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Chronic Illness and Loneliness in Older Adulthood: The Role of Self-Protective Control Strategies

Title:

Chronic Illness and Loneliness in Older Adulthood: The Role of Self-Protective Control Strategies

Barlow, Meaghan A. (2015) Chronic Illness and Loneliness in Older Adulthood: The Role of Self-Protective Control Strategies. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

This study examined whether levels of chronic illness predict enhanced feelings of loneliness in older adulthood. In addition, it investigated whether engagement in health-related self-protection (e.g., positive reappraisals), but not in health engagement control strategies (e.g., investment of time and effort), would buffer the adverse effect of chronic illness on older adults’ feelings of loneliness. Loneliness was examined repeatedly in two-year intervals over eight years in a longitudinal study of 121 community-dwelling older adults (ageT1 = 64 to 83 years). In addition, levels of chronic illness, health-related control strategies, and sociodemographic variables were assessed at baseline. Growth-curve models showed that loneliness linearly increased over time, and that this effect was observed only among participants who reported high, but not low, baseline levels of chronic illness. In addition, health-related self-protection, but not health engagement control strategies, buffered the adverse effect of chronic illness on increases in loneliness. Loneliness increases in older adulthood as a function of chronic illness. Older adults who engage in self-protective strategies to cope with their health threats may be protected from experiencing this adverse effect.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Psychology
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Barlow, Meaghan A.
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A.
Program:Psychology
Date:15 April 2015
Thesis Supervisor(s):Wrosch, Carsten
ID Code:979925
Deposited By: MEAGHAN BARLOW
Deposited On:02 Nov 2015 15:48
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:50
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