Login | Register

Communicating science policy controversies: How the fields of science journalism, science and politics interact through the lens of Bourdieu’s conceptual triad

Title:

Communicating science policy controversies: How the fields of science journalism, science and politics interact through the lens of Bourdieu’s conceptual triad

Joseph, Shereen (2016) Communicating science policy controversies: How the fields of science journalism, science and politics interact through the lens of Bourdieu’s conceptual triad. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

[img]
Preview
Text (application/pdf)
Joseph_MA_S2017.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution No Derivatives.
601kB

Abstract

Science controversies and how they play out in the media can affect national policy. Examining how these debates are communicated sheds light on the underlying motivations of certain players that have a stake in the outcome. Looking at the communication of science policy controversies gives us a glimpse into the alliances or oppositions between these players. This thesis examined how three key fields – politics, science and science journalism – interacted to shape how selected science policy controversies are communicated. This examination allows us to situate the stance of science journalists relative to the fields of science and politics, and gain better insight into their motivations when participating in the debate on science policy controversies. Three examples of science policy controversies are investigated. The first two examples (the implementation of a national science policy and the application of an environmental policy) are culled from the Science Forum, which is a journal published in the 1970s. This historical example of Canadian national science policy debates is employed to situate the third more contemporary example of science policy controversy – the ‘muzzling’ of government scientists. Pierre Bourdieu’s conceptual triad of practice, habitus and social fields is used as a historicized methodological tool to map the social interactions found in the science policy controversies examined. This theoretical approach also provides a deeper analysis of the patterns of interaction that emerged.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Journalism
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Joseph, Shereen
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A.
Program:Journalism Studies
Date:22 November 2016
Thesis Supervisor(s):Secko, David
Keywords:Science journalism, science policy, science controversy, Bourdieu, field theory, science policy history, muzzling scientists, environmental policy, national science policy, Science Forum
ID Code:982402
Deposited By: SHEREEN JOSEPH
Deposited On:09 Jun 2017 13:38
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:55

References:

Albert, M. & Kleinman, D. (2011). Bringing Pierre Bourdieu to science and technology studies. Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning & Policy, 49(3), 263-273.
Allgaier, J., Dunwoody, S., Brossard, D., Lo, Y., & Peters, H. P. (2013). Medialized science? Journalism Practice, 7(4), 413-429.
Amber, A. (2015). Worst government ever. Review of Freedom of Expression in Canada:
2014-2105. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Journalists for Freedom of Expression.
https://cjfe.org/2015review
Amend, E., & Barney, D. (2016). Getting it right: Canadian conservatives and the "war on science". Canadian Journal of Communication, 41(1), 9-35.
Anderson, A. A., Brossard, D., & Scheufele, D. A. (2012). News coverage of controversial emerging technologies. Association for Politics & the Life Sciences. Politics Life Sci, 31 (1-2), 87-96.
Andersson, K. (2008). Transparency and accountability in science and politics : The awareness principle. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire; New York, N.Y.: Palgrave Macmillan.
Ashman, K., & Baringer, P. (2001). After the science wars: Science and the study of science. New York, NY: Routledge.
Atkinson-Grosjean, J., House, D., & Fisher, D. (2001). Canadian science policy and public research organisations in the 20 th century. Science Studies, 14(1), 3.
Aucoin, P. (1986). Organizational Change in the Machinery of Canadian Government: From Rational Management to Brokerage Politics. Canadian Journal of Political Science, 19 (1), 3-27.
Austen, I. (2006). Debate on global warming helps produce a brisk seller. New York
Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/05/01/business/worldbusiness/01environment.html
Aykut, S. C., Comby, J., & Guillemot, H. (2012). Climate change controversies in french mass media 1990–2010. New York: Routledge.
Barney, Darin. (2007). The culture of technology in Canada. Canadian Issues/Themes
Canadiens, Winter, 28-31.
Bates, D.V. (1977). Opening up governmental decision-making. Science Forum
(Editorial), 10 (5), 2.
Bauer, M. W., & Bucchi, M. (2007). Journalism, science and society :Science communication between news and public relations. New York: Routledge.
Beacco, J., Claudel, C., Doury, M., Petit, G., & Reboul-Toure, S. (2002). Science in media and social discourse: New channels of communication, new linguistic forms. Discourse Studies, 4(3), 277.
Bell, A. (2012). Why Canada’s scientists need our support. The Guardian. http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2012/jul/11/canada-scientists-strike-protests
Berkowitz, D. (1992). “Who Sets the Media Agenda? The Ability of Policymakers to
Determine News Decisions.” In Public Opinion, the Press, and Public Policy, J.D. Kennamer (ed), 81-102. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Birchard, K. and Lewington, J. (2013) Researchers protest Canada’s new restrictions on
sharing data. Chronicle of Higher Education, March 25.
http://chronicle.com/article/Researchers-Protest-Canadian/138111

Blumler & Gurevitch (1981) in Handbook of political communication. Nimmo, D. D., &
Sanders, K. R. (eds). Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.

