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Effect of Stack Height and Exhaust Velocity on Pollutant Dispersion in the Wake of a Building

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Effect of Stack Height and Exhaust Velocity on Pollutant Dispersion in the Wake of a Building

Lateb, M., Masson, C., Stathopoulos, T. and Bedard, C. (2011) Effect of Stack Height and Exhaust Velocity on Pollutant Dispersion in the Wake of a Building. Atmospheric Environment, 45 (29). pp. 5150-5163.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.06.040

Abstract

The dispersion of pollutants exhausted from a building roof stack located in the wake of a tower is investigated by means of the realizable k–ɛ turbulence model. Variations in stack height and pollutant exhaust velocity are considered to assess their influence on the distribution of pollutant concentrations in the neighbourhood of the emitting building. In order to determine optimum locations for fresh-air intakes, the worst case is considered, namely when the wind originates directly upstream of the tower and places the emitting building in its wake. Special attention is given to the evolution of the plume and distribution of pollutant concentrations on the roof and windward wall of the emitting building, as well as on the leeward wall of the upwind tower. Simulation results are compared to wind tunnel experiments conducted in a boundary layer wind tunnel. For this particular configuration, the paper shows that increasing the stack height has an effect similar to that obtained by increasing the momentum ratio, but with some differences, depending upon which wall of the two buildings is considered. On the emitting building, the leeward wall has the lowest concentration values for all stack heights and momentum ratios considered; thus this is the best location for fresh-air intakes. However, for the tower, fresh-air intakes should not be located on the leeward wall due to high pollutant concentrations. The results show completely different pollutant dispersion patterns from those for an isolated building. This highlights the importance of accounting for structures that lie in close proximity to the emitting building.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Lateb, M. and Masson, C. and Stathopoulos, T. and Bedard, C.
Journal or Publication:Atmospheric Environment
Date:2011
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.06.040
ID Code:981683
Deposited By: THEODORE STATHOPOULOS
Deposited On:20 Sep 2016 15:27
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:53
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