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Fouling and wetting in the membrane distillation driven wastewater reclamation process – A review

Title:

Fouling and wetting in the membrane distillation driven wastewater reclamation process – A review

Choudhury, Mahbuboor Rahman, Anwar, Nawrin, Jassby, David and Saifur Rahaman, Md. (2019) Fouling and wetting in the membrane distillation driven wastewater reclamation process – A review. Advances in Colloid and Interface Science . ISSN 00018686 (In Press)

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cis.2019.04.008

Abstract

Fouling and wetting of membranes are significant concerns that can impede widespread application of the membrane distillation (MD) process during high-salinity wastewater reclamation. Fouling, caused by the accumulation of undesirable materials on the membrane surface and pores, causes a decrease in permeate flux. Whereas membrane wetting, the direct permeation of the feed solution through the membrane pores, results in reduced contaminant rejection and overall process failure. Lately, the application of MD for water recovery from various types of wastewaters has gained increased attention among researchers. In this review, we discuss fouling and wetting phenomena observed during the MD process, along with the effects of various mitigation strategies. In addition, we examine the interactions between contaminants and different types of MD membranes and the influence of different operating conditions on the occurrence of fouling and wetting. We also report on previously investigated feed pre-treatment options before MD, application of integrated MD processes, the performance of fabricated/modified MD membranes, and strategies for MD membrane maintenance during water reclamation. We also discussed energy consumption and economic aspects of MD for wastewater recovery. Throughout the review, we engage in discussions highlighting research needs for furthering the development of MD: notably the incorporation of MD in the overall wastewater treatment and recovery scheme (including selection of appropriate membrane material, suitable pre-treatment or integrated processes, and membrane maintenance strategies), and the application of MD in long-term pilot-scale studies using real wastewater.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Choudhury, Mahbuboor Rahman and Anwar, Nawrin and Jassby, David and Saifur Rahaman, Md.
Journal or Publication:Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Date:27 April 2019
Funders:
  • The Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.1016/j.cis.2019.04.008
Keywords:Membrane distillation; fouling; wetting; wastewater; reclamation
ID Code:985345
Deposited By: MICHAEL BIRON
Deposited On:17 May 2019 17:23
Last Modified:17 May 2019 17:23

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