Login | Register

A finite element based approach for fatigue life prediction of headed shear studs

Title:

A finite element based approach for fatigue life prediction of headed shear studs

Mia, Md. Manik and Bhowmick, Anjan K. (2019) A finite element based approach for fatigue life prediction of headed shear studs. Structures, 19 . pp. 161-172. ISSN 23520124 (In Press)

[img]
Text (application/pdf)
Bhowmick-2019.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 3 January 2020.
Available under License Spectrum Terms of Access.
11MB

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.istruc.2019.01.001

Abstract

Steel shear studs in bridges are subjected to rapidly fluctuating stresses causing fatigue failure. Research on fatigue of shear studs mainly focused on tests. Both AASHTO and Canadian design curve for fatigue resistance of shear studs are based on the tests conducted in the mid1960s by Slutter and Fisher. This paper presents a finite element based approach using push-out specimen for fatigue life estimation of headed shear stud connectors. Both crack initiation and crack propagation life are estimated and an excellent correlation is found when compared against test results. In addition, since a significant amount of push-out tests data on headed shear studs are now available, this paper evaluates the fatigue design curves of different standards, with special focus given to evaluation of the value of constant amplitude fatigue limit (CAFL) given in the current AASHTO and Canadian code (CSA S6-14). The regression analysis also shows that the current fatigue curves in different codes can be used for shear studs as large as 31.8 mm. Thus, restriction of use of studs larger than 25 mm (1 in.) in different bridge codes (CSA S6, Eurocode 4, and AASHTO) can be waived.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Mia, Md. Manik and Bhowmick, Anjan K.
Journal or Publication:Structures
Date:June 2019
Funders:
  • Faculty of Engineering and Computer Science, Concordia University
  • Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.1016/j.istruc.2019.01.001
Keywords:Fatigue-life; Crack initiation life; Crack propagation life; Push-out test; Shear stud
ID Code:984907
Deposited By: MICHAEL BIRON
Deposited On:21 Jan 2019 22:58
Last Modified:21 Jan 2019 22:58

References:

CAN/CSA S6-14 Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (2014)

AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, D.C. (2014)

CEN 1994-2 Eurocode 4 Design of Composite Steel and Concrete Structures - Part 2: General Rules for Bridges. Brussels, Belgium (2005)

CAN/CSA S6-06 Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (2014)

R.G. Slutter, J.W. Fisher. Fatigue strength of shear connectors Highway Research Record no. 147, National Research Council, Washington, D.C. (1966)

ABAQUS Standard User's Manual, Version 6.13, Hibbitt, Karlsson and Sorensen, USA (2013)

P.G. Lee, C.S. Shim, S.P. Chang. Static and fatigue behavior of large stud shear connectors for steel-concrete composite bridges J Constr Steel Res, 61 (9) (2005), pp. 1270-1285

D.L. Mundie. Fatigue Testing and Design of Large Diameter Shear Studs Used in Highway Bridges. M.Sc. Thesis Department of Civil Engineering, Auburn University, USA (2011)

K.N. Smith, P. Watson, T.H. Topper. A stress-strain function for the fatigue of materials J Mater, 5 (4) (1970), pp. 767-778

G. Josi, G.Y. Grondin. Reliability-based management of fatigue failures Structural Engineering Report, 285, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada (2010)

P. Paris, F. Erdogan. A critical analysis of crack propagation laws J Basic Eng, 85 (4) (1963), pp. 528-533

ASTM designation E647 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Fatigue Crack Growth Rates American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, USA (2000)

J.W. Fisher, P.A. Albrecht, B.T. Yen, D.J. Klingermen, B.M. McNamee. Fatigue strength of steel beams with welded stiffeners and attachments

NCHRP report no. 147, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C.(1974)

S.A. Ibrahim, W.W. El-Dakhakhni, M. Elgaaly. Fatigue of corrugated-web plate girders: analytical study J Struct Eng, 132 (9) (2006), pp. 1381-1392