Bocking, S. (2007). Science and Spaces in the Northern Environment. Environment
History, 12 (4): 867-94.
Boukes, M., Boomgaarden, H. G., Moorman, M., & de Vreese, C. H. (2015). Political news with a personal touch: How human interest framing indirectly affects policy attitudes. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 92(1), 121-141.
Bourdieu, P. (1969). Intellectual Field and the Creative Project. Social Science
Information, 8(2), 89-119.

Bourdieu, P. (1985). “Forms of capital” in Handbook of theory and research for the
sociology of education, J.C. Richardson (ed), 241–58. Westport, CT: Greenwood.

Bourdieu, P. (1988). Homo Academicus. Standford: Standford University Press.

Bourdieu, P. (1990). In other words: Essays toward a reflexive sociology. Oxford: Polity.

Bourdieu, P. (1993). Sociology in question [Questions de sociologie]. London; Thousand
Oaks, California: Sage.
Bourdieu, P. (1998). On television [Sur la television]. New York: New Press.
Bourdieu, P. (2005). “The Political Field, the Social Science Field, and the Journalistic Field” in. Bourdieu and the Journalistic Field, Benson, R. & E. Neveu. (eds.), 29-47. Cambridge, MA: Polity Press.
Bourdieu, P., & Nice, R. (2004). Science of science and reflexivity [Science de la science
et réflexivité]. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Boyce, T. (2006). Journalism and expertise. Journalism Studies, 7(6), 889-906.
Brewer, P. R., Wise, D., & Ley, B. L. (2014). Chemical controversy: Canadian and US news coverage of the scientific debate about bisphenol A. Environmental Communication, 8(1), 21-38.
Brossard, D. (2009). Media, scientific journals and science communication: Examining the construction of scientific controversies. Public Understanding of Science, 18(3), 258-274.
Bucchi, M., & Trench, B. (2008). Handbook of public communication of science and technology. London; New York, NY: Routledge.
Burchell, G. (1996). “Liberal Government and Techniques of the Self” in Foucault and political Reason: Liberalism, Neoliberalism, and the Rationalities of Government, A. Barry, T. Osborne and N. Rose (eds.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Burkitt, I. (2002). Technologies of the self: Habitus and capacities. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 32(2), 219.
Calamai, P. (1970). How governments play the pollution game. Science Forum (Comment), 3 (3), 14.
Calamai, P. (1971). Trudeau's technocrats telegraph their punches. Science Forum (Comment), 4 (3), 16.
Calamai, P. (1971). Calculating the Payoffs from Basic Research. Science Forum
(Editorial), 4 (6), 2.

Calhoun C. (2002). “Symbolic capital” in Dictionary of the Social Sciences, Calhoun ,C.
(ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Canadian Journalists for Free Expression (2015). Sixth Annual Review of Free
Expression in Canada, 2014-2015.
https://cjfe.0rg/sites/default/files/2015Review/2015_Review_Double.pdf

Canadian Policy Research Networks (CPRN) (2009). About CPRN.
http://www.cprn.org/page.cfm?page.124

Cardinal, F. 2012. La censure. La Presse (Editorial).
http://www.lapresse.ca/debats/editoriaux/francois-cardinal/201203/09/01-4504113-la-censure.php
Carey, J. W. (2009). Communication as culture: Essays on media and society (rev ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.
Carruthers, J. (1971). Politics vs science in the federal health department. Science
Forum (Comment), 4(3), 20.

Carruthers, J. (1973). Political interference in the health protection branch. Science
Forum, 6(3), 19-20.

Carruthers, J. (1973). Sensationalism at the NRC, or should the pot call the kettle black?
Science Forum (Comment), 6 (1), 37

Carruthers, J. (1974). The first three years of the science ministry: what has been
achieved? Science Forum, 7(5), 8-11.

Carruthers, J. (1974). The first three years of the science ministry: what has been
achieved? Science Forum, 7(5), 8-11.

Carruthers, J. (1975). The science ministry takes on a new look. Science Forum
(Comment), 8(5), 13.

Carruthers, J. (1979). The Lord Giveth and the Lord Taketh Away. Science Forum
(Science Policy), 12(1), 44.
Carvalho, A. (2007). Ideological cultures and media discourses on scientific knowledge: Re-reading news on climate change. Public Understanding of Science, 16(2), 223-243.
CBC News (2013) Muzzling scientists? February 21.
http://www.cbc.ca/player/News/Politics/ID/2337443785/
Ceccarelli, L. (2011). Manufactured scientific controversy: Science, rhetoric, and public debate. Rhetoric & Public Affairs, 14(2), 195-228.
Clarke, C. E. (2008). Questions of accuracy and balance: The autism-vaccine controversy in the U.S. and British elite press. Conference Papers - International Communication Association, 1-45.
COBB, R. W., & Elder, C. D. (1971). Politics of agenda-building: An alternative perspective for modern democratic theory. Journal of Politics, 33, 892-915.
Cohen, B. (1978). Canadian Industrial "Strength." R&D the weakest link. Science Forum, 11(1), 9.
Collins, H.M. (1985). Changing Order: Replication and Induction in Scientific Practice. London: SAGE.
Cowan, J. (1977). Research lobbying: choosing the next step. Science Forum
(Comment), 10 (1), 22.
CSWA (2016). Let Canadian Scientists Speak. Accessed July 30, 2016. http://sciencewriters.ca/initiatives/muzzling_canadian_federal_scientists/
CSWA (2012). Open letter to Prime Minister Harper. Prime Minister, please unmuzzle the scientists. CSWA website. Accessed June 2016. http://sciencewriters.ca/2012/02/16/prime-minister-please-unmuzzle-the-scientists/
Curry, B. (2009). Global warming critics appointed to science boards. Globe and Mail.
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/global-warming-critics-appointed-to-science-boards/articleii96o58/

