Login | Register

Investigating the combined effects of workaholism and work engagement: A substantive-methodological synergy of variable-centered and person-centered methodologies

Title:

Investigating the combined effects of workaholism and work engagement: A substantive-methodological synergy of variable-centered and person-centered methodologies

Morin, Alexandre J.S., Gillet, Nicolas, Sandrin, Emilie and Houle, Simon A. (2018) Investigating the combined effects of workaholism and work engagement: A substantive-methodological synergy of variable-centered and person-centered methodologies. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 109 . pp. 54-77. ISSN 00018791 (In Press)

[img]
Text (application/pdf)
Morin 2 2018.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 25 September 2021.
Available under License Spectrum Terms of Access.
818kB

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2018.09.006

Abstract

The present series of three independent studies examines how workaholism and work engagement combine relying on a variety of distinct methodologies: interaction effects (Study 1, n = 160), a person-centered approach (Study 2, including two samples of n = 321 and 332), and a hybrid mixture regression approach (Study 3, n = 283). This research also documents the relations between workaholism, work engagement, and work outcomes (i.e., work-family conflicts, work performance, sleeping difficulties, and burnout). Furthermore, this research investigates the role of workload (Studies 2 and 3) and perceived social support (Study 2) in the prediction of profile membership. Studies 1 and 2 showed that the combination of high levels of work engagement with high levels of workaholism was associated with a variety of negative outcomes. In Study 3, the highest levels of sleeping difficulties and work-family conflicts were associated with the workaholic profile, followed by the engaged-workaholic profile, and finally the engaged profile. Finally, in Studies 2 and 3, workload showed strong associations with an increased likelihood of membership into the profiles characterized by higher levels of workaholism.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Psychology
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Morin, Alexandre J.S. and Gillet, Nicolas and Sandrin, Emilie and Houle, Simon A.
Journal or Publication:Journal of Vocational Behavior
Date:2018
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.1016/j.jvb.2018.09.006
Keywords:Work engagement; Workaholism; Latent profile analyses; Interactions; Ill-being
ID Code:984535
Deposited By: ALINE SOREL
Deposited On:04 Oct 2018 15:55
Last Modified:04 Oct 2018 15:55

References:

L.H. Aiken, S.P. Clarke, D.M. Sloane, J. Sochalski, J.H. Silber. Hospital nurse staffing and patient mortality, nurse burnout and job dissatisfaction, Journal of the American Medical Association, 288 (2002), pp. 1987-1993

A. Babic, F. Stinglhamber, F. Bertrand, I. Hansez. Work–home interface and well-being: A cross-lagged analysis, Journal of Personnel Psychology, 16 (2017), pp. 46-55

A.B. Bakker, S.L. Albrecht, M.P. Leiter. Key questions regarding work engagement, European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 20 (2011), pp. 4-28

A.B. Bakker, E. Demerouti. The Job Demands-Resources model: State of the art, Journal of Managerial Psychology, 22 (2007), pp. 309-328

A.B. Bakker, A. Shimazu, E. Demerouti, K. Shimada, N. Kawakami. Work engagement versus workaholism: A test of spillover-crossover, Journal of Managerial Psychology, 29 (2014), pp. 63-80

A.B. Bakker, M. Westman, H. Emmerik. Advancement in crossover theory, Journal of Managerial Psychology, 24 (2009), pp. 206-219

L.K. Barber, A.M. Santuzzi. Please respond ASAP: Workplace telepressure and employee recovery, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 20 (2015), pp. 172-189

Y. Baruch. The positive wellbeing aspects of workaholism in cross cultural perspective: The chocoholism metaphor, Career Development International, 16 (2011), pp. 572-591

D.J. Bauer. A semiparametric approach to modeling nonlinear relations among latent variables, Structural Equation Modeling, 12 (2005), pp. 513-535

D.J. Bauer, P.J. Curran. Distributional assumptions of growth mixture models over-extraction of latent trajectory classes, Psychological Methods, 8 (2003), pp. 338-363


I. van Beek, T.W. Taris, W.B. Schaufeli. Workaholic and work engaged employees: Dead ringers or worlds apart?, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 16 (2011), pp. 468-482