F. Ellyin. Fatigue damage, crack growth and life prediction Chapman & Hall, London, U.K (1997)

H. Chen, G.Y. Grondin, R.G. Driver. Fatigue resistance of high performance steel Structural Engineering Report, 258, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada (2005)

N. Gattesco, E. Giuriani. Experimental study on stud shear connectors subjected to cyclic loading J Constr Steel Res, 38 (1) (1996), pp. 1-21

CAN/CSA-A23.3-14 Design of Concrete Structures Toronto, Ontario, Canada (2014)

E. Ellobody, B. Young, D. Lam. Behavior of normal and high strength concrete-filled compact steel tube circular stub columns J Constr Steel Res, 62 (7) (2006), pp. 706-715

M.M. Mia, A.K. Bhowmick. Static Strength of Headed Shear Stud Connectors Using Finite Element Analysis 6th International Conference on Engineering Mechanics and Materials, Vancouver, BC, Canada (2017) (May 31–June 3)

H.Y. Loh, B. Uy, M.A. Bradford. The effects of partial shear connection in the hogging moment regions of composite beams, part I – experimental study J Constr Steel Res, 60 (2004), pp. 921-962

D. Broek. The practical use of fracture mechanics (2nd ed.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands (1989)

H.G. Lehman, H.S. Lew, A.A. Toprac. Fatigue strength of 3/4 inch studs in lightweight concrete Research Report No. 76-1F, Center for Highway. Research, The University of Texas, Austin, Texas(1965)

R.J. Mainstone, J.B. Menzies. Shear connectors in steel concrete composite beams for bridges 1: Static and fatigue test on push-out specimens Concrete (1967), pp. 291-302

M.W. Hallam. The behaviour of stud shear connectors under repeated loading Research Report No, R281, University of Sydney, School of Civil Engineering, Sydney, Australia (1976)

J.W. Roderick, P. Ansorian. Repeated loading of composite beams Civ Eng Trans, 18CE (2) (1976), pp. 109-116

K.K. Lo. Fatigue Testing of Stud Shear Connectors. M. Eng Thesis University of Melbourne (1978)

D.J. Oehlers, L. Foley. The fatigue strength of stud shear connectors in composite beams Proc Inst Civ Eng, Part 2 (79) (1985), pp. 349-364

Y. Maeda, S. Matsui. Effects of concrete placing direction on static and fatigue strengths of stud shear connectors Tech Reports, 33 (1733), Osaka University (October 1983), pp. 397-406

K.C. Naithani, V.K. Gupta, A.D. Gadh. Behavior of shear connectors under dynamic loads Mater Struct, 21 (125) (1988), pp. 359-363

D.J. Oehlers. The Derivation of the Fatigue Endurance of Stud Shear Connections in Composite Steel and Concrete Bridge Beam Department of Civil Engineering. The University of Adelaide (1988)
Report No. R81

T. Faust, A. Leffer, M. Mensinger. Fatigue of headed studs embedded in LWAC LACER No. 4 (1999), pp. 226-230

H. Bode, M. Mensinger, A. Leffer. The shear connection of steel-concrete composite bridges under non-static loading Stahlbau, 70 (4) (2001), pp. 277-286

C.S. Shim, P.G. Lee, S.P. Chang. Design of shear connection in composite steel and concrete bridges with pre-cast decks J Constr Steel Res, 57 (2) (2001), pp. 203-219

S.S. Badie, M.K. Tadros, H.F. Kakish, D.L. Splittgerber, M.C. Baishya. Large shear studs for composite action in steel bridge girders J Bridg Eng, 7 (3) (2002), pp. 195-203

J.H. Ahn, S.H. Kim, Y.J. Jeong. Fatigue experiment of stud welded on steel plate for a new bridge deck system Steel Compos Struct, 7 (5) (2007), pp. 391-404

G. Hanswille, M. Porsch, C. Ustundag. Resistance of headed studs subjected to fatigue loading part I: experimental study J Constr Steel Res, 63 (4) (2007), pp. 475-484
All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved. The use of items is governed by Spectrum's terms of access.

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads per month over past year

Back to top Back to top