Login | Register

Monitoring Occupancy and Office Equipment Energy Consumption Using Real-Time Location System and Wireless Energy Meters

Title:

Monitoring Occupancy and Office Equipment Energy Consumption Using Real-Time Location System and Wireless Energy Meters

Masoudifar, Nassim (2014) Monitoring Occupancy and Office Equipment Energy Consumption Using Real-Time Location System and Wireless Energy Meters. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

[img]
Preview
Text (application/pdf)
Masoudifar_MSc_F2014.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Spectrum Terms of Access.
5MB

Abstract

Buildings are one of the major energy consumers because of the need to meet occupants’ requirements. The commercial/institutional sector accounted for 14% of total energy consumption in Canada in 2009 while office buildings consumed 35% of this amount. Auxiliary equipment used 19% of the total energy consumed in office buildings. Previous studies showed the impact of occupancy behavior on IT equipment energy consumption. This thesis proposes a new method for monitoring occupancy behavior and energy consumption of IT equipment. Two wireless sensor technologies are investigated to collect the required data and to build an occupancy behavior estimation profile: Ultra-Wideband Real-Time Location System for occupancy location monitoring and ZigBee wireless energy meters for monitoring the energy consumption of IT equipment. The occupancy monitoring data gained from the UWB are used to create the occupants’ hourly profile. The occupancy profile based on short-time monitoring can be used to simulate long-term energy consumption. In conclusion, the comparison between the results shows up to 11% and 24% saving for heating loads and cooling loads, respectively. The proposed method profiles also resulted in up to 65% and 78% reduction for lighting and IT equipment energy consumption in the office, respectively. Therefore, dynamic occupancy driven profiles will reduce the energy consumption.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Masoudifar, Nassim
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M. Sc.
Program:Building Engineering
Date:15 August 2014
Thesis Supervisor(s):Hammad, Amin
ID Code:978948
Deposited By: NASSIM MASOUDIFAR
Deposited On:03 Nov 2014 14:09
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:48

References:

