Login | Register

Development of Electro-Anaerobic Membrane Bioreactor (EAnMBR) for treatment of high-strength industrial wastewater

Title:

Development of Electro-Anaerobic Membrane Bioreactor (EAnMBR) for treatment of high-strength industrial wastewater

Troshin, Valeriy ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4197-3680 (2016) Development of Electro-Anaerobic Membrane Bioreactor (EAnMBR) for treatment of high-strength industrial wastewater. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

[img]
Text (application/pdf)
Troshin_PhD_S2017.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 19 December 2020.
Available under License Spectrum Terms of Access.
6MB

Abstract

The main objective of this research was to develop an advanced system for industrial wastewater treatment which could produce an excellent quality effluent. The subsequent objectives were: i) to reduce the initial concentration of carbon, nutrients, and color-forming substances compared to conventional treatment systems, ii) to investigate removal mechanisms in the new system under electric field, iii) to optimize the system by studying the relationship between various operating parameters. To achieve these objectives an innovative compact electro-anaerobic membrane bioreactor (EAnMBR) was designed and its high performance was researched in two operational configurations. In the EAnMBR, physicochemical, biological and electrokinetic processes interacted simultaneously permitting to control the effluent quality and sludge properties. The dark-color molasses-based wastewater containing the high concentrations of chemical oxygen demand (53,000 mg/L), total nitrogen (2,300 mg/L), total phosphorus (150 mg/L), was selected for this research and submitted to multi-phase studies. The research allowed to define optimal operational conditions leading to removal of carbon, nutrients by 99% and to complete discoloration in the EAnMBR system. The novel system was compared with anaerobic membrane bioreactor showing performance superiority of EAnMBR in respect to COD, sludge volume reduction and filterability by 10%, 54% and 7%, respectively. A separate experimental phase was dedicated to optimize the energy balance in the novel system by the surface response method. The EAnMBR demonstrated outstanding results which make it a promising advanced wastewater treatment technology for various applications, e.g. in food, agriculture and defense industries.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Troshin, Valeriy
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Program:Civil Engineering
Date:16 October 2016
Thesis Supervisor(s):Elektorowicz, Maria
Keywords:Electro-anaerobic membrane bioreactor (EAnMBR); Anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR); Membrane fouling; Electrokinetics; Industrial wastewater treatment; Sludge filterability; Electrokinetics dewatering;
ID Code:982075
Deposited By: VALERIY TROSHIN
Deposited On:31 May 2017 18:01
Last Modified:30 Nov 2018 18:39

References:

[1] H.T.p.o. Orange, No Water No Future: A Water Focus for Johannesburg. Contribution to the Panel of the UN Secretary General in preparation for the Johannesburg Summit, in, 2002.
[2] UN/WWAP, Water. A shared responsability, The United Nations World Water Development Report 2 (2006).
[3] WHO/UNICEF, Global water supply and sanitation assessment 2000 report, in: WHO/Unicef Joint Water Supply Sanitation Monitoring, Programme, World Health Organization and United Nations Children's Fund, Switzerland, 2000.
[4] WHO/UNICEF, Progress on sanitation and drinking water: 2010 update, WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation, (2010).
[5] UN, World Population to 2300, (2004).
[6] UN, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Climate Change 2007: Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability, Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, (2007) 42, 44, 48-49.
[7] UN, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, (1992).
[8] O. Apaydin, U. Kurt, M.T. Gonullu, An investigation of the treatment of tannery wastewater by electrocoagulation, Glob. Nest. J., 11 (2009) 546-555.
[9] J.Q. Jiang, N.J.D. Graham, C.M. Andre, G.H. Kelsall, N.P. Brandon, M.J. Chipps, Comparative performance of an electrocoagulation/flotation system with chemical coagulation/dissolved air flotation: A pilot-scale trial, in, IWA Publishing, 2002, pp. 289-297.
[10] T.A. Kharlamova, L.T. Gorokhova, The use of electrocoagulation for the purification of phenol-containing effluents, Soviet Journal of Water Chemistry and Technology (English Translation of Khimiya i Tekhnologiya Vody), 4 (1982) 81-84.
[11] M.C. Marti, M. Roeckel, E. Aspe, M. Novoa, Fat removal from process waters of the fish-meal industry- A study of 3 flotation methods, Environmental Technology, 15 (1994) 29-39.
[12] J. Park, Y. Jung, M. Han, S. Lee, Simultaneous removal of cadmium and turbidity in contaminated soil-washing water by DAF and electroflotation, in, IWA Publishing, 2002, pp. 225-230.
[13] I. Arslan-Alaton, G. Turkoglu, I. Kabdasli, Chemical pretreatment of a spent disperse dyebath analogue by coagulation and electrocoagulation, Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 17 (2008) 1809-1815.
[14] P. Canizares, C. Jimenez, F. Martinez, M.A. Rodrigo, C. Saez, The pH as a key parameter in the choice between coagulation and electrocoagulation for the treatment of wastewaters, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 163 (2009) 158-164.
[15] P. Canizares, F. Martinez, C. Jimenez, J. Lobato, M.A. Rodrigo, Coagulation and electrocoagulation of wastes polluted with dyes, Environ. Sci. Technol., 40 (2006) 6418-6424.
[16] P. Canizares, F. Martinez, C. Jimenez, J. Lobato, M.A. Rodrigo, Coagulation and electrocoagulation of wastes polluted with colloids, Separation Science and Technology, 42 (2007) 2157-2175.
[17] P. Canizares, F. Martinez, C. Jimenez, C. Saez, M.A. Rodrigo, Coagulation and electrocoagulation of oil-in-water emulsions, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 151 (2008) 44-51.
[18] A.I. Ivanishvili, V.I. Przhegorlinskii, T.D. Kalinichenko, A comparative evaluation of the efficiency of electrocoagulation and reagent methods of clarifying waste water, Soviet Journal of Water Chemistry and Technology (English Translation of Khimiya i Tekhnologiya Vo, 9 (1987) 118-119.
[19] P.K. Holt, G.W. Barton, C.A. Mitchell, The future for electrocoagulation as a localised water treatment technology, Chemosphere, 59 (2005) 355-367.
[20] L.E. De-Bashan, Y. Bashan, Recent advances in removing phosphorus from wastewater and its future use as fertilizer (1997-2003), Water Research, 38 (2004) 4222-4246.
[21] B.Y. Gao, H.H. Hahn, E. Hoffmann, Evaluation of aluminum-silicate polymer composite as a coagulant for water treatment, Water Research, 36 (2002) 3573-3581.
[22] P.R. Gogate, A.B. Pandit, A review of imperative technologies for wastewater treatment I: Oxidation technologies at ambient conditions, Advances in Environmental Research, 8 (2004) 501-551.
[23] J.K. Edzwald, Coagulation in drinking water treatment: Particles, organics and coagulants, in: Proceedings of the 2nd Conference of the IAWQ-IWSA Joint Specialist Group on Coagulation, Flocculation, Filtration, Sedimentation and Flotation, September 1, 1992 - September 3, 1992, Geneva, Switz, 1993, pp. 21-35.
[24] C. Volk, K. Bell, E. Ibrahim, D. Verges, G. Amy, M. Lechevallier, Impact of enhanced and optimized coagulation on removal of organic matter and its biodegradable fraction in drinking water, Water Research, 34 (2000) 3247-3257.
[25] B.A. Bolto, D.R. Dixon, S.R. Gray, H. Chee, P.J. Harbour, L. Ngoc, A.J. Ware, The use of soluble organic polymers in waste treatment, in: Proceedings of the 1996 18th Biennial Conference of the International Association on Water Quality. Part 5, June 23, 1996 - June 28, 1996, Elsevier Science Inc., Singapore, Singapore, 1996, pp. 117-124.
[26] J. Fettig, H. Ratnaweera, H. Odegaard, Synthetic organic polymers as primary coagulants in wastewater treatment, in: IWSA/IAWPRC Joint Specialized Conference on Coagulation, Flocculation, Filtration, Sedimentation and Flotation, April 24, 1990 - April 26, 1990, Jonkoping, Swed, 1991, pp. 19-26.
[27] B. Gao, Q. Yue, J. Miao, Evaluation of polyaluminium ferric chloride (PAFC) as a composite coagulant for water and wastewater treatment, in, IWA Publishing, 2003, pp. 127-132.
