Login | Register

Low Loss and Ultra Flat Rectangular Waveguide Harmonic Coupler

Title:

Low Loss and Ultra Flat Rectangular Waveguide Harmonic Coupler

Ali, Mohamed Mamdouh M. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4003-2851, Shams, Shoukry I. and Sebak, Abdel-Razik (2018) Low Loss and Ultra Flat Rectangular Waveguide Harmonic Coupler. IEEE Access . p. 1. ISSN 2169-3536

[img]
Preview
Text (application/pdf)
Ali-IEEE Access-2018.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Spectrum Terms of Access.
3MB

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2854189

Abstract

Recently, communication networks are evolving dramatically to meet the human dynamic needs as well as provide the required support for the massive expansion in future applications. This fosters the research in the mm-wave components to create a new infrastructure for these applications. As a result, the electrical characteristics of the designed components in terms of the bandwidth and the linearity have to be evaluated in an accurate way. The linearity of the mm-wave components is evaluated through the assessment of the inter-modulation of these components, especially at the second harmonic band. In this paper, a −17-dB harmonic coupler is designed to pick a strong sample at the second harmonic, while suppressing the fundamental signal at the coupled port. A design procedure for the proposed harmonic coupler is presented and illustrated. The fabricated unit is silver plated to minimize the losses, where the measured coupling at the second harmonic band shows an excellent agreement with the simulated ones. In addition, the measured coupling level at the fundamental band is below −75 dB.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Electrical and Computer Engineering
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Ali, Mohamed Mamdouh M. and Shams, Shoukry I. and Sebak, Abdel-Razik
Journal or Publication:IEEE Access
Date:2018
Funders:
  • Concordia Open Access Author Fund
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2854189
Keywords:Couplings, Couplers, Harmonic analysis, Rectangular waveguides, Linearity, Standards, Apertures, Harmonic couplers, inter-modulation characterization, flat coupling
ID Code:984106
Deposited By: KRISTA ALEXANDER
Deposited On:02 Aug 2018 14:49
Last Modified:02 Aug 2018 14:49

References:

[1] M. Agiwal, A. Roy, and N. Saxena, "Next generation 5G wireless networks: A comprehensive survey," IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts., vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 1617-1655, 3rd Quart., 2016.

[2] T. S. Rappaport, J. N. Murdock, and F. Gutierrez, Jr., "State of the art in 60-GHz integrated circuits and systems for wireless communications," Proc. IEEE, vol. 99, no. 8, pp. 1390-1436, Aug. 2011.

[3] J.-J. DeLisle, "4 major M2M and IoT challenges you need to know," Microw. RF, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 36-38, 2015.

[4] P. F. Freidl, M. E. Gadringer, D. Amschl, andW. Bcõsch, "mm-Wave RFID for IoT applications," in Proc. Integr. Nonlinear Microw. Millimetre-Wave Circuits Workshop (INMMiC), Graz, Austria, 2017, pp. 1-3.

[5] M. A. Abdelaal, S. I. Shams, and A. A. Kishk, "90 phase shifter based on substrate integrated waveguide technology for Ku-band applications," in Proc. 32nd Gen. Assem. Sci. Symp. Int. Union Radio, 2017, pp. 1-3.

[6] S. I. Shams and A. A. Kishk, "Printed texture with triangle flat pins for bandwidth enhancement of the ridge gap waveguide," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 65, no. 6, pp. 2093-2100, Jun. 2017.

[7] S. I. Shams and A. A. Kishk, "Determining the stopband of a periodic bed of nails from the dispersion relation measurements prediction," IEEE Trans. Compon., Packag. Manuf. Technol., vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 621-629, Apr. 2017.

[8] J. P. Teyssier, J. Sombrin, R. Quéré, S. Laurent, and F. Gizard, "A test setup for the analysis of multi-tone intermodulation in microwave devices," in Proc. 84th ARFTG Microw. Meas. Conf., Boulder, CO, USA, 2014, pp. 1-3.

[9] M. Marchetti, M. J. Pelk, K. Buisman, W. C. E. Neo, M. Spirito, and L. C. N. de Vreede, "Active harmonic load-pull with realistic wideband communications signals," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 56, no. 12, pp. 2979-2988, Dec. 2008.

[10] S.-C. Jung, R. Negra, and F. M. Ghannouchi, "A miniaturized double-stage 3 dB broadband branch-line hybrid coupler using distributed capacitors," in Proc. Asia Paci c Microw. Conf., Singapore, 2009, pp. 1323-1326.