A. Beiler-May, R.L. Williamson, M.A. Clark, N.T. Carter. Gender bias in the measurement of workaholism, Journal of Personality Assessment, 99 (2017), pp. 104-110

I.K. Birkeland, R. Buch. The dualistic model of passion for work: Discriminate and predictive validity with work engagement and workaholism, Motivation and Emotion, 39 (2015), pp. 392-408

K. Breevaart, A.B. Bakker. Daily job demands and employee work, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology (2017), 10.1037/ocp0000082, Early view

G. Caesens, F. Stinglhamber, G. Luypaert. The impact of work engagement and workaholism on well-being, Career Development International, 19 (2014), pp. 813-835

S. Cai, H. Lin, X. Hu, Y.-X. Cai, K. Chen, W.-Z. Cai. High fatigue and its associations with health and work related factors among female medical personnel at 54 hospitals in Zhuhai, China, Psychology, Health & Medicine, 23 (2018), pp. 304-316

S.M. Camgoz, O.T. Ekmekci, P.B. Karapinar, B.K. Guler. Job insecurity and turnover intentions: Gender differences and the mediating role of work engagement, Sex Roles, 75 (2016), pp. 583-598

L.A. Chénard-Poirier, A.J.S. Morin, J.S. Boudrias. On the merits of coherent leadership empowerment behaviors: A mixture regression approach, Journal of Vocational Behavior, 103 (2017), pp. 66-75

M. Clark, J. Michel, L. Zhdanova, S. Pui, B. Baltes. All work and no play? A meta-analytic examination of correlates and outcomes of workaholism, Journal of Management, 42 (2016), pp. 1836-1873

E.R. Crawford, J.A. LePine, B.L. Rich. Linking job demands and resources to employee engagement and burnout, Journal of Applied Psychology, 95 (2010), pp. 834-848

T.M.O. Diallo, A.J.S. Morin, H. Lu. Impact of misspecifications of the latent variance-covariance and residual matrices on the class enumeration accuracy of growth mixture models, Structural Equation Modeling, 23 (2016), pp. 507-531

T.M.O. Diallo, A.J.S. Morin, H. Lu. The impact of total and partial inclusion or exclusion of active and inactive time invariant covariates in mixture models, Psychological Methods, 22 (2017), pp. 166-190

J.R. Edwards. Latent variable modeling in congruence research: Current problems and future directions, Organizational Research Methods, 12 (2009), pp. 34-62

R. Eisenberger, R. Huntington, S. Hutchison, D. Sowa. Perceived organizational support, Journal of Applied Psychology, 71 (1986), pp. 500-507

M.-C. Gaudet, M. Tremblay, O. Doucet. Exploring the black box of the contingent reward leadership–performance relationship: The role of perceived justice and emotional exhaustion, European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 23 (2014), pp. 897-914

N. Gillet, C. Becker, M.A. Lafrenière, I. Huart, E. Fouquereau. Organizational support, job resources, motivational profiles, work engagement, and affect, Military Psychology, 29 (2017), pp. 418-433

N. Gillet, E. Fouquereau, R.J. Vallerand, J. Abraham, P. Colombat. The role of workers' motivational profiles in affective and organizational factors, Journal of Happiness Studies (2017), 10.1007/s10902-017-9867-9, Early view

N. Gillet, A.J.S. Morin, B. Cougot, M. Gagné. Workaholism profiles: Associations with determinants, correlates, and outcomes, Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 90 (2017), pp. 559-586

M.J. Gorgievski, J.A. Moriano, A.B. Bakker. Relating work engagement and workaholism to entrepreneurial performance, Journal of Managerial Psychology, 29 (2014), pp. 106-121

J. Hakanen, M. Peeters. How do work engagement, workaholism, and the work-to-family interface affect each other?, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 57 (2015), pp. 601-609

J. Hakanen, M. Peeters, W.B. Schaufeli. Different types of employee well-being across time and their relationships with job crafting, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 23 (2018), pp. 289-301