[28] D.J. Pernitsky, J.K. Edzwald, Solubility of polyaluminium coagulants, Journal of Water Supply: Research and Technology - AQUA, 52 (2003) 395-406.
[29] M. Rak, M. Swiderska-Broz, Efficiency of alum and prehydrolyzed polyaluminium chlorides as coagulating agents: A comparative study, Environmental Protection Engineering, 27 (2001) 5-15.
[30] N.D. Tzoupanos, A.I. Zouboulis, C.A. Tsoleridis, A systematic study for the characterization of a novel coagulant (polyaluminium silicate chloride), Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 342 (2009) 30-39.
[31] A.I. Zouboulis, N. Tzoupanos, Alternative cost-effective preparation method of polyaluminium chloride (PAC) coagulant agent: Characterization and comparative application for water/wastewater treatment, Desalination, 250 (2010) 339-344.
[32] R.G. Rice, Applications of ozone for industrial wastewater treatment - A review, Ozone: Science and Engineering, 18 (1997) 477-515.
[33] A. Aleboyeh, M.E. Olya, H. Aleboyeh, Oxidative treatment of azo dyes in aqueous solution by potassium permanganate, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 162 (2009) 1530-1535.
[34] X.-R. Xu, H.-B. Li, W.-H. Wang, J.-D. Gu, Decolorization of dyes and textile wastewater by potassium permanganate, Chemosphere, 59 (2005) 893-898.
[35] C.A. Martinez-Huitle, E. Brillas, Decontamination of wastewaters containing synthetic organic dyes by electrochemical methods: A general review, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 87 (2009) 105-145.
[36] C.G. Schmit, K. Jahan, K.H. Schmit, E. Debik, V. Mahendraker, Activated sludge and other aerobic suspended culture processes, Water Environment Research, 81 (2009) 1127-1193.
[37] S.W.H. Van Hulle, H.J.P. Vandeweyer, B.D. Meesschaert, P.A. Vanrolleghem, P. Dejans, A. Dumoulin, Engineering aspects and practical application of autotrophic nitrogen removal from nitrogen rich streams, Chemical Engineering Journal, 162 (2010) 1-20.
[38] W.P. Barber, D.C. Stuckey, The use of the anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR) for wastewater treatment: A review, Water Research, 33 (1999) 1559-1578.
[39] B. Demirel, O. Yenigun, T.T. Onay, Anaerobic treatment of dairy wastewaters: A review, Process Biochemistry, 40 (2005) 2583-2595.
[40] A.B. dos Santos, F.J. Cervantes, J.B. van Lier, Review paper on current technologies for decolourisation of textile wastewaters: Perspectives for anaerobic biotechnology, Bioresource Technology, 98 (2007) 2369-2385.
[41] W.W. Eckenfelder, Y. Argaman, E. Miller, Process selection criteria for the biological treatment of industrial wastewaters, Environmental Progress, 8 (1989) 40-45.
[42] S.R. Harper, F.G. Pohland, Recent developments in hydrogen management during anaerobic biological wastewater treatment, Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 28 (1986) 585-602.
[43] M. Henze, P. Harremoes, Anaerobic treatment of wastewater in fixed film reactors - A literature review, Water Science and Technology, 15 (1983) 1-101.
[44] J. Iza, Fluidized bed reactors for anaerobic wastewater treatment, in: Proceedings of the IAWPRC International Specialised Workshop, September 24, 1990 - September 26, 1990, Valladolid, Spain, 1991, pp. 109-132.
[45] R.C. Leitao, A.C. Van Haandel, G. Zeeman, G. Lettinga, The effects of operational and environmental variations on anaerobic wastewater treatment systems: A review, Bioresource Technology, 97 (2006) 1105-1118.
[46] K.V. Rajeshwari, M. Balakrishnan, A. Kansal, K. Lata, V.V.N. Kishore, State-of-the-art of anaerobic digestion technology for industrial wastewater treatment, Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, 4 (2000) 135-156.
[47] I.R. Ramsay, P.C. Pullammanappallil, Protein degradation during anaerobic wastewater treatment: Derivation of stoichiometry, Biodegradation, 12 (2001) 247-257.
[48] M.S. Switzenbaum, Anaerobic fixed film wastewater treatment, Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 5 (1983) 242-250.
[49] S. Ren, Assessing wastewater toxicity to activated sludge: Recent research and developments, Environment International, 30 (2004) 1151-1164.
[50] S. Yan, B. Subramanian, R.Y. Surampalli, S. Narasiah, R.D. Tyagi, Isolation, characterization, and identification of bacteria from activated sludge and soluble microbial products in wastewater treatment systems, Practice Periodical of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste Management, 11 (2007) 240-258.
[51] P. Canizares, F. Martinez, C. Jimenez, C. Saez, M.A. Rodrigo, Technical and economic comparison of conventional and electrochemical coagulation processes, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 84 (2009) 702-710.
[52] J.C. Donini, J. Kan, J. Szynkarczuk, T.A. Hassan, K.L. Kar, Operating cost of electrocoagulation, Can. J. Chem. Eng., 72 (1994) 1007-1012.
[53] H. Melcer, D.T. Merrill, M.B. Gerhardt, C. Van Maltby, Tappi, Technical and economic feasibility assessment of metals reduction in pulp and paper mill wastewaters, Tappi Press, Atlanta, 1998.
[54] M. Bayramoglu, M. Eyvaz, M. Kobya, Treatment of the textile wastewater by electrocoagulation Economical evaluation, Chemical Engineering Journal, 128 (2007) 155-161.
[55] N. Meunier, P. Drogui, C. Gourvenec, G. Mercier, R. Hausler, J.F. Blais, Removal of metals in leachate from sewage sludge using electrochemical technology, Environmental Technology, 25 (2004) 235-245.
[56] A.E. Yilmaz, R. Boncukcuoglu, M.M. Kocakerim, A quantitative comparison between electrocoagulation and chemical coagulation for boron removal from boron-containing solution, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 149 (2007) 475-481.
[57] S. Veli, T. Ozturk, A. Dimoglo, Treatment of municipal solid wastes leachate by means of chemical- and electro-coagulation, Separation and Purification Technology, 61 (2008) 82-88.
[58] G.H. Chen, Electrochemical technologies in wastewater treatment, Separation and Purification Technology, 38 (2004) 11-41.
[59] V. Blonskaja, S. Zub, Possible ways for post-treatment of biologically treated wastewater from yeast factory, Journal of Environmental Engineering and Landscape Management, 17 (2009) 189-197.
[60] M. Gladchenko, E. Starostina, S. Shcherbakov, B. Versprille, S. Kalyuzhnyi, Combined biological and physico-chemical treatment of baker's yeast wastewater including removal of coloured and recalcitrant to biodegradation pollutants, Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research, 50 (2004) 67-72.
[61] V. Blonskaja, I. Kamenev, S. Zub, Possibilities of using ozone for the treatment of wastewater from the yeast industry, PROCEEDINGS- ESTONIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES CHEMISTRY, 55 (2006) 29-39.
[62] M. Coca, M. Pena, G. Gonzalez, Variables affecting efficiency of molasses fermentation wastewater ozonation, Chemosphere, 60 (2005) 1408-1415.
[63] S. Kalyuzhnyi, M. Gladchenko, E. Starostina, S. Shcherbakov, A. Versprille, Combined biological and physico-chemical treatment of baker's yeast wastewater, Water Science and Technology, 52 (2005) 175-181.
[64] S. Zub, T. Kurissoo, A. Menert, V. Blonskaja, Combined biological treatment of high-sulphate wastewater from yeast production, Water and Environment Journal, 22 (2008) 274-286.
[65] F. Tahar, R. Cheikh, J. Blais, Décoloration des eaux usées de levurerie par adsorption sur charbon, Journal of Environmental Engineering and Science, 3 (2004) 269-277.
[66] Y. Shi, H. Liu, X. Zhou, A. Xie, C. Hu, Mechanism on impact of internal-electrolysis pretreatment on biodegradability of yeast wastewater, Chinese Science Bulletin, 54 (2009) 2124-2130.
[67] M. Pena, M. Coca, G. Gonzalez, Continuous ozonation of biologically pretreated molasses fermentation effluents, Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering, 42 (2007) 777-783.
[68] K.-Y. Park, K.-H. Ahn, K.-P. Kim, J.H. Kweon, S.-K. Maeng, Characteristics and treatability of persistent colors in biologically treated wastewater effluents, Environmental Engineering Science, 22 (2005) 557-566.
