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Modeling and analysis of voltage-dependent photo and dark current characteristics of Bulk Heterojunction organic solar cells

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Modeling and analysis of voltage-dependent photo and dark current characteristics of Bulk Heterojunction organic solar cells

Saleheen, Md Mesbahus (2016) Modeling and analysis of voltage-dependent photo and dark current characteristics of Bulk Heterojunction organic solar cells. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-4823-4

Abstract

Over the past decade, bulk heterojunction (BHJ) polymer solar cells based on blends of conjugated polymers and fullerene derivatives (e.g., P3HT:PCBM blend) have drawn a huge attention in research due to their high conversion efficiency, solution-based easy fabrication, and abundant availability. Although presently BHJ cells show a reasonable power conversion efficiency (almost 10 %), further efficiency improvements/optimizations seem very likely by better understanding the operating principles through accurate physics-based modeling and optimizations.

In this thesis, a physics-based explicit mathematical model for the external voltage-dependent forward dark current in bulk heterojunction (BHJ) organic solar cells is developed by considering Shockley-Read-Hall (SRH) recombination and solving the continuity equations for both electrons and holes with proper boundary conditions. An analytical model for the external voltage-dependent photocurrent in BHJ organic solar cells is also proposed by incorporating exponential photon absorption, dissociation efficiency of bound electron-hole pairs (EHPs), carrier trapping, and carrier drift and diffusion in the photon absorption layer. Modified Braun’s model is used to compute the electric field-dependent dissociation efficiency of the bound EHPs. The overall net current is calculated considering the actual solar spectrum. The mathematical models are verifield by comparing the model calculations with various published experimental results. We analyze the effects of the contact properties, blend compositions, charge carrier transport properties (carrier mobility and lifetime), and cell design on the current-voltage characteristics. The power conversion efficiency of BHJ organic solar cells mostly depends on electron transport properties (both the mobility and lifetime) of the acceptor layer. The results of this paper indicate that improvement of charge carrier transport (both mobility and lifetime) and dissociation of bound EHPs in organic blend are critically important to increase the power conversion efficiency of the BHJ solar cells.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Electrical and Computer Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Saleheen, Md Mesbahus
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A. Sc.
Program:Electrical and Computer Engineering
Date:2 June 2016
Thesis Supervisor(s):Kabir, M. Zahangir
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.1007/978-1-4471-4823-4
ID Code:980663
Deposited By: MD MESBAHUS SALEHEEN
Deposited On:08 Nov 2016 15:02
Last Modified:02 Jun 2018 00:00
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