J. Hakanen, W.B. Schaufeli, K. Ahola. The Job Demands-Resources model: A three-year study of burnout, depression, commitment, and engagement, Work and Stress, 22 (2008), pp. 224-241

A.F. Hayes, K.J. Preacher. Conditional process modeling: Using structural equation modeling to examine contingent causal processes, G.R. Hancock, R.O. Mueller (Eds.), Structural equation modeling. A second course (2nd ed.), Information Age, Greenwich, CT (2013), pp. 219-256

J.M. Henson, S.P. Reise, K.H. Kim. Detecting mixtures from structural model differences using latent variable mixture modeling: A comparison of relative model fit statistics, Structural Equation Modeling, 14 (2007), pp. 202-226

J.R. Hipp, D.J. Bauer. Local solutions in the estimation of growth mixture models, Psychological Methods, 11 (2006), pp. 36-53

S.E. Hobfoll. Conservation of resources: A new attempt at conceptualizing stress, American Psychologist, 44 (1989), pp. 513-524

J. Howard, M. Gagné, A.J.S. Morin, A. Van den Broeck. Motivation profiles at work: A self-determination theory approach, Journal of Vocational Behavior, 95-96 (2016), pp. 74-89

T. Huyghebaert, E. Fouquereau, F.-J. Lahiani, N. Beltou, G. Gimenes, N. Gillet. Examining the longitudinal effects of workload on ill-being through each dimension of workaholism, International Journal of Stress Management, 25 (2018), pp. 144-162

H. Innanen, A. Tolvanen, K. Salmela-Aro. Burnout, work engagement and workaholism among highly educated employees: Profiles, antecedents and outcomes, Burnout Research, 1 (2014), pp. 38-49

C.D. Jenkins, B.-A. Stanton, S.J. Niemcryk, R.M. Rose. A scale for the estimation of sleep problems in clinical research, Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 41 (1988), pp. 313-321

R.C. Kessler, C. Barber, A. Beck, P. Berglund, P.D. Cleary, D. McKenas, N. Pronk. The world health organization health and work performance questionnaire (HPQ), Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 45 (2003), pp. 156-174

G.E. Kreiner, E.C. Hollensbe, M.L. Sheep. On the edge of identity: Boundary dynamics at the interface of individual and organizational identities, Human Relations, 59 (2006), pp. 1315-1341

Y. Lo, N. Mendell, D. Rubin. Testing the number of components in a normal mixture, Biometrika, 88 (2001), pp. 767-778

G. Lubke, B.O. Muthén. Performance of factor mixture models as a function of model size, criterion measure effects, and class-specific parameters, Structural Equation Modeling, 14 (2007), pp. 26-47

M. Machlowitz. Workaholics: Living with them, working with them, Addison-Wesley, New York (1980)

A. Mäkikangas, S. Kinnunen, J. Rantanen, S. Mauno, A. Tolvanen, A.B. Bakker. Association between vigor and exhaustion during the workweek: A person-centered approach to daily assessments, Anxiety, Stress and Coping, 27 (2014), pp. 555-575

A. Mäkikangas, J. Rantanen, A.B. Bakker, M.-L. Kinnunen, L. Pulkkinen, K. Kokko. The circumplex model of occupational well-being, Journal for Person-Oriented Research, 1 (2015), pp. 115-129

A. Mäkikangas, W. Schaufeli, A. Tolvanen, T. Feldt. Engaged managers are not workaholics: Evidence from a longitudinal person-centered analysis, Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones, 29 (2013), pp. 135-143

H.W. Marsh, A.S. Abduljabbar, M. Abu-Hilal, A.J.S. Morin, F. Abdelfattah, K.C. Leung, ..., P. Parker. Factorial, convergent, and discriminant validity of TIMSS math and science motivation measures: A comparison of Arab and Anglo-Saxon countries, Journal of Educational Psychology, 105 (2013), pp. 108-128

H.W. Marsh, K. Hau, D. Grayson. Goodness of fit in structural equation models, A. Maydeu-Olivares, J.J. McArdle (Eds.), Contemporary psychometrics: A festschrift for Roderick P. McDonald, Erlbaum, Mahwah, NJ (2005), pp. 275-340

