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Wavelet-based noise reduction of cDNA microarray images

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Wavelet-based noise reduction of cDNA microarray images

Howlader, Tamanna (2009) Wavelet-based noise reduction of cDNA microarray images. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

The advent of microarray imaging technology has lead to enormous progress in the life sciences by allowing scientists to analyze the expression of thousands of genes at a time. For complementary DNA (cDNA) microarray experiments, the raw data are a pair of red and green channel images corresponding to the treatment and control samples. These images are contaminated by a high level of noise due to the numerous noise sources affecting the image formation. A major challenge of microarray image analysis is the extraction of accurate gene expression measurements from the noisy microarray images. A crucial step in this process is denoising, which consists of reducing the noise in the observed microarray images while preserving the signal information as much as possible. This thesis deals with the problem of developing novel methods for reducing noise in cDNA microarray images for accurate estimation of the gene expression levels. Denoising methods based on the wavelet transform have shown significant success when applied to natural images. However, these methods are not very efficient for reducing noise in cDNA microarray images. An important reason for this is that existing methods are only capable of processing the red and green channel images separately. In doing so. they ignore the signal correlation as well as the noise correlation that exists between the wavelet coefficients of the two channels. The primary objective of this research is to design efficient wavelet-based noise reduction algorithms for cDNA microarray images that take into account these inter-channel dependencies by 'jointly' estimating the noise-free coefficients in both the channels. Denoising algorithms are developed using two types of wavelet transforms, namely, the frequently-used discrete wavelet transform (DWT) and the complex wavelet transform (CWT). The main advantage of using the DWT for denoising is that this transform is computationally very efficient. In order to obtain a better denoising performance for microarray images, however, the CWT is preferred to DWT because the former has good directional selectivity properties that are necessary for better representation of the circular edges of spots. The linear minimum mean squared error and maximum a posteriori estimation techniques are used to develop bivariate estimators for the noise-free coefficients of the two images. These estimators are derived by utilizing appropriate joint probability density functions for the image coefficients as well as the noise coefficients of the two channels. Extensive experimentations are carried out on a large set of cDNA microarray images to evaluate the performance of the proposed denoising methods as compared to the existing ones. Comparisons are made using standard metrics such as the peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) for measuring the amount of noise removed from the pixels of the images, and the mean absolute error for measuring the accuracy of the estimated log-intensity ratios obtained from the denoised version of the images. Results indicate that the proposed denoising methods that are developed specifically for the microarray images do, indeed, lead to more accurate estimation of gene expression levels. Thus, it is expected that the proposed methods will play a significant role in improving the reliability of the results obtained from practical microarray experiments.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Mathematics and Statistics
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Howlader, Tamanna
Pagination:xviii, 121 leaves : ill. ; 29 cm.
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Program:Mathematics
Date:2009
Thesis Supervisor(s):Chaubey, Y. P
ID Code:976541
Deposited By: Concordia University Library
Deposited On:22 Jan 2013 16:28
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:42
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