2004.1516
Marsiske, M., Lang, F.R., Baltes, P.B., & Baltes, M.M. (1995). Selective optimization with compensation: Life-span perspectives on successful human development. In R.A. Dixon & L. Bäckman (Eds.), Compensating for psychological deficits and declines: Managing losses and promoting gains (pp. 35-79). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Associates.
Milan, A., Wong, I., & Vézina, M. (2014). Emerging trends in living arrangements and conjugal unions for current and future seniors (Insights on Canadian Society, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 75-006-X). Ottawa, Canada: Statistics Canada.
Nesse, R.M. (2000). Is depression an adaptation? Archives of General Psychiatry, 57(1), 14-20. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1001/archpsyc.57.1.14
Nesse, R.M., & Ellsworth, P.C. (2009). Evolution, emotions, and emotional disorders. American Psychologist, 64(2), 129-139. doi: 10.1037/a0013503
Newall, N.E., Chipperfield, J.G., Daniels, L.M., Hladkyj, S., & Perry, R.P. (2009). Regret in later life: Exploring relationships between regret frequency, secondary interpretive control beliefs, and health in older individuals. The International Journal of Aging & Human Development, 68(4), 261-288. doi: 10.2190/AG.68.4.a
Oettingen, G., & Mayer, D. (2002). The motivating function of thinking about the future: Expectations versus fantasies. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83(5), 1198-1212. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.83.5.1198
Pieters, R., & Zeelenberg, M. (2007). A theory of regret regulation 1.0. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 17(1), 3-18. doi: 10.1207/s15327663jcp1701_3
Powers, T.A., Koestner, R., & Topciu, R.A. (2005). Implementation intentions, perfectionism, and goal progress: Perhaps the road to hell is paved with good intentions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31(7), 902-912. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1177/0146167204272311
Preacher, K.J., Curran, P.J., & Bauer, D.J. (2006). Computational tools for probing interactions in multiple linear regression, multilevel modeling, and latent curve analysis. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 31(4), 437-448. http://quantpsy.org/pubs/preacher_curran_bauer_2006.pdf
Preacher, K.J., & Hayes, A.F. (2008). Asymptotic and resampling strategies for assessing and comparing indirect effects in multiple mediator models. Behavior Research Methods, 40(3), 879-891. doi: 10.3758/BRM.40.3.879
Radloff, L.S. (1977). The CES-D scale: A self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1(3), 385-401. doi: 10.1177/014662167700100306
Rasmussen, H.N., Wrosch, C., Scheier, M.F., & Carver, C.S. (2006). Self-regulation processes and health: The importance of optimism and goal adjustment. Journal of Personality, 74(6), 1721-1747. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2006.00426.x
Reb, J. (2008). Regret aversion and decision process quality: Effects of regret salience on decision process carefulness. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 105(2), 169-182. doi: 10.1016/j.obhdp.2007.08.006
Roese, N.J. (1994). The functional basis of counterfactual thinking. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 66(5), 805-818. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1037/0022-3514.66.5.805
Roese, N.J. (1997). Counterfactual thinking. Psychological Bulletin, 121(1), 133-148. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1037/0033-2909.121.1.133
Roese, N.J., Pennington, G.L., Coleman, J., Janicki, M., Li, N.P., & Kendrick, D.T. (2006). Sex differences in regret: All for love or some for lust? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32(6), 770-780. doi: 10.1177/0146167206286709
Roese, N.J., & Summerville, A. (2005). What we regret most… and why. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31(9), 1273-1285. doi: 10.1177/0146167205274693
Roese, N.J., Summerville, A., & Fessel, F. (2007). Regret and behavior: Comment on Zeelenberg and Pieters. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 17(1), 25-28. doi: 10.1207/s15327663jcp1701_5
Rothbaum, F., Weisz, J.R., & Snyder, S.S. (1982). Changing the world and changing the self: A two-process model of perceived control. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 42(1), 5-37. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.42.1.5
Sandberg, T. & Conner, M. (2008). Anticipated regret as an additional predictor in the theory of planned behavior: A meta-analysis. British Journal of Social Psychology, 47(4), 589-606. doi: 10.1348/014466607X258704
Scheier, M.F., Wrosch, C., Baum, A., Cohen, S., Martire, L.M., Matthews, K.A., Schulz, R., & Zdaniuk, B. (2006). The life engagement test: Assessing purpose in life. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 29(3), 291-298. doi: 10.1007/s10865-005-9044-1
Schulz, R., & Heckhausen, J. (1996). A life span model of successful aging. American Psychologist, 51(7), 702-714. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.51.7.702
Seligman, M.E.P. (1991). Learned optimism. New York: Knopf.