H.W. Marsh, K.T. Hau. Applications of latent-variable models in psychology: The need for methodological-substantive synergies, Contemporary Educational Psychology, 32 (2007), pp. 151-170

H.W. Marsh, K.-T. Hau, Z. Wen, B. Nagengast, A.J.S. Morin. Moderation, T.D. Little (Ed.), Oxford handbook of quantitative methods, Vol. 2, Oxford University, New York (2013), pp. 361-386

H.W. Marsh, O. Lüdtke, U. Trautwein, A.J.S. Morin. Classical latent profile analysis of academic self-concept dimensions: Synergy of person- and variable-centered approaches to theoretical models of self-concept, Structural Equation Modeling, 16 (2009), pp. 191-225

H.W. Marsh, L.F. Scalas, B. Nagengast. Longitudinal tests of competing factor structures for the Rosenberg self-esteem scale: Traits, ephemeral artifacts, and stable response styles, Psychological Assessment, 22 (2010), pp. 366-381

S. Mauno, N. De Cuyper, U. Kinnunen, M. Ruokolainen, J. Rantanen, A. Mäkikangas. The prospective effects of work–family conflict and enrichment on job exhaustion and turnover intentions: Comparing long-term temporary vs. permanent workers across three waves, Work & Stress, 29 (2015), pp. 75-94

G. Mazzetti, W.B. Schaufeli, D. Guglielmi, M. Depolo. Overwork climate: Psychometric properties and relations with working hard, Journal of Managerial Psychology, 31 (2016), pp. 880-896

J.P. Meyer, A.J.S. Morin. A person-centered approach to commitment research: Theory, research, and methodology, Journal of Organizational Behavior, 37 (2016), pp. 584-612

J.P. Meyer, D.J. Stanley, L. Herscovitch, L. Topolnytsky. Affective, continuance and normative commitment to the organization: A meta-analysis of antecedents, correlates, and consequences, Journal of Vocational Behavior, 61 (2002), pp. 20-52

A.J.S. Morin. Person-centered research strategies in commitment research, J.P. Meyer (Ed.), The handbook of employee commitment, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK (2016), pp. 490-508

A.J.S. Morin, J.-S. Boudrias, H.W. Marsh, I. Madore, P. Desrumaux. Further reflections on disentangling shape and level effects in person-centered analyses: An illustration aimed at exploring the dimensionality of psychological health, Structural Equation Modeling, 23 (2016), pp. 438-454

A.J.S. Morin, J.P. Meyer, J. Creusier, F. Biétry. Multiple-group analysis of similarity in latent profile solutions, Organizational Research Methods, 19 (2016), pp. 231-254

A.J.S. Morin, J. Morizot, J.-S. Boudrias, I. Madore. A multifoci person-centered perspective on workplace affective commitment: A latent profile/factor mixture analysis, Organizational Research Methods, 14 (2011), pp. 58-90

A.J.S. Morin, N.D. Myers, S. Lee. Modern factor analytic techniques: Bifactor models, exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) and bifactor-ESEM, G. Tenenbaum, R.C. Eklund (Eds.), Handbook of sport psychology (4th Edition), Wiley, London, UK (2018)

A.J.S. Morin, L.F. Scalas, H.W. Marsh. Tracking the actual-ideal discrepancy model within latent subpopulations, Journal of Individual Differences, 36 (2015), pp. 65-72

A.J.S. Morin, C. Vandenberghe, M. Turmel, I. Madore, C. Maïano. Probing into commitment nonlinear relationships to work outcomes, Journal of Managerial Psychology, 28 (2) (2013), pp. 202-223

L.K. Muthén, B.O. Muthén. Mplus user's guide, Muthén & Muthén, Los Angeles, CA (2017)

A. Newman, R. Thanacoody, W. Hui. The effects of perceived organizational support, perceived supervisor support and intra-organizational network resources on turnover intentions: A study of Chinese employees in multinational enterprises, Personnel Review, 41 (2012), pp. 56-72