Davidson, A. (2012). Ottawa to slash environment review role. CBC News - Politics.
http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/ottawa-to-slash-environment-review-role-1.1158340
Davis, A. (2010). Forms of capital and mobility in the political field: Applying bourdieu's conceptual framework to UK party politics. British Politics, 5(2), 202-223.
de la Mothe, J. (1992). A Dollar Short and a Day Late: A Note on the Demise of the Science Council of Canada. Queen’s Quarterly, 99(4), 873-886.
de la Mothe, J. & Paquet, G (1994). Circumstantial Evidence: A Note on Science Policy in Canada. Science and Public Policy, 21(4), 261-268.
Democracy Watch (2013a). Groups file complaint with federal Information
Commissioner calling for investigation of muzzling of federal scientists.
http://democracywatch.ca/20130220-complaint-filed-over-muzzling-scientists/

Democracy Watch (2013b). Muzzling government scientists: A threat to democracy.
http://democracywatch.ca/wp-content/uploads/OpenGovReportJan2U3.pdf

De Souza, M. (2010). Climate-change scientists feel “muzzled” by Ottawa: Documents.
http://www.canada.com/news/Climate.change.scientists.feel.muzzled.Ottawa.Documents/2684065/story.html

Dotto, L. (1973). SCITEC: still groping in search of a role? Science Forum (Comment),
6(4), 19.
Douglas, H. (2013). Canadian science under attack. The Scientist.
http://www.thescientist.com/Particles.view/articIeNo/34958/title/Opinion—Canadian-Science-Under-Attack/
Douglas, H. (2015). Reshaping science: The trouble with the corporate model in Canadian government. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 71(2), 88-97.
Dufour, P. and de la Mothe, J. (1993). The Historical Conditioning of S&T in Science and Technology in Canada, P. Dufour and J. de la Mothe (eds.). London: Longman.
Duncan, K. (2015). Restoring #science to its rightful place in the #GOC starting with
climate change briefing. [TWeet].
https://twitter.com/ScienceMin/status/668897971950473216
du Plessis, H. (2015). The media and science communication: Exploring the complexity of communicating science in South Africa. China Media Research, 11(1), 46-54.
Dunwoody (2008). In Handbook of public communication of
science and technology, in Bucchi, M., & Trench, B. London; New York, NY: Routledge.

Dunwoody, S. (2014). Science journalism. Routledge Handbook of Public
Communication of Science and Technology, 27

Endres, D. (2010). Expanding Notions of Scientific Argument: A Case Study of the Use
of Scientific Argument by American Indians in Communicating science: New agendas in communication, Kahlor, L., & Stout, P. A. (eds.). New York, NY: Routledge.

