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Shaft Resistance of Driven Piles in Overconsolidated Cohesionless Soils

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Shaft Resistance of Driven Piles in Overconsolidated Cohesionless Soils

Alharthi, Yasir Mohammed (2018) Shaft Resistance of Driven Piles in Overconsolidated Cohesionless Soils. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

Piles are structural members that transfer the applied load of superstructures to deep supportive layers of soil or bedrock. Besides controlling the settlement of structures, piles provide sufficient capacity that other foundations cannot provide or provide only at a high cost. Despite ample research on the shaft resistance of displacement piles in cohesionless soils, the mechanism of such resistance remains unclear. Consequently, theories on shaft resistance have generated several discrepancies in predicting the capacity of displacement piles in cohesionless soils, not only due to the complexity of modeling cohesionless materials and collecting field data but also because the role of overconsolidation in such soils, which is often neglected. Although the critical depth of pile foundation in cohesionless soils has long been debated, definite conclusions have yet to be drawn.
Overconsolidation in cohesionless soils directly affects the lateral earth pressure that acts upon the pile shafts and thus upon pile capacity. Overconsolidation can occur naturally or artificially when the ground surface is subjected to erosion, excavation, or unloading, often due to glacial melting, the demolition of structures, raised water tables, compaction, or vibration.
This thesis presents an experimental investigation into the capacity of driven piles in overconsolidated cohesionless soils. Tests, with an emphasis on the shaft resistance and the critical depth, were conducted on long piles in a setup that permits measuring the overconsolidation ratio in the test tank as well as the total and local shaft resistance on the pile’s shaft. Shear stress distribution along the pile’s shaft showed some dependency on embedment depth ratio (L / D). Also, critical depth was observed for shaft resistance only when mean shaft resistance was analyzed, and was in line with Meyerhof’s (1976) results.
An analytical model was also developed based on limit equilibrium analysis using the horizontal slice method to predict the shaft resistance of a pile driven into normally consolidated cohesionless soils. The model assumes an inclined failure surface around the pile that accounts for the shear and normal stresses upon it. Critical depth was not only observed but also increased linearly as the angle of shearing resistance increased. A three-dimensional numerical model was developed and validated experimentally to perform 200 pile load tests in soils with various densities and at a range of embedment depths.
Design theories to predict the shaft resistance of displacement piles in cohesionless soils and the critical depth were developed, design charts are presented.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Alharthi, Yasir Mohammed
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Program:Civil Engineering
Date:16 April 2018
Thesis Supervisor(s):Hanna, Adel
ID Code:984027
Deposited By: YASIR AL-HARTHI
Deposited On:31 Oct 2018 17:13
Last Modified:31 Oct 2018 17:13
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