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Effects of Dance/Movement Training vs. Aerobic Exercise Training on cognition, physical fitness and quality of life in older adults: a randomized controlled trial

Title:

Effects of Dance/Movement Training vs. Aerobic Exercise Training on cognition, physical fitness and quality of life in older adults: a randomized controlled trial

Esmail, Alida, Vrinceanu, Tudor, Lussier, Maxime, Predovan, David, Berryman, Nicolas, Houle, Janie, Karelis, Antony, Grenier, Sébastien, Minh Vu, Thien Tuong, Villalpando, Juan Manuel and Bherer, Louis (2019) Effects of Dance/Movement Training vs. Aerobic Exercise Training on cognition, physical fitness and quality of life in older adults: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies . ISSN 13608592 (In Press)

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2019.05.004

Abstract

Introduction
It is generally accepted that physical activity promotes healthy aging. Recent studies suggest dance could also benefit cognition and physical health in seniors, but many styles and approaches of dance exist and rigorous designs for intervention studies are still scarce. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of Dance/Movement Training (DMT) to Aerobic Exercise Training (AET) on cognition, physical fitness and health-related quality of life in healthy inactive elderly.

Methods
A single-center, randomized, parallel assignment, open label trial was conducted with sixty-two older adults (mean age = 67.48 ± 5.37 years) recruited from the community. Participants were randomly assigned to a 12-week (3x/week, 1hr/session) DMT program, AET program or control group. Cognitive functioning, physical fitness and health-related quality of life were assessed at baseline (T-0), and post-training (T-12 weeks).

Results
Forty-one participants completed the study. Executive and non-executive composite scores showed a significant increase post-training (F(1,37)=4.35, p=.04; F(1,37)=7.01, p=.01). Cardiovascular fitness improvements were specific to the AET group (F(2,38)=16.40, p<.001) while mobility improvements were not group-dependent (10m walk: F(1,38)=11.67, p=.002; Timed up and go: F(1,38)=22.07, p<.001).

Conclusions
Results suggest that DMT may have a positive impact on cognition and physical functioning in older adults however further research is needed. This study could serve as a model for designing future RCTs with dance-related interventions.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Psychology
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Esmail, Alida and Vrinceanu, Tudor and Lussier, Maxime and Predovan, David and Berryman, Nicolas and Houle, Janie and Karelis, Antony and Grenier, Sébastien and Minh Vu, Thien Tuong and Villalpando, Juan Manuel and Bherer, Louis
Journal or Publication:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Date:7 May 2019
Funders:
  • Les Grands Ballets Canadiens de Montréal
  • Quebec Ministry of Health and Social Services
  • Concordia University Chair in Preventive Health Research
  • Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.1016/j.jbmt.2019.05.004
Keywords:Executive Functions; Cardiovascular Fitness; Prevention; Mobility; Quality of Life
ID Code:985399
Deposited By: MICHAEL BIRON
Deposited On:17 May 2019 19:38
Last Modified:04 May 2020 00:00

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