Enei, G. (2014). Modernizing library system. Ottawa Citizen (letter). Accessed June
2016. http://ottawacitizen.com/news/national/modernizing-library-system
Entwistle, J., & Rocamora, A. (2006). The field of fashion materialized: A study of London fashion week. Sociology, 40(4), 735-751.
Epstein, S. (1996). Impure science: AIDS, activism, and the politics of knowledge. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Expert Panel on Federal Support to Research and Development. (2011). Innovation
Canada: A call to action. Ottawa: Public Works and Government Services Canada http://rd-review.ca/eic/site/033-nsf/vwapj/R-D_InnovationCanada_Final-eng.pdf/$FILE/R-D_InnovationCanada_Final-eng.pdf
Expert Panel on Commercialization (2006). People and Excellence: The Heart of Successful Commercialization, Volume I. Ottawa: Public Works and Government Services Canada. http://dsp-psd.pwgsc.gc.ca/Collection/Iu4-78-2006E-I.pdf
Fahy, D., & Nisbet, M. C. (2011). The science journalist online: Shifting roles and emerging practices. Journalism, 12(7), 778-793.
Findlay, S. & Dufour, P. (2013). Why Canada needs a science watchdog. Ipolitics website. Accessed June 2016. http://ipolitics.ca/2013/11/18/why-canada-needs-a-science-watchdog/
Forsyth, P.A. (1972). Let's Take the Secrecy out of Science Policy. Science Forum (Editorial), 5 (6), 2.
Fossum, J. (1997). Oil, the State, and Federalism: The Rise and Demise of Petro-Canada as a Statist Impulse. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Fulford, R. (1977). Waste – the New Pornography. Saturday Night, 92 (2), 21.
Fuller, L. K. (2011). The Christian Science Monitor: An evolving experiment in journalism. Santa Barbara: California Praeger.
Gamson, W. & Modigliani, A. (1989). Media discourse and public-opinion on nuclear-power - a constructionist approach. American Journal of Sociology, 95(1), 1-37.
Gatehouse, J. (2013). When science goes silent. Maclean’s. http://www.macleans.ca/news/canada/when-science-goes-silent/
Gibbons, M., Limoges, C., Nowotny, H., Schwartzman, S., Scott, P., & Trow,
M. (1994). The new production of knowledge: The dynamics of science and research in contemporary societies. London, UK: SAGE.
Gibbs, K. 2013. Where are all the MPs with PhDs? Ipolitics website. Accessed June 2016. http://ipolitics.ca/2013/11/17/where-are-all-the-mps-with-phds/.
Glassco Report (1962). Royal Commission on Government Organization. Ottawa: Queen’s Printer.
Gough, M. (2003). Politicizing science: The alchemy of policymaking. Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press.
Greenwood, C. & Sandborn, C. (2013). Muzzling civil servants: A threat to democracy? Environmental Law Clinic, University of Victoria. http://www.elc.uvic.ca/press/documents/2012-03-04-Democracy-Watch_OIPLtr_Feb20.13-with-attachment.pdf
Grenfell, M. (2008). Pierre Bourdieu: Key concepts. Stocksfield, England: Acumen.
Grenfell, M. (2012). Pierre Bourdieu: Key concepts (2nd ed.). Stocksfield England:
Acumen.
Grenfell, M., & James, D. (2004). Change in the field - changing the field: Bourdieu and the methodological practice of educational research. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 25(4), 507-523.
Gwyn, S. (1977). Pioneers of Elegant Frugality. Saturday Night 92(2), 29-36.
Hallap, T. (2004). Science communication and science policy: Estonian media discourse on the genetic database project. TRAMES: A Journal of the Humanities & Social Sciences, 8(1), 217-240.
Halliwell, J., & Smith, W. (2011). Paradox and potential: Trends in science policy and practice in Canada and New Zealand. Prometheus, 29(4), 373-391.
Harnett C.E. (2012). Killer whale expert out of work as Ottawa cuts ocean-pollution
monitoring positions. National Post, May 20. http://news.nationalpost.com/2012/05/20/killerwhale-expert-out-of-work-as-ottawa-cuts-oceanpollution-monitoring-positions/
Hayes, R. (1973). The Chaining of Prometheus: Evolution of a Power Structure for Canadian Science. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Herzberg, G. (1970). The dangers of science policy to the creative scientist. Science Forum (Comment), 3(1), 28.
Hilgartner, S. (1990). The dominant view of popularization: Conceptual problems, political uses. Social Studies of Science, 20(3), 519-539.
Hoag, H. (2008). Canada abolishes its national science adviser. Nature, 451, 505. http://www.nature.com/news/2008/080130/full/451505a.html.
Holdsworth, D. (2002). Science, politics and science policy in Canada: Steps towards a renewed critical inquiry. Journal of Canadian Studies, 37(3), 14.
Holmes, B. (2013). How Canada’s green credentials fell apart. New Scientist, October
22. http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21328585.900-how-canadas-green-credentials-fellapart.html#.U-koVEjY8fE

Huffington Post Canada (2013). New York Times Editorial Board: Harper Conservatives
Aim To 'Guarantee Public Ignorance'. Accessed Oct 12, 2014. http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2013/09/23/new-york-times-harper-conservatives-science_n_3975521.html?utm_hp_ref=stifling-science

Innovation Canada (2011). A Call for Action: Review of Federal Support to Research and
Development – Expert Panel Report. Ottawa: Government of Canada.

Irving, T. (2012). Come Talk to Me: Un-Muzzling Government Scientists. Tyler Irving
Blog. Accessed June 2012. http://tylerirving.ca/?p=483
Jamieson, D. (1996). Scientific uncertainty and the political process. Annals of the American Academy of Political & Social Science, 545, 35.
Jasanoff, S. S. (1987). Contested boundaries in policy-relevant science. Social Studies of Science, 17(2), 195-230.
Jasanoff, S.S. (1990). The Fifth Branch: Science Advisers as Policymakers. Cambridge,
MA: Harvard University Press.
Jensen, E. (2010). Between credulity and scepticism: Envisaging the fourth estate in 21st-century science journalism. Media, Culture & Society, 32(4), 615-630.
Kahan, D.M. (2014). Vaccine risk perceptions and ad hoc risk communication: An
empirical assessment. CCP Risk Perception Studies Report, 17. http://ssm.com/abstract=2386o34
Kennedy, S. (2013). Biting through the muzzle on science. Ipolitics website. Accessed June 2016. http://ipolitics.ca/2013/11/04/biting-through-the-muzzle-on-science/.
Kerckhove, D. and Phipps, J.A. (2013). The Open Data effect: a tool to keep governments honest. Ipolitics website. Accessed June 2016. http://ipolitics.ca/2013/11/12/the-open-data-effect-a-tool-to-keep-governments-honest/
Kershaw, K.A. (1971). Has the Message Got Through? Science Forum (Editorial), 4(5), 2.
Klinkenborg, V. (2013). Silencing scientists. New York Times.
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/22/opinion/sunday/silencing-scientists.html/_r=0
Laidler, K.J. (1974). Lamontagne III: a serious fault. Science Forum (Letters), 7(1), inside back cover.
Laidley, T. (2013). Climate, class and culture: Political issues as cultural signifiers in the US. Sociological Review, 61(1), 153-171.
Laslo, E., Baram-Tsabari, A., & Lewenstein, B. V. (2011). A growth medium for the message: Online science journalism affordances for exploring public discourse of science and ethics. Journalism, 12(7), 847-870.
Lévi-Lloyd, J.A. (1989). Canada’s Search for a Science Policy and the Role of the Science Council in Articulating Science Policy Issues from 1966 to 1980. PhD dissertation, Université de Montréal.
Levine, A. D. (2006). Research policy and the mobility of US stem cell scientists. Nature Biotechnology, 24(7), 865-866.
Lewenstein, B.V. (1995). “Science and the Media,” in S. Jasanoff, G.E. Markle, J.C.