[69] M. Koplimaa, A. Menert, V. Blonskaja, T. Kurissoo, S. Zub, M. Saareleht, E. Vaarmets, T. Menert, Liquid and gas chromatographic studies of the anaerobic degradation of baker's yeast wastewater, in: 5th Symposium by Nordic Separation Science Society, NoSSS 2009, August 26, 2009 - August 29, 2009, Elsevier, Tallinn, Estonia, 2010, pp. 120-129.
[70] S. Kalyuzhnyi, M. Gladchenko, A. Mulder, B. Versprille, Comparison of quasisteady-state performance of the DEAMOX process under intermittent and continuous feeding and different nitrogen loading rates, Biotechnol J, (2007).
[71] L. Fan, T. Nguyen, F.A. Roddick, Characterisation of the impact of coagulation and anaerobic bio-treatment on the removal of chromophores from molasses wastewater, Water Research, 45 (2011) 3933-3940.
[72] J. Dwyer, P. Griffiths, P. Lant, Simultaneous colour and DON removal from sewage treatment plant effluent: Alum coagulation of melanoidin, Water Research, 43 (2009) 553-561.
[73] A. Gadd, D. Ryan, J. Kavanagh, A.-L. Beaurain, S. Luxem, G. Barton, Electrocoagulation of fermentation wastewater by low carbon steel (Fe) and 5005 aluminium (Al) electrodes, Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 40 (2010) 1511-1517.
[74] S. Figaro, S. Louisy-Louis, J. Lambert, J.J. Ehrhardt, A. Ouensanga, S. Gaspard, Adsorption studies of recalcitrant compounds of molasses spentwash on activated carbons, Water Research, 40 (2006) 3456-3466.
[75] M. Altinbas, A.F. Aydin, M.F. Sevimli, I. Ozturk, Advanced Oxidation of Biologically Pretreated Baker's Yeast Industry Effluents for High Recalcitrant COD and Color Removal, Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A, 38 (2003) 2229-2240.
[76] A. Battimelli, D. Loisel, D. Garcia-Bernet, H. Carrere, J.-P. Delgenes, Combined ozone pretreatment and biological processes for removal of colored and biorefractory compounds in wastewater from molasses fermentation industries, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 85 (2010) 968-975.
[77] H.-Y. Wang, H. Qian, W.-R. Yao, Melanoidins produced by the Maillard reaction: Structure and biological activity, Food Chemistry, 128 (2011) 573-584.
[78] K. De Vleeschouwer, I. Van der Plancken, A. Van Loey, M.E. Hendrickx, The Effect of High Pressure-High Temperature Processing Conditions on Acrylamide Formation and Other Maillard Reaction Compounds, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 58 (2010) 11740-11748.
[79] J.K. Eun, S.L. Young, M. Murata, S. Homma, Effect of pH control on the intermediates and melanoidins of nonenzymatic browning reaction, LWT - Food Science and Technology, 38 (2005) 1-6.
[80] B. Cosovic, V. Vojvodic, N. Bokovic, M. Plavic, C. Lee, Characterization of natural and synthetic humic substances (melanoidins) by chemical composition and adsorption measurements, Organic Geochemistry, 41 (2010) 200-205.
[81] Z. Xuan, L. Hui, L. YuQian, Z. Miao, The main components of color and dissolved organic matter from yeast industry effluent, in: 2010 2nd Conference on Environmental Science and Information Application Technology (ESIAT 2010), 17-18 July 2010, IEEE, Piscataway, NJ, USA, 2010, pp. 833-836.
[82] A. Smaniotto, A. Bertazzo, S. Comai, P. Traldi, The role of peptides and proteins in melanoidinb formation, Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 44 (2009) 410-418.
[83] O.T. Iorhemen, R.A. Hamza, J.H. Tay, Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) Technology for Wastewater Treatment and Reclamation: Membrane Fouling, Membranes, 6 (2016) 1-29.
[84] L.W. Kroh, T. Fiedler, J. Wagner, alpha-dicarbonyl compounds - Key intermediates for the formation of carbohydrate-based melanoidins, in: E.S.V.S.P. Schleicher (Ed.) Maillard Reaction: Recent Advances in Food and Biomedical Sciences, 2008, pp. 210-215.
[85] D. Marko, M. Habermeyer, M. Kemeny, U. Weyand, E. Niederberger, O. Frank, T. Hofmann, Maillard reaction products modulating the growth of human tumor cells in vitro, Chemical Research in Toxicology, 16 (2003) 48-55.
[86] Y. Shirahashi, H. Watanabe, F. Hayase, Identification of Red Pigments Formed in a D-Xylose-glycine Reaction System, Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry, 73 (2009) 2287-2292.
[87] F.J. Morales, C. Fernández-Fraguas, S. Jiménez-Pérez, Iron-binding ability of melanoidins from food and model systems, Food Chemistry, 90 (2005) 821-827.
[88] J. Herzfeld, D. Rand, Y. Matsuki, E. Daviso, M. Mak-Jurkauskas, I. Mamajanov, Molecular Structure of Humin and Melanoidin Via Solid state NMR, Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 115 (2011) 5741-5745.
[89] E. Venir, P. Pittia, S. Giavon, E. Maltini, Structure and water relations of melanoidins investigated by thermal, rheological, and microscopic analysis, International Journal of Food Properties, 12 (2009) 819-833.
[90] T. Fiedler, L.W. Kroh, Formation of discrete molecular size domains of melanoidins depending on the involvement of several -dicarbonyl compounds: Part 2, European Food Research and Technology, 225 (2007) 473-481.
[91] J.-S. Kim, Y.-S. Lee, Effect of reaction pH on enolization and racemization reactions of glucose and fructose on heating with amino acid enantiomers and formation of melanoidins as result of the Maillard reaction, Food Chemistry, 108 (2008) 582-592.
[92] J.A. Rufian-Henares, F.J. Morales, Antimicrobial activity of melanoidins against Escherichia coli is mediated by a membrane-damage mechanism, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 56 (2008) 2357-2362.
[93] J.A. Rufian-Henares, F.J. Morales, A new application of a commercial microtiter plate-based assay for assessing the antimicrobial activity of Maillard reaction products, Food Research International, 39 (2006) 33-39.
[94] J.A. Rufian-Henares, F.J. Morales, Effect of in vitro enzymatic digestion on antioxidant activity of coffee melanoidins and fractions, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 55 (2007) 10016-10021.
[95] J.A. Rufian-Henares, F.J. Morales, Functional properties of melanoidins: In vitro antioxidant, antimicrobial and antihypertensive activities, Food Research International, 40 (2007) 995-1002.
[96] J.A. Rufian-Henares, S.P. de la Cueva, Antimicrobial Activity of Coffee Melanoidins-A Study of Their Metal-Chelating Properties, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 57 (2009) 432-438.
[97] G.K. Ziyatdinova, A.A. Gainetdinova, G.K. Budnikov, Reactions of synthetic phenolic antioxidants with electrogenerated titrants and their analytical applications, Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 65 (2010) 929-934.
[98] F.a.A.O. UN, Enzymatic browning, in, 2011, pp. Formation of melanins from a simple polyphenol.
[99] S. Kalyuzhnyi, M. Gladchenko, A. Mulder, B. Versprille, New anaerobic process of nitrogen removal, in: 5th World Water Congress: Wastewater Treatment Processes, IWA Publishing, 2006, pp. 163-170.
[100] S. Kalyuzhnyi, M. Gladchenko, A. Mulder, B. Versprille, DEAMOX-New biological nitrogen removal process based on anaerobic ammonia oxidation coupled to sulphide-driven conversion of nitrate into nitrite, Water Research, 40 (2006) 3637-3645.
[101] S.V. Kalyuzhnyi, M.A. Gladchenko, A.I. Trukhina, N.M. Shestakova, T.P. Tourova, T.N. Nazina, A.B. Poltaraus, Phylogenetic analysis of a microbial community involved in anaerobic oxidation of ammonium nitrogen, Microbiology Microbiology, 79 (2010) 237-246.
[102] S. Kalyuzhnyi, M. Gladchenko, DEAMOX - New microbiological process of nitrogen removal from strong nitrogenous wastewater, Desalination, 248 (2009) 783-793.