Aggarwal, J.K., and M.S. Ryoo. 2011. "Human Activity Analysis: A Review." ACM Computing Surveys, 43 (3).
Allcott, H. 2010. "Behavior and Energy Policy." Science, 327(5970): 1204–1205.
ASHRAE. 2002. ASHRAE Guideline 14 for Measurement of Energy and Demand Savings. American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers, Atlanta, GA.
Attia, A., L. Beltrán, A.D. Herde, and J. Hensen. 2009. "Architect Friendly: A Comparison of Ten Different Building Performance Simulation Tools." Eleventh International IBPSA Conference, Glasgow, Scotland.
Bourgeois, D. 2005. "Detailed Occupancy Prediction, Occupancy-Sensing Control and Advanced Behavioural Modelling within Whole-Building Energy Simulation." l’Université Laval, Canada.
Conti, J., P. Holtberg, J. A. Beamon, S. Napolitano, A. M. Schaal, J. T. Turnure, and L. Westfall. 2013. The International Energy Outlook. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). Washington.
Croome, D.C. 2011. "Sustainable Intelligent Buildings for People: A review." Intelligent Buildings International, 3(2): 67-86.
Delaney, D.T., G.M.P. O’Hare, and A.G. Ruzzelli. 2009. "Evaluation of Energy-Efficiency in Lighting Systems Using Sensor Networks." Proceedings of the First ACM Workshop on Embedded Sensing Systems for Energy-Efficiency in Buildings, BuildSys '09. New York: ACM. 61-66.
Ergen, S.C. 2004. "ZigBee/IEEE 802.15. 4 Summary." UC Berkeley 10.
Erickson, V., M. Carreira-Perpinan, and A. Cerpa. 2010. "OBSERVE: Occupancy-Based System for Efficient Reduction of HVAC Energy for Efficient Reduction of HVAC Energy." 2nd ACM Workshop on Embedded Sensing Systems for Energy-Efficiency in Building, BuildSys ’10. New York: ACM.
Erickson, V.L., Y. Lin, A. Kamthe, B. Rohini, A. Surana, A.E. Cerpa, M.D. Sohn, and S. Narayanan. 2009. "Energy Efficient Building Environment Control Strategies Using Realtime Occupancy Measurements." 1st ACM Workshop on Embedded Sensing Systems for Energy-Efficiency in Buildings. BuildSys ’09. ACM. 19-24.
Faruqui, A., S. Sergici, and A. Sharif. 2010. "The Impact of Informational Feedback on Energy Consumption—A Survey of the Experimental Evidence." Energy, 35(4): 1598-1608.
Fischer, C. 2008. "Feedback on Household Electricity Consumption: A Tool for Saving Energy?" Energy Efficiency, 1(1): 79–104.
Gillott, M., R. Holland, S. Riffat, and J.A. Fitchett. 2006. "Post-Occupancy Evaluation of Space Use in a Dwelling Using RFID Tracking." Architectural Engineering and Design Management, 2(4): 273-288.
Goldstein, R., A. Tessier, and A. Khan. 2011. "Space Layout in Occupant Behavior Simulation." International IBPSA Conference, Sydney, Australia.
Hagras, H., V. Callaghan, M. Colley, G. Clarke, A. Pounds-Cornish, and H. Duman. 2004. "Creating an Ambient-Intelligence Environment Using Embedded Agents, Intelligent Systems." IEEE. 12–20.
Harle, R. K., and A. Hopper. 2008. "The Potential for Location-Aware Power Management." 10th international conference on Ubiquitous computing. New York: ACM. 302-311.
Harris, C., and V. Cahill. 2005. "Exploiting User Behaviour for Context-Aware Power Management." Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications. Montreal: IEEE. 122-130.
Hoes, P., J.L.M. Hensen, M.G.L.C. Loomans, B. De Vies, and D. Bourgeois. 2009. "User Behavior in Whole Building Simulation." Energy and Buildings, 41(3), 8 pages. 41(3): 295–302.
Hong, T, H.W. Lin, W.K. Chang, L. Wang, W. Turner, D. Yan, D. Zhu, et al. 2013. Building Performance Simulation. Berkeley: Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
Jazizadeha, F., G. Kavulya, J.Y. Kwak, B. Becerik-Gerber, M. Tambe, and W. Wood. 2012. "Human-Building Interaction for Energy Conservation in OfficeBuildings." Construction Research Congress.
Kamthe, A., L. Jiang, M. Dudys, and A. Cerpa. 2009. "SCOPES: Smart Cameras Object Position." 6th European Conference on Wireless Sensor Networks (EWSN), EWSN ’09. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg: EWSN. 279–295.
Kim, Y., Z. Charbiwala, A. Singhania, T. Schmid, and M. B. Srivastava. 2008. "SPORTLIGHT: Personal Natural Resource Consumption Profiler." Charlottesville: HotEmNets.
Krygiel, E., and B. Nies. 2008. Green BIM:Successful Sustainable Design with Building Information Modeling. Indianapolis: Wiley.
Lee, S.W., and K. Mase. 2002. "Activity and Location Recognition Using Wearable Sensors." Pervasive Computing 1 (3): 24-32.
Levine, M., D. Ürge Vorsatz, K. Blok, L. Geng, D. Harvey, S. Lang, G. Levermore, et al. 2007. Residential and Commercial Buildings. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
Li, N., G. Calis, and Burcin B.G. 2012. "Measuring and Monitoring Cccupancy with an RFID Based System for Demand-Driven HVAC Operations." Automation in Construction, 24: 89-99.
Li, Nan, and B. Becerik-Gerber. 2011. "Performance-Based Evaluation of RFID-Based Indoor Location Sensing Solutions for the Built Environment." Advanced Engineering Informatics, 535–546.
Liu, H., H. Darabi, P. Banerjee, and J. Liu. 2007. "Survey of Wireless Indoor Positioning Techniques and Systems." IEEE Transactions on: Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part C: Applications and Reviews, 37(6): 1067-1080.
Malik, A. 2009. RTLS for Dummies. Indianapolis, Indiana: Wiley. Accessed November 8, 2013. <http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-047039868X.html>.
Marchiori, A., and Q. Han. 2010. "Distributed Wireless Control for Building Energy Management." Proceedings of the 2nd ACM Workshop on Embedded Sensing Systems for Energy-Efficiency in Building, BuildSys ’10. New York: ACM. 37–42.
Masoudifar, N., A. Hammad, and M Rezaee. 2014. "Monitoring Occupancy and Office Equipment Energy Consumption Using Real-Time Location System and Wireless Energy Meters." Winter Simulation Conference. Savannah, GA.
Menezes, A.C., A. Cripps, R.A Buswell, and D. Bouchlaghem. 2013. "Benchmarking Small Power Energy Consumption in Office Buildings in the United Kingdom: A Review of Data Published in CIBSE Guide F." Building Services Engineering Research and Technology, 34: 73-86.
