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New Approaches For Evaluation and Controlling Alkali-Silica Reaction Damage In Deteriorated Concrete

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New Approaches For Evaluation and Controlling Alkali-Silica Reaction Damage In Deteriorated Concrete

Hassan, Sameh (2019) New Approaches For Evaluation and Controlling Alkali-Silica Reaction Damage In Deteriorated Concrete. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

Alkali-Silica Reaction (ASR) is considered one of the most significant critical internal deterioration mechanisms for concrete. ASR produces internal stresses that causes expansion and extended cracks threatening the country's wealth of existing infrastructure. Since ASR recognition in 1940 by Stanton, many studies had been conducted to evaluate the degree of reactivity for different types of gravel. However, limited research has focused on studying the effect of specimens’ shape and size, and casting direction on the accuracy of measured ASR expansion and find a correlation between cylindrical and standard prismatic specimens. Moreover, few studies have attempted to evaluate the optimum expansion level for controlling ASR expansion by strengthening ASR-damaged concrete.
An experimental work divided into three phases was conducted to evaluate; (1) The effect of these new approaches on ASR expansion using fused silica (FS) as a fast-acting material, (2) The selection of a suitable jacketing materials based on target performance rather than focusing only on the achieved strength investigating concrete mixtures incorporating four types of fibre and fine crumb rubber aggregates (FCRA) with and without silica fume, (3) The effectiveness of six different strengthening materials as CFRP, BFRP, mortar with GG mesh, mortar with BFRP mesh, FRC, and CRC with BFRP to suppress ASR expansion, and evaluate sensitivity of strengthening time and testing time vs. the strengthening types on the concrete mechanical properties.
The results exhibited addition of FS caused a drastic increase in the expansion, and plays a crucial role to adversely affect concrete mechanical properties and durability index until age 180 day, then the effectiveness decreased until 548 days. Specimen geometry and size, and casting direction had a significant effect on the rate of expansion. Cylindrical specimens expanded at a higher rate than the prisms until 56 days in the range from 43% to 37%, and from 9% to 15% at 90 days until test termination at 548 days. Specimens cast vertically exhibited an increase in expansion over the others cast horizontally in the range from 2.63% to 8.41%. Specimens Ø100×200mm reveal lower expansion in the range from 5.89% to 9.52% than specimens Ø75×285mm.
Concrete mixtures incorporating steel, macro, and micro polypropylene, micro nylon fibres, and FCRA with and without SF were examined. Based on balancing between mechanical properties, durability indices, and electrical resistivity, FRC incorporating micro polypropylene with SF, and CRC contained FCRA with silica were selected as FRC and CRC jacketing.
Strengthening type, strengthening time, and testing time after applying strengthening materials showed a significant effect to control ASR expansion and enhanced the damaged concrete properties. For instance, CFRP exhibited a significant reduction in expansion compared to that with control specimens and followed by BFRP, CRC with BFRP, Mortar with GG, Mortar with BFRP, and FRC, respectively. Moreover, strengthening at early ages revealed decreases mechanical properties as a result of high residual expansion. However, testing at early ages showed higher results proved the exposure conditions had an adverse effect on the strengthening materials.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Hassan, Sameh
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Program:Civil Engineering
Date:29 February 2019
Thesis Supervisor(s):Nokken, Michelle and Soliman, Ahmed
ID Code:985251
Deposited By: SAMEH HASSAN
Deposited On:10 Jun 2019 20:34
Last Modified:10 Jun 2019 20:34

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