[103] S.V. Kalyuzhnyi, M.A. Gladchenko, H. Kang, A. Mulder, A. Versprille, Development and optimisation of VFA driven DEAMOX process for treatment of strong nitrogenous anaerobic effluents, Water Science and Technology, 57 (2008) 323-328.
[104] H.-G. Kim, H.-N. Jang, H.-M. Kim, D.-S. Lee, T.-H. Chung, Effect of an electro phosphorous removal process on phosphorous removal and membrane permeability in a pilot-scale MBR, Desalination, 250 (2010) 629-633.
[105] A.P. Buzzini, L.J. Patrizzi, A.J. Motheo, E.C. Pires, Preliminary evaluation of the electrochemical and chemical coagulation processes in the post-treatment of effluent from an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor, Journal of Environmental Management, 85 (2007) 847-857.
[106] H.G. Kim, H.N. Jang, H.M. Kim, D.S. Lee, T.H. Chung, Effect of an electro phosphorous removal process on phosphorous removal and membrane permeability in a pilot-scale MBR, Desalination, 250 (2010) 629-633.
[107] P.K. Gkotsis, E.L. Batsari, E.N. Peleka, A.K. Tolkou, A.I. Zouboulis, Fouling control in a lab-scale MBR system: Comparison of several commercially applied coagulants, Journal of Environmental Management.
[108] M. Krapivina, T. Kurissoo, V. Blonskaja, S. Zub, R. Vilu, Treatment of sulphate containing yeast wastewater in an anaerobic sequence batch reactor, Proceedings- Estonian Academy of Sciences Cchemistry, 56 (2007) 38-52.
[109] P.N.L. Lens, A. Visser, A.J.H. Janssen, L.W.H. Pol, G. Lettinga, Biotechnological treatment of sulfate-rich wastewaters, Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 28 (1998) 41-88.
[110] W. Liamleam, A.P. Annachhatre, Electron donors for biological sulfate reduction, Biotechnology Advances, 25 (2007) 452-463.
[111] S. Tait, W.P. Clarke, J. Keller, D.J. Batstone, Removal of sulfate from high-strength wastewater by crystallisation, Water Research, 43 (2009) 762-772.
[112] A.J. Geldenhuys, J.P. Maree, M. de Beer, P. Hlabela, An integrated limestone/lime process for partial sulphate removal, Journal of the South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 103 (2003) 345-353.
[113] A. Pala, G. Erden, Decolorization of a baker's yeast industry effluent by Fenton oxidation, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 127 (2005) 141-148.
[114] M.E. Ersahin, R.K. Dereli, H. Ozgun, B.G. Donmez, I. Koyuncu, M. Altinbas, I. Ozturk, Source Based Characterization and Pollution Profile of a Baker's Yeast Industry, Clean - Soil, Air, Water, 39 (2011) 543-548.
[115] A.S. Gadd, D.R. Ryan, J.M. Kavanagh, G.W. Barton, Design development of an electrocoagulation reactor for molasses process wastewater treatment, Water Science and Technology, 61 (2010) 3221-3227.
[116] K. Neira, D. Jeison, Anaerobic co-digestion of surplus yeast and wastewater to increase energy recovery in breweries, Water Science and Technology, 61 (2010) 1129-1135.
[117] Z.-y. Yan, J.-s. Wang, L. Xie, Anaerobic Treatment of Yeast Effluent in an Expanded Granular Sludge Bed Reactor, in: 2010 International Conference on Digital Manufacturing and Automation (ICDMA 2010), 18-20 Dec. 2010, IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, CA, USA, 2010, pp. 219-222.
[118] S. Kahraman, O. Yesilada, Decolorization and bioremediation of molasses wastewater by white-rot fungi in a semi-solid-state condition, Folia microbiologica, 48 (2003) 525-528.
[119] W. Lee, P. Westerhoff, Dissolved organic nitrogen removal during water treatment by aluminum sulfate and cationic polymer coagulation, Water Research, 40 (2006) 3767-3774.
[120] T. Sreethawong, S. Chavadej, Color removal of distillery wastewater by ozonation in the absence and presence of immobilized iron oxide catalyst, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 155 (2008) 486-493.
[121] C.-H. Wei, Y.-P. Zhang, C.-F. Wu, C.-S. Hu, Decoloration and mineralization of yeast wastewater by using Ce-Fe/Al2O3 as heterogeneous photo-Fenton catalyst, Journal of Central South University of Technology (English Edition), 13 (2006) 481-485.
[122] S.H. Mutlu, U. Yetis, T. Gurkan, L. Yilmaz, Decolorization of wastewater of a baker's yeast plant by membrane processes, Water Research, 36 (2002) 609-616.
[123] T.I. Liakos, N.K. Lazaridis, Melanoidin removal from molasses effluents by adsorption, Journal of Water Process Engineering, 10 (2016) 156-164.
[124] Z. Liang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhou, H. Liu, Z. Wu, Stoichiometric relationship in the coagulation of melanoidins-dominated molasses wastewater, Desalination, 250 (2010) 42-48.
[125] Z. Liang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhou, H. Liu, Z. Wu, Variables affecting melanoidins removal from molasses wastewater by coagulation/flocculation, Separation and Purification Technology, 68 (2009) 382-389.
[126] D. Ryan, A. Gadd, J. Kavanagh, M. Zhou, G. Barton, A comparison of coagulant dosing options for the remediation of molasses process water, Separation and Purification Technology, 58 (2008) 347-352.
[127] Y. Zhou, Z. Liang, Y. Wang, Decolorization and COD removal of secondary yeast wastewater effluents by coagulation using aluminum sulfate, Desalination, 225 (2008) 301-311.
[128] S. Mohana, B.K. Acharya, D. Madamwar, Distillery spent wash: Treatment technologies and potential applications, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 163 (2009) 12-25.
[129] M. Mischopoulou, P. Naidis, S. Kalamaras, T.A. Kotsopoulos, P. Samaras, Effect of ultrasonic and ozonation pretreatment on methane production potential of raw molasses wastewater, Renewable Energy, 96, Part B (2016) 1078-1085.
[130] M. Hadavifar, H. Younesi, A.A. Zinatizadeh, F. Mahdad, Q. Li, Z. Ghasemi, Application of integrated ozone and granular activated carbon for decolorization and chemical oxygen demand reduction of vinasse from alcohol distilleries, Journal of Environmental Management, 170 (2016) 28-36.
[131] S. Zak, The Use of Fenton's System in the Yeast Industry Wastewater Treatment, Environmental Technology, 26 (2005) 11-19.
[132] N. Amaral-Silva, R.C. Martins, C. Paiva, S. Castro-Silva, R.M. Quinta-Ferreira, A new winery wastewater treatment approach during vintage periods integrating ferric coagulation, Fenton reaction and activated sludge, Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 4 (2016) 2207-2215.
[133] J. Dwyer, L. Kavanagh, P. Lant, The degradation of dissolved organic nitrogen associated with melanoidin using a UV/H2O2 AOP, Chemosphere, 71 (2008) 1745-1753.
[134] K. Bani-Melhem, M. Elektorowicz, Development of a novel submerged membrane electro-bioreactor (SMEBR): Performance for fouling reduction, Environmental Science and Technology, 44 (2010) 3298-3304.
[135] K. Bani-Melhem, M. Elektorowicz, Performance of the submerged membrane electro-bioreactor (SMEBR) with iron electrodes for wastewater treatment and fouling reduction, Journal of Membrane Science, 379 (2011) 434-439.
[136] S. Ibeid, M. Elektorowicz, J.A. Oleszkiewicz, Impact of electro-coagulation on the fate of soluble microbial products (SMP) in submerged membrane electro-bioreactor (SMEBR), in: Annual Conference of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering 2010, CSCE 2010, June 9, 2010 - June 12, 2010, Canadian Society for Civil Engineering, Winnipeg, MB, Canada, 2010, pp. 634-640.
[137] F.J. Benitez, J.L. Acero, A.I. Leal, F.J. Real, Cork processing wastewaters purification by the application of microfiltration and ultrafiltration membranes and assessment of the membrane fouling, in: CHISA 2006 - 17th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering, August 27, 2006 - August 31, 2006, Czech Society of Chemical Engineering, Prague, Czech republic, 2006, pp. Hexion Specialty Chemicals; Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation; CS Cabot; Zentiva; BorsodChem MCHZ.
[138] M. Bernardo, A. Santos, P. Cantinho, M. Minhalma, Cork industry wastewater partition by ultra/nanofiltration: A biodegradation and valorisation study, Water Research, 45 (2011) 904-912.