[11] S. Y. Zheng, S. H. Yeung, W. S. Chan, and K. F. Man, "Broadband 3 dB hybrid coupler with flat coupling designed by jumping genes evolutionary algorithm," in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Ind. Technol. (ICIT), Chengdu, China, Apr. 2008, pp. 1-5.

[12] Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, and H. Xin, "A compact 3 dB E-plane waveguide directional coupler with full bandwidth," IEEE Microw.Wireless Compon. Lett., vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 227-229, Apr. 2014.

[13] H. C. Early, "A wide-band directional coupler for wave guide," Proc. IRE, vol. JPROC-34, no. 11, pp. 883-886, Nov. 1946.

[14] S. I. Shams, M. Elsaadany, G. Saad, and A. A. Kishk, "Compact wideband dual loop coupler with high power handling capability for radar applications," IEEE Microw.Wireless Compon. Lett., vol. 27, no. 10, pp. 900-902, Oct. 2017.

[15] F. Parment, A. Ghiotto, T.-P. Vuong, J.-M. Duchamp, and K.Wu, "Broadband directional Moreno coupler for high-performance air-filled SIWbased substrate integrated systems," in IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig., San Francisco, CA, USA, May 2016, pp. 1-3.

[16] M. M. M. Ali, S. I. Shams, and A.-R. Sebak, "Printed ridge gap waveguide 3-dB coupler: Analysis and design procedure," IEEE Access, vol. 6, pp. 8501-8509, 2018.

[17] S. Velan, M. Kanagasabai, J. K. Pakkathillam, and S. K. Palaniswamy, "Compact paper-substrate rat-race coupler deploying modi ed stepped impedance stub and interdigitated slot resonator for wide-band harmonic suppression," IET Microw., Antennas Propag., vol. 10, no. 15, pp. 1667-1672, Oct. 2016.

[18] D. Dousset, J. Bornemann, M. Daigle, S. Claude, and K.Wu, "Broadband 100 GHz substrate-integrated waveguide couplers with irregularly shaped via holes for higher-order mode suppression," in Proc. Eur. Microw. Conf., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Nov. 2012, pp. 277-280.

[19] S. Bayaskar, D. Brahme, and K. Shambavi, "Compact rat race coupler with harmonic suppression using circular defected ground structure (CDGS)," in Proc. Int. Conf. Global Trends Signal Process., Inf. Comput. Commun. (ICGTSPICC), Jalgaon, India, 2016, pp. 316-319.

[20] R. N. Simons and E. G. Wintucky, "Waveguide multimode directional coupler for harvesting harmonic power from the output of traveling-wave tube ampli ers," in IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig., Honololu, HI, USA, Jun. 2017, pp. 380-383.

[21] D. M. Pozar, Microwave Engineering, 4th ed. Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley, 2011.

[22] H. A. Bethe, "Theory of diffraction by small holes," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 66, nos. 7-8, pp. 163-182, Oct. 1944.

[23] S. B. Cohn, "Determination of aperture parameters by electrolytic-tank measurements," Proc. IRE, vol. JPROC-39, no. 11, pp. 1416-1421, Nov. 1951.

[24] S. B. Cohn, "The electric polarizability of apertures of arbitrary shape," Proc. IRE, vol. JPROC-40, no. 9, pp. 1069-1071, Sep. 1952.

[25] S. B. Cohn, "Microwave coupling by large apertures," Proc. IRE, vol. JPROC-40, no. 6, pp. 696-699, Jun. 1952.

[26] N. A. McDonald, "Electric and magnetic coupling through small apertures in shield walls of any thickness," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. MTT-20, no. 10, pp. 689-695, Oct. 1972.

[27] R. Levy, "Improved single and multiaperature waveguide coupling theory, including explanation of mutual interactions," IEEE Trans. Microw. The-ory Techn., vol. MTT-28, no. 4, pp. 331-338, Apr. 1980.

[28] G. L. Matthaei, L. Young, and E. M. T. Jones, Microwave Fil-ters, Impedance-Matching Networks, and Coupling Structures (Artech Microwave Library). Norwood, MA, USA: Artech House, 1980.

[29] F. Arndt, U. Tucholke, and T. Wriedt, "Computer-optimized multisection transformers between rectangular waveguides of adjacent frequency bands (short papers)," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. MTT-32, no. 11, pp. 1479-1484, Nov. 1984.

[30] S. B. Cohn, "Optimum design of stepped transmission-line transformers," IRE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 16-20, Apr. 1955.

[31] E. S. Hensperger, "Broad-band stepped transformers from rectangular to double-ridged waveguide," IRE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 311-314, Jul. 1958.
All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved. The use of items is governed by Spectrum's terms of access.

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads per month over past year

Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
- Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
Back to top Back to top