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Biological Clocks and Rhythms of Anger and Aggression

Title:

Biological Clocks and Rhythms of Anger and Aggression

Hood, Suzanne and Amir, Shimon ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1919-5023 (2018) Biological Clocks and Rhythms of Anger and Aggression. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 12 (4). pp. 1-12. ISSN 1662-5153

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2018.00004

Abstract

The body’s internal timekeeping system is an under-recognized but highly influential force in behaviors and emotions including anger and reactive aggression. Predictable cycles or rhythms in behavior are expressed on several different time scales such as circadian (circa diem, or approximately 24-h rhythms) and infradian (exceeding 24 h, such as monthly or seasonal cycles). The circadian timekeeping system underlying rhythmic behaviors in mammals is constituted by a network of clocks distributed throughout the brain and body, the activity of which synchronizes to a central pacemaker, or master clock. Our daily experiences with the external environment including social activity strongly influence the exact timing of this network. In the present review, we examine evidence from a number of species and propose that anger and reactive aggression interact in multiple ways with circadian clocks. Specifically, we argue that: (i) there are predictable rhythms in the expression of aggression and anger; (ii) disruptions of the normal functioning of the circadian system increase the likelihood of aggressive behaviors; and (iii) conversely, chronic expression of anger can disrupt normal rhythmic cycles of physiological activities and create conditions for pathologies such as cardiovascular disease to develop. Taken together, these observations suggest that a comprehensive perspective on anger and reactive aggression must incorporate an understanding of the role of the circadian timing system in these intense affective states.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Psychology
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Hood, Suzanne and Amir, Shimon
Journal or Publication:Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Date:2018
Funders:
  • Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
  • Fonds de la Recherché en Santé Québec
  • Canadian Institutes for Health Research (grant no. #MOP142458)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.3389/fnbeh.2018.00004
ID Code:983437
Deposited By: DANIELLE DENNIE
Deposited On:23 Jan 2018 15:26
Last Modified:23 Jan 2018 15:26

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