[139] S. Kalyuzhnyi, M. Gladchenko, E. Starostina, S. Shcherbakov, B. Versprille, Integrated biological (anaerobic-aerobic) and physico-chemical treatment of baker's yeast wastewater, Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research, 52 (2005) 10-11.
[140] M. Kobya, S. Delipinar, Treatment of the baker's yeast wastewater by electrocoagulation, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 154 (2008) 1133-1140.
[141] B. Tartakovsky, P. Mehta, J.S. Bourque, S.R. Guiot, Electrolysis-enhanced anaerobic digestion of wastewater, (2011).
[142] E.C. Catalkaya, F. Sengul, Application of Box-Wilson experimental design method for the photodegradation of bakery's yeast industry with UV/H2O2 and UV/H2O2/Fe(II) process, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 128 (2006) 201-207.
[143] S. Chaturvedi, R. Chandra, V. Rai, Isolation and characterization of Phragmites australis (L.) rhizosphere bacteria from contaminated site for bioremediation of colored distillery effluent, Ecological Engineering, 27 (2006) 202-207.
[144] P. Kumar, R. Chandra, Decolourisation and detoxification of synthetic molasses melanoidins by individual and mixed cultures of Bacillus spp, Bioresource Technology, 97 (2006) 2096-2102.
[145] S. Mohana, C. Desai, D. Madamwar, Biodegradation and decolourization of anaerobically treated distillery spent wash by a novel bacterial consortium, Bioresource Technology, 98 (2007) 333-339.
[146] P.J. Strong, J.E. Burgess, Treatment Methods for Wine-Related and Distillery Wastewaters: A Review, Bioremediation Journal, 12 (2008) 70-87.
[147] M.-C. Dictor, C. Joulian, S. Touze, I. Ignatiadis, D. Guyonnet, Electro-stimulated biological production of hydrogen from municipal solid waste, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 35 (2010) 10682-10692.
[148] J. Ditzig, H. Liu, B.E. Logan, Production of hydrogen from domestic wastewater using a bioelectrochemically assisted microbial reactor (BEAMR), International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 32 (2007) 2296-2304.
[149] P.C. Hallenbeck, Fermentative hydrogen production: Principles, progress, and prognosis, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 34 (2009) 7379-7389.
[150] G. Luo, L. Xie, Q. Zhou, I. Angelidaki, Enhancement of bioenergy production from organic wastes by two-stage anaerobic hydrogen and methane production process, (2011).
[151] J.B. Van Lier, N. Mahmoud, G. Zeeman, Anaerobic wastewater treatment, (2008).
[152] D. Botheju, B. Lie, R. Bakke, Oxygen effects in anaerobic digestion, Modeling, Identification and Control, 30 (2009) 191-201.
[153] D. Botheju, B. Lie, R. Bakke, Oxygen effects in anaerobic digestion II, Modeling, Identification and Control, 31 (2010) 55-65.
[154] Y. Satyawali, M. Balakrishnan, Wastewater treatment in molasses-based alcohol distilleries for COD and color removal: A review, J. Environ. Manage. Journal of Environmental Management, 86 (2008) 481-497.
[155] S. Sirianuntapiboon, P. Phothilangka, S. Ohmomo, Decolorization of molasses wastewater by a strain No.BP103 of acetogenic bacteria, Bioresource Technology, 92 (2004) 31-39.
[156] S. Sirianuntapiboon, K. Prasertsong, Treatment of molasses wastewater by acetogenic bacteria BP103 in sequencing batch reactor (SBR) system, Bioresource Technology, 99 (2008) 1806-1815.
[157] D. Francisca Kalavathi, L. Uma, G. Subramanian, Degradation and metabolization of the pigment - Melanoidin in distillery effluent by the marine cyanobacterium Oscillatoria boryana BDU 92181, Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 29 (2001) 246-251.
[158] D. Ryan, A. Gadd, J. Kavanagh, G.W. Barton, Integrated biorefinery wastewater design, Chemical engineering research & design : transactions of the Institution of Chemical Engineers., 87 (2009) 1261.
[159] E.A. Vik, D.A. Carlson, A.S. Eikum, E.T. Gjessing, Electrocoagulation of potable water, Water Research, 18 (1984) 1355-1360.
[160] F.L. Antisell, U.S. Patent 1313246, in, 1919.
[161] J.T. Harris, Patent 937210, in, 1909.
[162] F.B. Hinkson, U.S. Patent 820113, in, 1906.
[163] H. Korten, U.S. Patent 913827, in, 1909.
[164] J.D. Kynaston, U.S. Patent 1219333, in, 1917.
[165] J.A.M. Lacomme, U.S. Patent 672231, in, 1901.
[166] D.W. Moody, U.S. Patent 1183753, in, 1916.
[167] H. Parker, U.S. Patent 1069169 in, 1913.
[168] A.T. Stuart, U.S. Patent 1269128, in, 1918.
[169] G.D. Van Arsdale, U.S. Patent 1449462, in, 1923.
[170] M. Merriman, Elements of sanitary engineering, Bibliolife, 2008.
[171] P.P. Strokach, Perspectives for the use of anodic dissolving of metals in water treatment technology, Elektronnaya Obrabotka Materialov, (1975) 52-57.
[172] L. Fassina, Purification of tannery effluents, Journal of the American Leather Chemists Association, 33 (1938) 380.
[173] B.M. Matov, Application of electrolysis in coagulation and flotation, Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, Pishchevaya Tekhnologiya, 2 (1967) 84-86.
[174] G.A. Archakova, Purification of wastewaters by an electrochemical method, Vodootvedenie Ochistka Vod, (1969) 82-90.
[175] E.R. Ramirez, Comparative physicochemical study of industrial wastewater treatment by electrolytic, disspersed air and dissolved air flotation technologies, Proceedings of the Industrial Waste Conference, (1980) 699-709.
[176] F.E. Elmore, A process for separating certain constituents of subdivided ores and like substances, and apparatus therfor. B. P. Office. United Kingdom. British Patent 13578 (1905). , in, 1904.
[177] I.V. Gerasimov, Ivleva, M. G., Malyavko, M., Electroflotation purification of emulsified sewage from oil refineries, Novosti Neft. i Gaz. Tekhn., Neftepererabotka i Neftekhim, 12 (1962) 18-20.
[178] S. Zodi, O. Potier, F. Lapicque, J.P. Leclerc, Treatment of the industrial wastewaters by electrocoagulation: Optimization of coupled electrochemical and sedimentation processes, Desalination, 261 (2010) 186-190.
[179] E. Terrazas, A. Vazquez, R. Briones, I. Lazaro, I. Rodriguez, EC treatment for reuse of tissue paper wastewater: Aspects that affect energy consumption, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 181 (2010) 809-816.
[180] M. Ben Sasson, A. Adin, Fouling mitigation by iron-based electroflocculation in microfiltration: Mechanisms and energy minimization, Water Research, 44 (2010) 3973-3981.
[181] X.Y. Zheng, H.N. Kong, D.Y. Wu, C. Wang, Y. Li, H.R. Ye, Phosphate removal from source separated urine by electrocoagulation using iron plate electrodes, Water Science and Technology, 60 (2009) 2929-2938.
[182] P. Canizares, F. Martinez, C. Jimenez, J. Lobato, M.A. Rodrigo, Comparison of the aluminum speciation in chemical and electrochemical dosing processes, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 45 (2006) 8749-8756.
[183] P. Canizares, F. Martinez, M. Carmona, J. Lobato, M.A. Rodrigo, Continuous electrocoagulation of synthetic colloid-polluted wastes, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 44 (2005) 8171-8177.
[184] P. Canizares, M. Carmona, J. Lobato, F. Martinez, M.A. Rodrigo, Electrodissolution of aluminum electrodes in electrocoagulation processes, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 44 (2005) 4178-4185.
[185] P. Canizares, J. Lobato, J. Garcia-Gomez, M.A. Rodrigo, Combined adsorption and electrochemical processes for the treatment of acidic aqueous phenol wastes, Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 34 (2004) 111-117.
[186] P. Canizares, J. Garcia-Gomez, J. Lobato, M.A. Rodrigo, Modeling of Wastewater Electro-oxidation Processes Part I. General Description and Application to Inactive Electrodes, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 43 (2004) 1915-1922.