Linnitt, C. (2013). Harper’s attack on science: No science, no evidence, no truth, no
democracy. Academic Matters: The Journal of Higher Education. http://www.academicmatters.ca/2013/05/harpers-attack-on-sdence-no-science-no-evidence-no-truth-nodemocracy/

Lewis D. (1969). Without a science minister policy is haphazard. Science Forum
(Letters), 2(1), inside front cover.
Lingard, B., & Rawolle, S. (2004). Mediatizing educational policy: The journalistic field, science policy, and cross-field effects. Journal of Education Policy, 19(3), 361-380.
Lock, C.J.L. (1969). A pollution control plan for co-operative action. Science Forum
(Letters), 2(6), inside front cover.
Lotz, J. (1978). Oil spills in the Arctic spell disaster. Science Forum (Biology), 11(4), 54.
Logan, R. A. (2001). Science mass communication: Its conceptual history. Science Communication, 23(2), 135.
Lotz, J. (1974). A broker and buffer between government and people. Science Forum (Comment), 7(6), 23.
Lupia, A. (2013). Communicating science in politicized environments. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 14048-14054.
MacGregor, S. (2013). Barriers to the influence of evidence on policy: Are politicians the problem? Drugs: Education, Prevention & Policy, 20(3), 225-233.
Maine, F.W. (1976). The Significance of the RCA Laboratories Closure. Science Forum
(Editorial), 9(5), 2.
Magnuson-Ford, K. & Gibbs, K. (2014). Can scientists speak? Report, Evidence for
Democracy/Simon Fraser University. http://evidencefordemocracy.ca/canscientistsspeak
Mancini, M. (2013a). Science cuts and muzzling in Canada: How Conservatives
reshaped a discipline. Huffington Post Canada. http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2013/04/3o/science-cuts-muzzling-canada-conservatives_n_3ii2348.html

Mancini, M. (2013b). Science cuts in Canada: PEARL, ELA among many on Tories’ hit
list. Huffington Post Canada, May 1. http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2013/05/01/science-cuts-canadapearl-ela_n_3162105.html

Mancini, M. (2013c). Science cuts: Ottawa views pure science as “cash cow” critics say.
Huffington Post Canada, May 7. http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2013/05/07/sciencecuts-canada_n_ 3228151.html

Marshall, J. (1976). Aiming for the Efficient, No-Waste Society. Globe and Mail,
December 13.
Martin, B. and Richards, E. (1995). “Scientific Knowledge, Controversy, and Public
Decision Making,” in Handbook of Science and Technology Studies in S.
Jasanoff, G.E. Markle, J.C. Petersen and T. Pinch (eds.). Thousands Oaks, CA:
SAGE.

McGuire, W. (2016). Cross-field effects of science policy on the biosciences: Using
Bourdieu’s relational methodology to understand change, Minerva, 54, 325-351.
McNay, L. (1999). Gender, habitus and the field. Theory, Culture & Society, 16(1), 95-117.
Melville, W., Hardy, I., & Bartley, A. (2011). Bourdieu, department chairs and the reform of science education. International Journal of Science Education, 33(16), 2275-2293.
Mikulak, A. (2011). Mismatches between 'scientific' and 'non-scientific' ways of knowing and their contributions to public understanding of science. Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science, 45(2), 201-215.
Moase, N. (2014). Effort to save Mersey Biodiversity Centre fails. Queens County
Advance, February 13. http://www.theadvance.ca/News/2014-02-13/article-3614750/Effort-to-save-Mersey-biodiversity-centre-fails/1
Moirand, S. (2003). Communicative and cognitive dimensions of discourse on science in the French mass media. Discourse Studies, 5(2), 175.
Morrison, J.A.M. (1974) Academic Research: Down, Perhaps on the Way Out. Science Forum (Editorial), 7(3), 2.
Morrison, J.A.M. (1975). We can't restrict scientists and get unexpected finds. Science
Forum (Comment), 8(5), 15.

Mukerji, Chandra (2007). "Controversy Studies" in Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology.
Ritzer, G. (ed). Blackwell Publishing, 2007. Blackwell Reference Online. Accessed 12 October, 2014.

Munro, M. (2014) Federal government puts polar briefings on ice. Postmedia News,
August 14. http://o.canada.com/news/federal-government-puts-polar-briefings-on-ice
Myles, J. (2010). Bourdieu, language and the media. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire; New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Nash, H (ed.) (1979). The Energy Controversy: Soft Path Questions and Answers. San
Francisco: Friends of the Earth.