Seligman, M.E.P., Schulman, P., & Tryon, A. (2007). Group prevention of depression and anxiety symptoms. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45(6), 1111-1126. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2006.09.010
Sheeran, P. (2002). Intention-behavior relations: A conceptual and empirical review. European Review of Social Psychology, 12(1), 1-36. doi: 10.1080/14792772143000003
Sheeran, P., Webb, T.L., & Gollwitzer, P.M. (2005). The interplay between goal intentions and implementation intentions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31(1), 87-98. doi: 10.1177/0146167204271308
Torges, C.M., Stewart, A.J., & Miner-Rubino, K. (2005). Personality after the prime of life: Men and women coming to terms with regrets. Journal of Research in Personality, 39(1), 148-165. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2004.09.005
Watson, D., Clark, L.A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54(6), 1063-1070. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.54.6.1063
Wrosch, C. (2011). Self-regulation of unattainable goals and pathways to quality of life. In S. Folkman (Ed.). The Oxford Handbook of Stress, Health, and Coping (pp. 319-333). New York: Oxford University Press.
Wrosch, C., Bauer, I., Miller, G.E., & Lupien, S. (2007). Regret intensity, diurnal cortisol secretion, and physical health in older individuals: Evidence for directional effects and protective factors. Psychology and Aging, 22(2), 319-330. doi: 10.1037/0882-7974.22.2.319
Wrosch, C., Bauer, I., & Scheier, M.F. (2005). Regret and quality of life across the adult life span: The influence of disengagement and available future goals. Psychology and Aging, 20(4), 657-670. doi: 10.1037/0882-7974.20.4.657
Wrosch, C., Dunne, E., Scheier, M.F., & Schulz, R. (2006). Self-regulation of common age-related challenges: Benefits for older adults’ psychological and physical health. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 29(3), 299-306. doi: 10.1007/s10865-006-9051-x
Wrosch, C., & Heckhausen, J. (1999). Control processes before and after passing a developmental deadline: Activation and deactivation of intimate relationship goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77(2), 415-427. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.77.2.415
Wrosch, C., & Heckhausen, J. (2002). Perceived control of life regrets: Good for young and bad for older adults. Psychology and Aging, 17(2), 340-350. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1037/0882-7974.17.2.340
Wrosch, C., Heckhausen, J., & Lachman, M.E. (2000). Primary and secondary control strategies for managing health and financial stress across adulthood. Psychology and Aging, 15(3), 387-399. doi: 10.1037/0882-7974.15.3.387
Wrosch, C.; Heckhausen, J.; Lachman, M. E. (2006). In: Handbook of personality development. Mroczek, D. K. and Little, T. D. (Eds.); Mahwah, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers, pp.399-421.
Wrosch, C., & Miller, G.E. (2009). Depressive symptoms can be useful: Self-regulatory and emotional benefits of dysphoric mood in adolescence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96(6), 1181-1190. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1037/a0015172
Wrosch, C., Miller, G.E., Lupien, S., & Pruessner, J.C. (2008). Diurnal cortisol secretion and 2-year changes in older adults’ physical symptoms: The moderating roles of negative affect and sleep. Health Psychology, 27(6), 685-693. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1037/0278-6133.27.6.685
Wrosch, C., Miller, G.E., Scheier, M.F., & Brun de Pontet, S. (2007). Giving up on unattainable goals: Benefits for health? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33(2), 251-265. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1177/0146167206294905
Wrosch, C., & Scheier, M.F. (2003). Personality and quality of life: The importance of optimism and goal adjustment. Quality of Life Research, 12(Suppl1), 59-72. doi: 10.1023/A:1023529606137
Wrosch, C., Scheier, M.F., & Miller, G.E. (2013). Goal adjustment capacities, subjective well-being, and physical health. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7(12), 847-860. doi: 10.1111/spc3.12074
Wrosch, C., Scheier, M.F., Miller, G.E., Schulz, R., & Carver, C.S. (2003). Adaptive self-regulation of unattainable goals: Goal disengagement, goal reengagement, and subjective well-being. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29(12), 1494-1508. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1177/0146167203256921
Wrosch, C., Schulz, R., & Heckhausen, J. (2004). Health stresses and depressive symptomatology in the elderly: A control-process approach. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13(1), 17-20. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1111/j.0963-7214.2004.01301005.x
Wrosch, C., Schulz, R., Miller, G.E., Lupien, S., Dunne, E. (2007). Physical health problems, depressive mood, and cortisol secretion in old age: Buffer effects of health engagement control strategies. Health Psychology, 26(3), 341-349. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.26.3.341
Zeelenberg, M. (1999). The use of crying over spilled milk: A note on the rationality and functionality of regret. Philosophical Psychology, 12(3), 325-340. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1080/095150899105800
All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved. The use of items is governed by Spectrum's terms of access.

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads per month over past year

Back to top Back to top