[187] P. Canizares, J. Garcia-Gomez, J. Lobato, M.A. Rodrigo, Modeling of wastewater electro-oxidation processes part II. Application to active electrodes, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 43 (2004) 1923-1931.
[188] P.K. Holt, G.W. Barton, M. Wark, C.A. Mitchell, A quantitative comparison between chemical dosing and electrocoagulation, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 211 (2002) 233-248.
[189] S. Ibeid, M. Elektorowicz, J.A. Oleszkiewicz, Modification of activated sludge properties caused by application of continuous and intermittent current, Water Research, 47 (2013) 903-910.
[190] V.Y. Baklan, I.P. Kolesnikova, Influence of electrode material on the electrocoagulation, Journal of Aerosol Science, 27, Supplement 1 (1996) S209-S210.
[191] M. Kobya, H. Hiz, E. Senturk, C. Aydiner, E. Demirbas, Treatment of potato chips manufacturing wastewater by electrocoagulation, Desalination, 190 (2006) 201-211.
[192] M.Y.A. Mollah, R. Schennach, J.R. Parga, D.L. Cocke, Electrocoagulation (EC) - Science and applications, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 84 (2001) 29-41.
[193] G. Chen, Electrochemical technologies in wastewater treatment, Separation and Purification Technology, 38 (2004) 11-41.
[194] O. Larue, E. Vorobiev, C. Vu, B. Durand, Electrocoagulation and coagulation by iron of latex particles in aqueous suspensions, Separation and Purification Technology, 31 (2003) 177-192.
[195] G. Mouedhen, M. Feki, M.D.P. Wery, H.F. Ayedi, Behavior of aluminum electrodes in electrocoagulation process, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 150 (2008) 124-135.
[196] M. Mechelhoff, G.H. Kelsall, N.J.D. Graham, Aluminium electrochemistry in electrocoagulation reactors, in: 213th ECS Meeting Abstracts 2008, May 18, 2008 - May 22, 2008, Electrochemical Society Inc., Phoenix, AZ, United states, 2008, pp. 875.
[197] H.K. Shon, S. Phuntsho, S. Vigneswaran, J. Kandasamy, L.D. Nghiem, G.J. Kim, J.B. Kim, J.H. Kim, Preparation of titanium dioxide nanoparticles from electrocoagulated sludge using sacrificial titanium electrodes, Environmental Science and Technology, 44 (2010) 5553-5557.
[198] P. Canizares, F. Martinez, C. Saez, M.A. Rodrigo, The electrocoagulation, an alternative to the conventional coagulation process of wastewater, Afinidad, 66 (2009) 27-37.
[199] C.J. Izquierdo, P. Canizares, M.A. Rodrigo, J.P. Leclerc, G. Valentin, F. Lapicque, Effect of the nature of the supporting electrolyte on the treatment of soluble oils by electrocoagulation, Desalination, 255 (2010) 15-20.
[200] M. Aoudjehane, M. Rezzouk, A. Kellil, Y. Aurelle, C. Guigui, Comparative study of electrocoagulation and coagulation-flocculation effects on the destabilization of cutting oil emulsion
Etude comparative de l'electrocoagulation et de la coagulation floculation vis-a-vis de la destabilisation d'une emulsion d'huile de coupe, Revue des Sciences de l'Eau, 23 (2010) 17-30.
[201] J.L. Trompette, H. Vergnes, On the crucial influence of some supporting electrolytes during electrocoagulation in the presence of aluminum electrodes, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 163 (2009) 1282-1288.
[202] M. Tir, N. Moulai-Mostefa, Electrochemical treatment of metal working emulsions using Box-Behnken design, Desalin. Water Treat., 7 (2009) 214-219.
[203] A.G. Merma, L.V. Gonzales, R.M. Rangel, R.J. de Carvalho, M.L. Torem, Fundamental aspects of electrocoagulation: removal of oily wastewaters from the mining industry, in: EPD Congress 2009, 15-19 Feb. 2009, Metals & Materials Society (TMS), Warrendale, PA, USA, 2009, pp. 963-968.
[204] E. GilPavas, K. Molina-Tirado, M.A. Gomez-Garcia, Treatment of automotive industry oily wastewater by electrocoagulation: Statistical optimization of the operational parameters, in, IWA Publishing, 12 Caxton Street, London, SW1H 0QS, United Kingdom, 2009, pp. 2581-2588.
[205] Y.O.A. Fouad, A.H. Konsowa, H.A. Farag, G.H. Sedahmed, Performance of an electrocoagulation cell with horizontally oriented electrodes in oil separation compared to a cell with vertical electrodes, Chemical Engineering Journal, 145 (2009) 436-440.
[206] S. Yoo, J.S. Hsieh, Advanced water recycling through electrochemical treatment of effluent from dissolved air flotation unit of food processing industry, Water Science and Technology, 61 (2010) 181-190.
[207] W.L. Chou, C.T. Wang, W.C. Chang, S.Y. Chang, Adsorption treatment of oxide chemical mechanical polishing wastewater from a semiconductor manufacturing plant by electrocoagulation, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 180 (2010) 217-224.
[208] J.H. Cho, J.E. Lee, C.S. Ra, Effects of electric voltage and sodium chloride level on electrolysis of swine wastewater, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 180 (2010) 535-541.
[209] P. Canizares, F. Martinez, M.A. Rodrigo, C. Jimenez, C. Saez, J. Lobato, Modelling of wastewater electrocoagulation processes Part I. General description and application to kaolin-polluted wastewaters, Separation and Purification Technology, 60 (2008) 155-161.
[210] P. Canizares, F. Martinez, M.A. Rodrigo, C. Jimenez, C. Saez, J. Lobato, Modelling of wastewater electrocoagulation processes Part II: Application to dye-polluted wastewaters and oil-in-water emulsions, Separation and Purification Technology, 60 (2008) 147-154.
[211] J. Nouri, A.H. Mahvi, E. Bazrafshan, Application of Electrocoagulation Process in Removal of Zinc and Copper From Aqueous Solutions by Aluminum Electrodes, Int. J. Environ. Res., 4 (2010) 201-208.
[212] S.S. Gao, M.A. Du, J.Y. Tian, J.Y. Yang, J.X. Yang, F. Ma, J. Nan, Effects of chloride ions on electro-coagulation-flotation process with aluminum electrodes for algae removal, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 182 (2010) 827-834.
[213] P.K. Holt, G.W. Barton, C.A. Mitchell, Deciphering the science behind electrocoagulation to remove suspended clay particles from water, Water Science and Technology, 50 (2004) 177-184.
[214] P.K. Holt, G.W. Barton, M. Wark, C.A. Mitchell, A quantitative comparison between chemical dosing and electrocoagulation, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 211 (2002) 233-248.
[215] P.K. Holt, G.W. Barton, C.A. Mitchell, I.P.C.I.P. Iwa Programme Committee, Committee, Mathematical analysis of a batch electrocoagulation reactor, in: 3rd World Water Congress: Drinking Water Treatment, I W a Publishing, London, 2002, pp. 65-71.
[216] X.C. Ruan, M.Y. Liu, Q.F. Zeng, Y.H. Ding, Degradation and decolorization of reactive red X-3B aqueous solution by ozone integrated with internal micro-electrolysis, Separation and Purification Technology, 74 (2010) 195-201.
[217] C. Phalakornkule, S. Polgumhang, W. Tongdaung, B. Karakat, T. Nuyut, Electrocoagulation of blue reactive, red disperse and mixed dyes, and application in treating textile effluent, Journal of Environmental Management, 91 (2010) 918-926.
[218] M.Y.A. Mollah, J.A.G. Gomes, K.K. Das, D.L. Cocke, Electrochemical treatment of Orange II dye solution-Use of aluminum sacrificial electrodes and floc characterization, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 174 (2010) 851-858.
[219] A.I. Gladkij, E.Y. Sokol, M.Y. Gapunin, Estimation of batch and continuous electrocoagulants' operation efficiency, Khimiya i Tekhnologiya Vody, 13 (1991) 745-748.
[220] S.P. Novikova, T.L. Shkorbatova, E.Y. Sokol, G.V. Sleptsov, Electrochemical treatment of spent wash solutions at machine plants, Soviet Journal of Water Chemistry and Technology (English Translation of Khimiya i Tekhnologiya Vo, 9 (1987) 87-91.