Nature (2012a). Frozen out. Nature, 483(6), 6.
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v483/n7387/full/483006a.html?WT.ec_id=NATURE-20120301

Nature (2012b). Death of evidence. Nature, 487, 271-271.
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v487/ n7407/full/487271b.html
National Advisory Board on Science and Technology (1995). Healthy, Wealthy and Wise: A Framework for an Integrated Federal Science and Technology Strategy, Report to the Prime Minister of Canada, Ottawa.
National Research Council Canada (NRC) (2013). Open for business: Refocused NRC
will benefit Canadian industries. Accessed May 7, 2016. http://www.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/eng/news/releases/2013/nrc_ business.html
National Research Council Canada (NRC) (2014). Concierge service. Accessed September 1, 2016. http://www.nrccnrc.gc.ca/eng/irap/concierge/
Nelkin, D. (1992). Controversy: Politics of technical decisions (3rd ed.). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Nelkin, D. (1995). Selling science: How the press covers science and technology (rev. ed.). New York: W.H. Freeman.
Neufeld, J. (2013). Blinded to science: The plight of basic research in Canada. Ipolitics website. Accessed June 2016. http://ipolitics.ca/2013/10/21/blinded-to-science-the-plight-of-basic-research-in-canada/
Neveu, E., & Benson, R. D. (2005). Bourdieu and the journalistic field. Cambridge; Malden, MA: Polity.
Nikiforuk, A. (2013). What’s driving chaotic dismantling of Canada’s science libraries?
The Tyee (2013). http://thetyee.ca/News/2013/12/23/Canadian-Science-Libraries/
Nisbet, M. C., Brossard, D., & Kroepsch, A. (2003). Framing science: The stem cell controversy in an age of press/politics. International Journal of Press/Politics, 8(2), 36-70.
Nisbet, M. C., & Huge, M. (2006). Attention cycles and frames in the plant biotechnology debate: Managing power and participation through the Press/Policy connection. Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics, 11(2), 3-40.
Nisbet, M. C., & Lewenstein, B. V. (2002). Biotechnology and the American media: The policy process and the elite press, 1970 to 1999. Science Communication, 23(4), 359.
Nowotny, H., Scott, P. & Gibbons, M. (2001). Re-thinking science: Knowledge and the
public in an age of uncertainty. Cambridge, MA: Polity Press.

Nyland, E. et al. (1973). Alberta physicists assess the Lamontagne report. Science
Forum (Letters), 6(2), inside front cover.

OECD (1969). Reviews of National Science Policy: Canada. Paris: OECD.
O’Connor, R. (2014). The First Green Wave: Pollution Probe and the Origins of the
Environmental Activism in Ontario. Vancouver: UBC Press.

O'Hara, K. (2010). Canada must free scientists to talk to journalists. Nature 467, 501.
Accessed June 2016. http://www.nature.com/news/2010/100929/full/467501a.html.
Olausson, U. (2009). Global warming-global responsibility? Media frames of collective action and scientific certainty. Public Understanding of Science, 18(4), 421-436.
Palda, K. (1979). The Science Council’s Weakest Link: A Critique of the Science
Council’s Technocratic Industrial Strategy for Canada. Vancouver: Fraser Institute.
Palfreman, J. (2006). The rise and fall of power line EMFs: The anatomy of a magnetic controversy. Review of Policy Research, 23(2), 453-472.
Parr, J. G. (1969). Getting together with Progressive Conservative thinkers. Science
Forum (Comment), 2(6), 20.