T.W.H. Ng, K.L. Sorensen. Toward a further understanding of the relationships between perceptions of support and work attitudes, Group & Organization Management, 33 (2008), pp. 243-268

C. Nohe, K. Sonntag. Work–family conflict, social support, and turnover intentions: A longitudinal study, Journal of Vocational Behavior, 85 (2014), pp. 1-12

K.L. Nylund, T. Asparouhov, B. Muthén. Deciding on the number of classes in latent class analysis and growth mixture modeling. A Monte Carlo simulation study, Structural Equation Modeling, 14 (2007), pp. 535-569

W. Oates. Confessions of a workaholic: The facts about work addiction, World, New York (1971)

W.G.M. Oerlemans, A.B. Bakker. Burnout and daily recovery: A day reconstruction study, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 19 (2014), pp. 303-314

H. Peretz, A. Levi, Y. Fried. Organizational diversity programs across cultures: Effects on absenteeism, turnover, performance and innovation, The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 26 (2015), pp. 875-903

J. Peugh, X. Fan. Modeling unobserved heterogeneity using latent profile analysis: A Monte Carlo simulation, Structural Equation Modeling, 20 (2013), pp. 616-639

Y. Potok, H. Littman-Ovadia. Does personality regulate the work stressor-psychological detachment relationship?, Journal of Career Assessment, 22 (2014), pp. 43-58

T. Raykov, G.A. Marcoulides. Using the delta method for approximate interval estimation of parameter functions in SEM, Structural Equation Modeling, 11 (2004), pp. 621-637

D. Reis, C. Arndt, T. Lischetzke, A. Hoppe. State work engagement and state affect: Similar yet distinct concepts, Journal of Vocational Behavior, 93 (2016), pp. 1-10

S.P. Reise.The rediscovery of bifactor measurement models, Multivariate Behavioral Research, 47 (2012), pp. 667-696

R.M. Ryan, E.L. Deci. Self-determination theory: Basic psychological needs in motivation, development, and wellness, Guilford Press, New York, NY, US (2017)

M. Salanova, M. Del Libano, S. Llorens, W.B. Schaufeli. Engaged, workaholic, burned-out or just 9-to-5? Toward a typology of employee well-being, Stress and Health, 30 (2014), pp. 71-81

M. Salanova, A.A. López-González, S. Llorens, M. del Líbano, M.T. Vicente-Herrero, M. Tomás-Salvá. Your work may be killing you! Workaholism, sleep problems and cardiovascular risk, Work and Stress, 30 (2016), pp. 228-242

W.B. Schaufeli. Heavy work investment, personality and organizational climate, Journal of Managerial Psychology, 31 (2016), pp. 1057-1073

W.B. Schaufeli, A. Bakker, M. Salanova. The measurement of work engagement with a short questionnaire: A cross-national study, Educational and Psychological Measurement, 66 (2006), pp. 701-716

W.B. Schaufeli, A.B. Bakker, F.M.M.A. van der Heijden, J.T. Prins. Workaholism among medical residents: It is the combination of working excessively and working compulsively that counts, International Journal of Stress Management, 16 (2009), pp. 249-272

W.B. Schaufeli, M.P. Leiter, C. Maslach, S.E. Jackson. The Maslach burnout inventory-general survey, C. Maslach, S.E. Jackson, M.P. Leiter (Eds.), Maslach burnout inventory (3rd ed.), Consulting Psychologists Press, Palo Alto, CA (1996), pp. 19-26

W.B. Schaufeli, M. Salanova, V. González-Romá, A.B. Bakker. The measurement of engagement and burnout, Journal of Happiness Studies, 3 (2002), pp. 71-92

W.B. Schaufeli, A. Shimazu, J. Hakanen, M. Salanova, H. De Witte. An ultra-short measure for work engagement: The UWES-3 validation across five countries, European Journal of Psychological Assessment (2018), 10.1027/1015-5759/a000430, Early view

W.B. Schaufeli, A. Shimazu, T.W. Taris. Being driven to work excessively hard: The evaluation of a two-factor measure of workaholism in the Netherlands and Japan, Cross-Cultural Research, 43 (2009), pp. 320-348