[221] R.V. Drondina, T.M. Khmel'nitskaya, P.P. Strokach, A.M. Romanov, V.M. Bobrinskii, Combination methods of purifying underground waters polluted with Selenium and Strontium, Soviet surface engineering and applied electrochemistry, (1985) 84-86.
[222] R.V. Drondina, T.M. Khmel'nitskaya, P.P. Strokach, A.M. Romanov, Anode dissolution of iron in ground waters containing strontium, Soviet Journal of Water Chemistry and Technology (English Translation of Khimiya i Tekhnologiya Vo, 7 (1985) 67-70.
[223] I.A. Zolotukhin, V.A. Vasev, A.L. Lukin, Electroflotation purification of the pit waters of the Kuzbass, Soviet Journal of Water Chemistry and Technology (English Translation of Khimiya i Tekhnologiya Vo, 5 (1983) 85-89.
[224] A.N. Volkova, L.V. Ivanova, V.I. Yakovlev, Removal of protein and of suspended and ether-soluble substances from wastewaters by electrocoagulation, Journal of Applied Chemistry of the Ussr, 54 (1981) 970-972.
[225] V.N. Shilov, Polarization interaction and electrocoagulation1. Expression of the force of disperce interaction in an electric-field by away of an induced dipole-moment, Colloid Journal of the Ussr, 42 (1980) 963-967.
[226] A.F. Morozov, G.I. Konshina, V.P. Morozova, Electroflotation extraction of suspentions from waste thickeners, Soviet Mining Science Ussr, 16 (1980) 189-191.
[227] V.V. Vershinina, I.E. Rogovets, Purification of fluorine-containing effluent by electrochemical methods, 35 (1978) 511-512.
[228] V.D. Osipenko, P.I. Pogorelyi, Electrocoagulation neutralization of chromium containing effluent, Metallurgist, 21 (1977) 628-630.
[229] R.K. Alekseeva, A.P. Seligerskaya, Purifying Industrial Waste Water at the Severonikel' Combine, Tsvetnye Metally, (1977) 53-54.
[230] B.K. Korbahti, K. Artut, Electrochemical oil/water demulsification and purification of bilge water using Pt/Ir electrodes, Desalination, 258 (2010) 219-228.
[231] F. Zaviska, P. Drogui, J.F. Blais, G. Mercier, In situ active chlorine generation for the treatment of dye-containing effluents, Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 39 (2009) 2397-2408.
[232] D. Rajkumar, B.J. Song, J.G. Kim, Electrochemical degradation of Reactive Blue 19 in chloride medium for the treatment of textile dyeing wastewater with identification of intermediate compounds, Dyes Pigment., 72 (2007) 1-7.
[233] S. Raghu, C.W. Lee, S. Chellammal, S. Palanichamy, C.A. Basha, Evaluation of electrochemical oxidation techniques for degradation of dye effluents-A comparative approach, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 171 (2009) 748-754.
[234] N.A. Maslennikov, Zhdanova, T. M., Concentration of excess activated sludge by electroflotation, Sbornik Nauchnih Rabot Akademii Kommunalnogo Khozyaystva, 6 (1961) 230-256.
[235] M. Belkacem, M. Khodir, S. Abdelkrim, Treatment characteristics of textile wastewater and removal of heavy metals using the electroflotation technique, Desalination, 228 (2008) 245-254.
[236] L. Ben Mansour, S. Chalbi, Removal of oil from oil/water emulsions using electroflotation process, Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 36 (2006) 577-581.
[237] L. Ben Mansour, S. Chalbi, I. Kesentini, Experimental study of hydrodynamic and bubble size distributions in electroflotation process, Indian Journal of Chemical Technology, 14 (2007) 253-257.
[238] F.N. Crespilho, C.G. Santana, O.O. Rezende, Brazilian industrial coconut wastewater treatment by electroflotation, Quim. Nova, 27 (2004) 387-392.
[239] M. Kotti, N. Dammak, I. Ksentini, L. Ben Mansour, Effects of impurities on oxygen transfer rate in the electroflotation process, Indian Journal of Chemical Technology, 16 (2009) 513-518.
[240] S.E. Burns, S. Yiacoumi, C. Tsouris, Microbubble generation for environmental and industrial separations, Separation and Purification Technology, 11 (1997) 221-232.
[241] C. Jimenez, B. Talavera, C. Saez, P. Canizares, M.A. Rodrigo, Study of the production of hydrogen bubbles at low current densities for electroflotation processes, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 85 (2010) 1368-1373.
[242] Y. Fukui, S. Yuu, Removal of colloidal particles in electroflotation, Aiche Journal, 31 (1985) 201-208.
[243] X.M. Chen, G.H. Chen, P.L. Yue, Novel electrode system for electroflotation of wastewater, Environ. Sci. Technol., 36 (2002) 778-783.
[244] M. Boroski, A.C. Rodrigues, J.C. Garcia, L.C. Sampaio, J. Nozaki, N. Hioka, Combined electrocoagulation and TiO2 photoassisted treatment applied to wastewater effluents from pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 162 (2009) 448-454.
[245] M. Boroski, A.C. Rodrigues, J.C. Garcia, A.P. Gerola, J. Nozaki, N. Hioka, The effect of operational parameters on electrocoagulation-flotation process followed by photocatalysis applied to the decontamination of water effluents from cellulose and paper factories, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 160 (2008) 135-141.
[246] S. Khoufi, F. Aloui, S. Sayadi, Treatment of olive oil mill wastewater by combined process electro-Fenton reaction and anaerobic digestion, Water Research, 40 (2006) 2007-2016.
[247] A.P. Buzzini, L.J. Patrizzi, A.J. Motheo, E.C. Pires, Preliminary evaluation of the electrochemical and chemical coagulation processes in the post-treatment of effluent from an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor, Journal of environmental management, 85 (2007) 847-857.
[248] X.H. Lei, T. Maekawa, Electrochemical treatment of anaerobic digestion effluent using a Ti/Pt-IrO2 electrode, Bioresource Technology, 98 (2007) 3521-3525.
[249] K. Yetilmezsoy, F. Ilhan, Z. Sapci-Zengin, S. Sakar, M.T. Gonullu, Decolorization and COD reduction of UASB pretreated poultry manure wastewater by electrocoagulation process: A post-treatment study, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 162 (2009) 120-132.
[250] A.M. Deshpande, S. Satyanarayan, S. Ramakant, Treatment of high-strength pharmaceutical wastewater by electrocoagulation combined with anaerobic process, in, IWA Publishing, 12 Caxton Street, London, SW1H 0QS, United Kingdom, 2010, pp. 463-472.
[251] J.A. Siles, M.A. Martin, A.F. Chica, A. Martin, Anaerobic co-digestion of glycerol and wastewater derived from biodiesel manufacturing, Bioresource Technology, 101 (2010) 6315-6321.
[252] G. Collins, S. McHugh, S. Connaughton, A.-M. Enright, A. Kearney, C. Scully, T. Mahony, P. Madden, V. O'Flaherty, New low-temperature applications of anaerobic wastewater treatment, Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering, 41 (2006) 881-895.
[253] S. Connaughton, G. Collins, V. O'Flaherty, Psychrophilic and mesophilic anaerobic digestion of brewery effluent: A comparative study, Water Research, 40 (2006) 2503-2510.
[254] S. Connaughton, G. Collins, V. O'Flaherty, Development of microbial community structure and actvity in a high-rate anaerobic bioreactor at 18C, Water Research, 40 (2006) 1009-1017.
[255] B.-Q. Liao, J. Kraemer, D. Bagley, Anaerobic Membrane Bioreactors: Applications and Research Directions, Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 36 (2006) 489-530.
[256] M.F. Demirbas, M. Balat, Progress and recent trends in biogas processing, International Journal of Green Energy, 6 (2009) 117-142.
[257] H. Zhu, A. Stadnyk, M. Beland, P. Seto, Co-production of hydrogen and methane from potato waste using a two-stage anaerobic digestion process, Bioresource Technology, 99 (2008) 5078-5084.
[258] J.P. Steyer, O. Bernard, D.J. Batstone, I. Angelidaki, Lessons learnt from 15 years of ICA in anaerobic digesters, Water Science and Technology, 53 (2006) 25-33.
[259] M. Kanai, V. Ferre, S. Wakahara, T. Yamamoto, M. Moro, A novel combination of methane fermentation and MBR Kubota Submerged Anaerobic Membrane Bioreactor process, Desalination., 48 (2010) 964.