Parr, J.G. (1976). Could scientific R&D survive conserver society restraints? Science
Forum (Letters), 9(5), inside front cover.
Peters, H. P. (1995). The interaction of journalists and scientific experts: Co-operation and conflict between two. Media, Culture & Society, 17(1), 31.
Peters, H.P. & Heinrichs, H. (2005). Öffentliche Kommunikation über Klimawandel und Sturmflutrisiken: Bedeutungskonstruktion durch Experten, Journalisten und Bürger.
Jülich: Forschungszentrum Jülich.
Pieczka, M., & Escobar, O. (2013). Dialogue and science: Innovation in policy-making and the discourse of public engagement in the UK. Science & Public Policy, 40(1), 113-126.
Pielke Jr., R. (2008). Science and politics. Harvard International Review.
Pielke Jr., R. (2007). Decipher the roles of science, policy and politics: Q&A with author Roger Pielke Jr. Geotimes, 52(11), 46-47.
Pielke Jr., R. (2004). When scientists politicize science: Making sense of controversy over the skeptical environmentalist. Environmental Science & Policy, 7(5), 405-417.
Pielke Jr., R. A. (2010). The myth of objective scientists. Issues in Science & Technology, 27(2), 94-95.
Porter, T. (1995). Trust in Numbers: The Pursuit of Objectivity in Science and Public Life. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Professional Institute of the Public Service of Canada (PIPSC) (2013). The big chill: Silencing public interest science. Communications Magazine, 39(3). http://www.pipsc.ca/portal/page/portal/website/news/magazine/autumn2013/3.
Raj, A. (2013). Experimental Lakes Area: Lake 227: research could be saved, scientists
say. Huffington Post Canada, May7. http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2013/05/07/experimental-lakesarea-lake-227_n_3233171.html
Rawolle, S., & Lingard, B. (2008). The sociology of pierre bourdieu and researching education policy. Journal of Education Policy, 23(6), 729-741.
Reisman, S.S. (1970). Reisman: no form of research is unsupported in Canada. Science Forum (Letters), 3(6), inside back cover.
Reyes, A. (2011). Strategies of legitimization in political discourse: From words to actions. Discourse & Society, 22(6), 781-807.
Ross, A. (ed). (1996). Science wars. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Rothman, S. (1990). Journalists, broadcasters, scientific experts and public opinion. Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning & Policy, 28(2), 117-133.
Sandelowski, M., & Barroso, J. (2003a). Creating metasummaries of qualitative findings. Nursing Research, 52(4), 226-233.
Sandelowski, M., & Barroso, J. (2003b). Writing the proposal for a qualitative research methodology project. Qualitative Health Research, 13(6), 781.
Sarewitz, D. (2004). How science makes environmental controversies worse. Environmental Science & Policy, 7(5), 385-403.
Sarewitz, D. (2006). Liberating science from politics. American Scientist, 94(2), 104-106.
Sarewitz, D., & Pielke, R. A. (2007). The neglected heart of science policy: Reconciling supply of and demand for science. Environmental Science & Policy, 10(1), 5-16.
Sauvé, M-R, Pilon, F., Amber, A., McMahon, P., Fleury, J-M. & Corbett, G. (2012). Le Devoir. Science - Liberté pour les chercheurs canadiens. Accessed June, 2016. http://www.ledevoir.com/politique/canada/342799/science-liberte-pour-les-chercheurs-canadiens.
Segerstrale, U. (ed). (2000). Beyond the science wars: The missing discourse about
science and society. Stony Brook, NY: SUNY Press.

Senate Special Committee on Science Policy [The Lamontagne Report] (1968-1977). A
Science Policy for Canada. Report of the Senate Special Committee on Science Policy. 3 Vols. Ottawa: Government of Canada.
Scharper, S.B. (2012). Are Canadian Federal Scientists beng Muzzled? The Star (Editorial Opinion). Accessed June 2016. https://www.thestar.com/opinion/editorialopinion/2012/02/26/is_the_conservative_government_muzzling_federal_scientists.html
Scheufele, D. (2011). Modern citizenship or policy dead end? Evaluating the need for
public participation in science policy making, and why public meetings may not be the answer. Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy Research Paper Series. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Scheufele, D. (2013). Communicating science in social settings. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 14040-14047.
Scheufele, D. (2014). Science communication as political communication. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111, 13585-13592.
Science Council of Canada (1968). Report No. 4: Towards a National Science policy for Canada. Ottawa: Queen’s Printer.
Science Council of Canada (SCC) (1973). Report 19: Natural Resource Policy Issues in Canada. Ottawa: Information Canada.
Science Council of Canada (1977). Report No. 27: Canada as a Conserver Society: Resource Uncertainties and the Need for New Technologies. Ottawa: SCC.
Science Forum (1968). Helping to Close the Gap. Science Forum (Editorial), 1(1), 2.
Science Forum (1973). After Six Years, New Needs, New Responses. Science Forum (Editorial), 6(6), 2.
Siapera, E. & Spyridou, L-P. (2012). The Field of Online Journalism: A Bourdieusian
Analysis. In Siapera E. and A. Veglis (eds), The Handbook of Global Online Journalism. London: Blackwell Publishing.

Sigal, L. (1973). Reporters and Officials: The Organization and Politics of Newsmaking.
Lexington, MA: Heath.
Smith, A. (2006). 'Beyond a boundary' (of a 'field of cultural production'). Theory, Culture & Society, 23(4), 95-112.
Sokal, A. & Bricmont, J. (1998). Fashionable nonsense: Postmodern intellectuals’ abuse
of science. New York, NY: Picador.
Solandt, O. M. (1970). The OECD report: achieving a better balance. Science Forum (Letters), 3(1), inside front cover.
Sontag, S. (2003). Regarding the pain of others, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
Spruijt, P., Knol, A. B., Petersen, A. C., & Lebret, E. (2015). Different roles of electromagnetic field experts when giving policy advice: An expert consultation. Environmental Health: A Global Access Science Source, 14(1), 1-10.
Spurgeon, D. (1969). The Eleventh Hour on Our Last Frontier. Science Forum (Editorial), 2(1), 2.
Spurgeon, D. (1971). Why Scientists Must Get Into Politics. Science Forum (Editorial), 4(4), 2.
Spurgeon, D. (1973). Searching for a Leader. Science Forum (Editorial), 6(5), 2.
Spurgeon D. (1973). SCITEC forum on science policy: the many voices of science in Canada. Science Forum, 31 (Suppl), 18.

Spurgeon, D. (1975). Somebody out here is listening. Science Forum, 8(3), 21.

Spurgeon, D. (1978). A new magazine for a new era. Science Forum, 11(1), 5.