P. Seppälä, S. Mauno, M.-L. Kinnunen, T. Feldt, T. Juuti, A. Tolvanen, H. RuskoIs. Work engagement related to healthy cardiac autonomic activity? Evidence from a field study among Finnish women workers, The Journal of Positive Psychology, 7 (2012), pp. 95-106

A. Shimazu, W.B. Schaufeli, T.W. Taris. How does workaholism affect worker health and performance?, International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 17 (2010), pp. 154-160

E. Shonin, W. Van Gordon, M.D. Griffiths. The treatment of workaholism with meditation awareness training: A case study,Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing, 10 (2014), pp. 193-195

J. Siegrist, D. Starke, T. Chandola, I. Godin, M. Marmot, I. Niedhammer, R. Peter. The measurement of effort-reward imbalance at work, Social Science & Medicine, 58 (2004), pp. 1483-1499

A. Skrondal, P. Laake. Regression among factor scores, Psychometrika, 66 (2001), pp. 563-576

O.N. Solinger, W. Van Olffen, R.A. Roe, J. Hofmans. On becoming (un)committed: A taxonomy and test of newcomer onboarding scenarios, Organization Science, 24 (2013), pp. 1640-1661

S. Sonnentag, U.-V. Bayer. Switching off mentally: Predictors and consequences of psychological detachment from work during off-job time, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 10 (2005), pp. 393-414

P.E. Spector, S. Jex. Development of four self-report measures of job stressors and strain: Interpersonal conflict scale, organizational constraints scale, quantitative workload inventory, and physical symptoms inventory, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 3 (1998), pp. 356-367

J. Spence, A. Robbins. Workaholism: Definition, measurement, and preliminary results, Journal of Personality Assessment, 58 (1992), pp. 160-178

D. Spurk, A. Hirschi, S. Kauffeld. A new perspective on the etiology of workaholism: Personal and contextual career-related antecedents, Journal of Career Assessment, 24 (2016), pp. 747-764

J. Stoeber, L.E. Damian. Perfectionism in employees: Work engagement, workaholism, and burnout, F.M. Sirois, D.S. Molnar (Eds.), Perfectionism, health, and well-being, Springer International, Cham, Switzerland (2016), pp. 265-283

T.W. Taris, W.B. Schaufeli, L.C. Verhoeven. Workaholism in the Netherlands: Measurement and implications for job strain and work-nonwork conflict, Applied Psychology, 54 (2005), pp. 37-60

K. Upadyaya, M. Vartiainen, K. Salmela-Aro. From job demands and resources to work engagement, burnout, life satisfaction, depressive symptoms, and occupational health, Burnout Research, 3 (2016), pp. 101-108

R.J. Vallerand, C. Blanchard, G.A. Mageau, R. Koestner, C. Ratelle, M. Léonard, ..., J. Marsolais. Les passions de l'âme: On obsessive and harmonious passion, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85 (2003), pp. 756-767

A. Van den Broeck, W. Lens, H. De Witte, H. Van Coillie. Unraveling the importance of the quantity and the quality of workers' motivation for well-being: A person-centered perspective, Journal of Vocational Behavior, 82 (2013), pp. 69-78

W. Van Gordon, E. Shonin, T.J. Dunn, J. Garcia-Campayo, M.M.P. Demarzo, M.D. Griffiths. Meditation awareness training for the treatment of workaholism: A controlled trial, Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 6 (2017), pp. 212-220

M.L. Van Horn, T. Jaki, K. Masyn, S.L. Ramey, S. Antaramian, A. Lemanski. Assessing differential effects: Applying regression mixture models to identify variations in the influence of family resources on academic achievement, Developmental Psychology, 45 (2009), pp. 1298-1313

C. van Wijhe, M. Peeters, W.B. Schaufeli, E. Ouweneel. Rise and shine: Recovery experiences of workaholic and non-workaholic employees, European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 22 (2013), pp. 476-489
All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved. The use of items is governed by Spectrum's terms of access.

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads per month over past year

Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
- Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
Back to top Back to top