[260] S.H. Baek, K.R. Pagilla, Aerobic and anaerobic membrane bioreactors for municipal wastewater treatment, Water environment research : a research publication of the Water Environment Federation, 78 (2006) 133-140.
[261] A. Pierkiel, J. Lanting, Membrane-coupled anaerobic digestion of municipal sewage sludge, Water Science and Technology, 52 (2005) 253-258.
[262] S. Christian, S. Grant, P. McCarthy, D. Wilson, D. Mills, The first two years of full-scale anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) operation treating high-strength industrial wastewater, Water Practice and Technology, 6 (2011).
[263] W.J. Gao, K.T. Leung, W.S. Qin, B.Q. Liao, Effects of temperature and temperature shock on the performance and microbial community structure of a submerged anaerobic membrane bioreactor, Bioresource Technology, 102 (2011) 8733-8740.
[264] M. Kanai, V. Ferre, S. Wakahara, T. Yamamoto, M. Moro, A novel combination of methane fermentation and MBR - Kubota Submerged Anaerobic Membrane Bioreactor process, Desalination, 250 (2010) 964-967.
[265] B.Q. Liao, K. Xie, H.J. Lin, D. Bertoldo, Treatment of kraft evaporator condensate using a thermophilic submerged anaerobic membrane bioreactor, Water Science and Technology, 61 (2010) 2177-2183.
[266] S.M. Lee, J.Y. Jung, Y.C. Chung, Novel method for enhancing permeate flux of submerged membrane system in two-phase anaerobic reactor, Water Research, 35 (2001) 471-477.
[267] G. Antonopoulou, K. Stamatelatou, N. Venetsaneas, M. Kornaros, G. Lyberatos, Biohydrogen and methane production from cheese whey in a two-stage anaerobic process, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 47 (2008) 5227-5233.
[268] B. Rincon, R. Borja, M.A. Martin, A. Martin, Kinetic study of the methanogenic step of a two-stage anaerobic digestion process treating olive mill solid residue, Chemical Engineering Journal, 160 (2010) 215-219.
[269] M.J. Park, J.H. Jo, D. Park, D.S. Lee, J.M. Park, Comprehensive study on a two-stage anaerobic digestion process for the sequential production of hydrogen and methane from cost-effective molasses, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 35 (2010) 6194-6202.
[270] S.G. Shin, G. Han, J. Lim, C. Lee, S. Hwang, A comprehensive microbial insight into two-stage anaerobic digestion of food waste-recycling wastewater, Water Research, 44 (2010) 4838-4849.
[271] A. American Public Health, A.D. Eaton, A. American Water Works, F. Water Environment, Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, APHA-AWWA-WEF, Washington, D.C., 2005.
[272] S. Ibeid, M. Elektorowicz, J.A. Oleszkiewicz, Electro-conditioning of activated sludge in a membrane electro-bioreactor for improved dewatering and reduced membrane fouling, Journal of Membrane Science, 494 (2015) 136-142.
[273] S.W. Hasan, M. Elektorowicz, J.A. Oleszkiewicz, Start-up period investigation of pilot-scale submerged membrane electro-bioreactor (SMEBR) treating raw municipal wastewater, Chemosphere, 97 (2014) 71-77.
[274] S. Ibeid, M. Elektorowicz, J.A. Oleszkiewicz, Novel electrokinetic approach reduces membrane fouling, Water Research, 47 (2013) 6358-6366.
[275] S. Philips, K. Rabaey, W. Verstraete, Impact of iron salts on activated sludge and interaction with nitrite or nitrate, Bioresource Technology, 88 (2003) 229-239.
[276] N. Parveen, S. Ahmad, G.G.H.A. Shadab, Iron induced genotoxicity: attenuation by vitamin C and its optimization, Interdisciplinary Toxicology, 7 (2014) 154-158.
[277] E. Farno, J.C. Baudez, R. Parthasarathy, N. Eshtiaghi, Impact of temperature and duration of thermal treatment on different concentrations of anaerobic digested sludge: Kinetic similarity of organic matter solubilisation and sludge rheology, Chemical Engineering Journal, 273 (2015) 534-542.
[278] J. Kozeny, Über kapillare leitung des wassers im boden, Akad. Wiss. Wien., 136 (1927) 271-306.
[279] P.A. Dias, T. Dunkel, D.A.S. Fajado, E. De León Gallegos, M. Denecke, P. Wiedemann, F.K. Schneider, H. Suhr, E.d.L. Gallegos, Image processing for identification and quantification of filamentous bacteria in in situ acquired images, BioMedical Engineering OnLine, 15 (2016) 1-19.
[280] A.S. Ziegler, S.J. McIlroy, P. Larsen, M. Albertsen, A.A. Hansen, N. Heinen, P.H. Nielsen, Dynamics of the Fouling Layer Microbial Community in a Membrane Bioreactor, PLoS ONE, 11 (2016) 1-14.
[281] K. Bani-Melhem, Z. Al-Qodah, M. Al-Shannag, A. Qasaimeh, M. Rasool Qtaishat, M. Alkasrawi, On the performance of real grey water treatment using a submerged membrane bioreactor system, Journal of Membrane Science, 476 (2015) 40-49.
[282] M. Lousada-Ferreira, J.B. van Lier, J.H.J.M. van der Graaf, Impact of suspended solids concentration on sludge filterability in full-scale membrane bioreactors, Journal of Membrane Science, 476 (2015) 68-75.
[283] A.S. Koparal, Y.S. Yildiz, B. Keskinler, N. Demircioglu, Effect of initial pH on the removal of humic substances from wastewater by electrocoagulation, Separation and Purification Technology, 59 (2008) 175-182.
[284] C.F. Baes, R.E. Mesmer, The hydrolysis of cations, Wiley, 1976.
[285] A.J. Meixner, Reaction of Aluminum with Water and Sodium Hydroxide, in, 2005.
[286] M. Citeau, J. Olivier, A. Mahmoud, J. Vaxelaire, O. Larue, E. Vorobiev, Pressurised electro-osmotic dewatering of activated and anaerobically digested sludges: Electrical variables analysis, Water Research, 46 (2012) 4405-4416.
[287] M. Citeau, O. Larue, E. Vorobiev, Influence of salt, pH and polyelectrolyte on the pressure electro-dewatering of sewage sludge, Water Research, 45 (2011) 2167-2180.
[288] Y.-l. Luo, Z.-h. Yang, Z.-y. Xu, L.-j. Zhou, G.-m. Zeng, J. Huang, Y. Xiao, L.-k. Wang, Effect of trace amounts of polyacrylamide (PAM) on long-term performance of activated sludge, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 189 (2011) 69-75.
[289] X. Yan, R. Gerards, L. Virens, I. Vankelecom, Hollow fiber membrane fouling and cleaning in a membrane bioreactor for molasses wastewater treatment, Desalin. Water Treat., 18 (2010) 192-197.
[290] E. Filloux, W. Gernjak, H. Gallard, J.P. Croue, Investigating the relative contribution of colloidal and soluble fractions of secondary effluent organic matter to the irreversible fouling of MF and UF hollow fibre membranes, Separation and Purification Technology, 170 (2016) 109-115.
[291] Y. Xiong, M. Harb, P.-Y. Hong, Characterization of biofoulants illustrates different membrane fouling mechanisms for aerobic and anaerobic membrane bioreactors, Separation and Purification Technology, 157 (2016) 192-202.
[292] J. Bartacek, J. Zabranska, P.N.L. Lens, Developments and constraints in fermentative hydrogen production, Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, 1 (2007) 201-214.
[293] J. Shayegan, F. Ghavipanjeh, P. Mirjafari, The effect of influent COD and upward flow velocity on the behaviour of sulphate-reducing bacteria, Process Biochemistry, 40 (2005) 2305-2310.
[294] D. Jeison, C.M. Plugge, A. Pereira, J.B.v. Lier, Effects of the acidogenic biomass on the performance of an anaerobic membrane bioreactor for wastewater treatment, Bioresource Technology, 100 (2009) 1951-1956.
[295] Y. Zhao, C. Feng, Q. Wang, Y. Yang, Z. Zhang, N. Sugiura, Nitrate removal from groundwater by cooperating heterotrophic with autotrophic denitrification in a biofilm–electrode reactor, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 192 (2011) 1033-1039.
All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved. The use of items is governed by Spectrum's terms of access.

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads per month over past year

Back to top Back to top