Steacie, E.W.R. (1965). Science in Canada. Selections from the speeches of E.W.R.
Steacie. J.D. Babbitt (ed.). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Sullivan, J.A. (1971). A minority of one in the Senate committee. Science Forum
(Letters), 4(2), 4.
Sutherland, W. J., Bellingan, L., Bellingham, J. R., Blackstock, J. J., Bloomfield, R. M., Bravo, M., & Godfray, H. C. (2012). A collaboratively-derived science-policy research agenda. Plos One, 7(3), 1-5.
Suzuki, D. (1976). Hazards of a public profile. Science Forum (Viewpoint), 9(4), 24.
Suzuki, D. (2013). Muzzling scientists is an assault on democracy. Huffington Post
Canada. http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/david-suzuki/muzzling-science_b_3047571.html

Taylor, S. 2013. Why don't cabinet ministers know anything about science? Ipolitics
website. Accessed June 2016. http://ipolitics.ca/2013/10/20/why-dont-cabinet-ministers-know-anything-about-science/
Ten Eyck, T. A., & Williment, M. (2004). The more things change …: Milk pasteurization, food irradiation, and biotechnology in the New York Times. Social Science Journal, 41(1), 29.
Thistle, M. (1966). The Inner Ring: The Early History of the National Research Council of Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Toronto Star (2011). Canada first nation to withdraw from Kyoto Protocol.
http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2011/12/12/canada_first_nation_to_withdraw_from_kyoto_protocol.html#

Toronto Star (2013). Harper government’s NRC makeover is short-sighted and wrong-
headed.
http://www.thestar.com/opinion/editorials/2013/05/13/harper_governments_nrc_makeover_is_shortsighted_and_wrongheaded_editorial.html
Toronto Star (2014). The real concerns about Ottawa's 'libricide': Editorial. Accessed June 2016. https://www.thestar.com/opinion/editorials/2014/01/13/the_real_concerns_about_ottawas_libricide_editorial.html
Toronto Star (2014). Canada needs a brighter federal science policy. http://www.thestar.com/opinion/editorials/2014/12/29/canada_needs_a_brighter_federal_science_policy_editorial.html
Trim, H. (2015). Planning the future: The conserver society and Canadian sustainability. Canadian Historical Review, 96(3),375-404.
Tuchman, G. (1978). Making News: A Study in the Construction of Reality. New York: Free Press.
Turner, Chris. (2013). The war on science: Muzzled scientists and willful blindness in
Stephen Harper's Canada. Toronto, ON: Greystone.
Visser-deVries, A.F. (2015). CSWA/ACRS celebrates 45th Anniversary. CSWA website.
Accessed September 15, 2016. http://sciencewriters.ca/3581627
Voices-Voix (2011). Canadian Policy Research Networks. May 25. http://voices- voix.ca/en/facts/profile/canadian-policy-researchnetworks

Voices-Voix (2014). Canadian Foundation for Climate and Atmospheric Sciences.
August 23. http://voices-voix.ca/en/facts/profile/canadianfoundation-climate-and-atmospheric-sciences
Wacquant, L. J. D. (1989). Towards a reflexive sociology a workshop with Pierre Bourdieu. Sociological Theory, 7(1), 26-63.
Wacquant, L. J. D. (2005). Pierre Bourdieu and Democratic Politics. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Ward, M. D., Metternich, N. W., Dorff, C. L., Gallop, M., Hollenbach, F. M., Schultz, A., & Weschle, S. (2013). Learning from the past and stepping into the future: Toward a new generation of conflict prediction. International Studies Review, 15(4), 473-490.
Warde, A. (2004). Practice and Field: Revising Bourdieusian Concepts. CRIC Discussion Paper No. 65, Manchester: University of Manchester.
Weingart, P. (1998). Science and the media. Res Policy 27(8), 869-879.
Weingart, P., Engels, A., & Pansegrau, P. (2000). Risks of communication: Discourses on climate change in science, politics, and the mass media. Public Understanding of Science, 9(3), 261-283.
Wells, P.G. (2013). Canadian aquatic science and environmental legislation under threat.
Marine Pollution Bulletin, 69, 1-2. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0025326X13000507

Westfall, R.S. (1985). Science and patronage: Galileo and the telescope. Isis, 76(1), 11-
30.
Wilcox, S. A. (2003). Cultural context and the conventions of science journalism: Drama and contradiction in media coverage of biological ideas about sexuality. Critical Studies in Media Communication, 20(3), 225-247.
Wolfe, M., Jones, B. D., & Baumgartner, F. R. (2013). A failure to communicate: Agenda setting in media and policy studies. Political Communication, 30(2), 175-192.
Wood (1996). Talking to themselves: food commentators, food snobbery and market
reality, British Food Journal, 98(10), 5-11.

World Commission on Environment and Development (1987). Our Common Future.
Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Wynne-Edwards, H. R. (1969). How competent are scientists to judge science policy? Science Forum (Comment), 2(6), 18.
Zada, J. (2012). Unique glacier research facility in Yukon hit by federal cuts. CBC News,
July 10.
http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/unique-glacierresearch-facility-in-yukon-hit-by-federal-cuts-1.1168638
All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved. The use of items is governed by Spectrum's terms of access.

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads per month over past year

Back to top Back to top