Munoz, D., F. B. Lara, C. Vargas, and R. Enriquez-Caldera. 2009. "Position Location Techniques and Applications." Academic Press: 1st Edition. Mexico.
National Resource Canada. 2011. 15th Edition of Energy Efficiency Trends in Canada. Ottawa: National Resource Canada. Accessed October 28, 2013. <www.nrcan.gc.ca.>
Newsham, G.R., and B.J. Birt. 2010. "Building-Level Occupancy Data to Improve ARIMA-Based Electricity Use Forecasts." 2nd ACM Workshop on Embedded Sensing Systems for Energy-Efficiency in Building, BuildSys ’10. New York: ACM. 13-18.
Nguyen, T.A., and M. Aiello. 2013. "Energy intelligent buildings based on user activity: A Survey." Energy and Buildings, 56:244-257.
Padmanabh, K., A. Malikarjuna, V.S. Sen, S.P. Katru, A. Kumar, S.P.C.S.K. Vuppala, and S. Paul. 2009. "iSense: A Wireless Sensor Network Based Conference Room Management System." First ACM Workshop on Embedded Sensing Systems for Energy-Efficiency in Buildings. New York: ACM. 37-42.
Page, J. 2007. "Simulating Occupant Presence and Behaviour in Buildings." PhD Thesis, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne. Switzerland.
Page, J., D. Robinson, N. Morel, and J.L. Scartezzini. 2008. "A Generalised Stochastic Model for the Simulation of Occupant Presence." Energy and Buildings, 40(2): 83-98.
Peschiera, G., and J. E Taylor. 2012. "The Impact of Peer Network Position on Electricity Consumption in Building Occupant Networks Utilizing Energy Feedback Systems." Energy and Buildings, 49:584-590.
Petersen, J. E., V. Shunturov, K. Janda, G. Platt, and K. Weinberger. 2007. "Dormitory Residents Reduce Electricity Consumption When Exposed to Real-Time Visual Feedback and Incentives." International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 8(1):16–33.
Rodriguez, S. 2010. "Experimental Study on Location Tracking of Construction Resources Using UWB for Better Productivity and Safety." MA.Sc. Thesis, Concordia University. Montreal, Canada
Sana. 2013. "A Survey of Indoor Localization Techniques." IOSR Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, 6(3): 69-76.
Shalini, S.M. 2011. "Evaluating the Ability of eQUEST Software to Simulate Low-energy Buildings in a Cold Climatic Region." MA.Sc. Thesis, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
Singh, V. 2011. "Analysis Methods for Post Occupancy Evaluation of Energy-Use in High Performance Buildings Using Short-Term Monitoring." MA.Sc. Thesis, Arizona State University. Phoenix, Arizona.
Sohraby, K., D. Minoli, and T. Znati. 2007. "Introduction and Overview of Wireless Sensor Networks." In Wireless Sensor Network Technology, Protocols, and Applications, 1-30. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey.
Smartenit. 2013. Accessed November 7, 2013. <http://simplehomenet.com.>
Spataru, C., and M. Gillott. 2012. "Using a RTL System Based on RFID Technology for Monitoring Occupants Domestic Energy Use and Behaviour." 3rd International Conference on Sustainability of Energy and Buildings. Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies. 471-480.
Spataru, C., M. Gillott, and M.R. Hall. 2010. "Domestic Energy and Occupancy: A Novel Post-Occupancy Evaluation Study." Low-Carbon Technologies, 5(3): 148-157.
Sun, Z., Wang, S., Ma, Z. 2011. "In-Situ Implementation and Validation of a CO2 Based Adaptive Demand-Controlled Ventilation Strategy in a Multi-Zone Office Building." Building Environment, 46(1):124-133.
Tabak, V. 2008. "User Simulation of Space Utilisation: System for Office Building Usage Simulation." PhD Thesis, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven. Eindhoven, Netherlands:
Tachwali, Y., Refai, H., Fagan, J. E. 2007. "Minimizing HVAC Energy Consumption Using a Wireless Sensor Network." 33rd Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics. IEEE. 439-44.
Ubisense. 2013. Accessed November, 2013. <http://www.ubisense.ne.>
Ueno, T., F. Sano, O. Saeki, and K. Tsuji. 2006. "Effectiveness of an Energy-Consumption Information System on Energy Savings in Residential Houses Based on Monitored Data." Applied Energy, 83:166–183.
Vassileva, I., M. Odlare, F. Wallin, and E. Dahlquist. 2012. "The Impact of Consumers’ Feedback Preferences on Domestic Electricity Consumption." Applied Energy, 39:575–582.
Ward, A. M. R. 2007. "In-Building Location Systems". Proceedings of the the Institution of Engineering and Technology Seminar on Location Technologies. London, U.K. 1-18.
Ward, A. M. R., and P. M. Webster. 2009. "Location Device and System using UWB and Non-UWB Signals". U.S Patent US 7636062 B2. December 22.
Wilke, U., F. Haldi, J.L. JScartezzini, and D. Robinson. 2012. "A Bottom-Up Stochastic Model to Predict Building Occupants’ Time-Dependent." Building and Environment, 60:254-264.
Wong, J., H. Li, and S. Wang. 2005. "Intelligent Building Research: A Review." Automation in Construction, 14(1): 143-159.
Yang, G. 2012. "Energy Simulation in Existing Buildings: Calibrating the Model for Retrofit Studies." Report, Faculty of the USC School of Architecture, University of Southern California, California.
Yang, Z., N. Li, b. Becerik-Gerber, and M. Orosz. 2012. "A Non-Intrusive Occupancy Monitoring System for Demand Driven HVAC Operations." Construction Research Congress. West Lafayette: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). 828-837.
Yu, T. 2010. "Modeling Occupancy Behavior for Energy Efficiency and Occupants Comfort." ICMLA '10 Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications. Washington: ICMLA 2010. 726-731.
ZigBee Alliance. 2013. Accessed November, 2013. <https://www.ZigBee.org>.
All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved. The use of items is governed by Spectrum's terms of access.

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads per month over past year

Back to top Back to top