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Exploring the role of locomotor sensitization in the circadian food entrainment pathway

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Exploring the role of locomotor sensitization in the circadian food entrainment pathway

Opiol, Hanna, de Zavalia, Nuria, Delorme, Tara, Solis, Pavel, Rutherford, Spencer, Shalev, Uri and Amir, Shimon (2017) Exploring the role of locomotor sensitization in the circadian food entrainment pathway. PLOS ONE, 12 (3). e0174113. ISSN 1932-6203

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0174113

Abstract

Food entrainment is the internal mechanism whereby the phase and period of circadian clock genes comes under the control of daily scheduled food availability. Food entrainment allows the body to efficiently realign the internal timing of behavioral and physiological functions such that they anticipate food intake. Food entrainment can occur with or without caloric restriction, as seen with daily schedules of restricted feeding (RF) or restricted treat (RT) that restrict food or treat intake to a single feeding time. However, the extent of clock gene control is more pronounced with caloric restriction, highlighting the role of energy balance in regulating clock genes. Recent studies have implicated dopamine (DA) to be involved in food entrainment and caloric restriction is known to affect dopaminergic pathways to enhance locomotor activity. Since food entrainment results in the development of a distinct behavioral component, called food anticipatory activity (FAA), we examined the role of locomotor sensitization (LS) in food entrainment by 1) observing whether amphetamine (AMPH) sensitization results in enhanced locomotor output of FAA and 2) measuring LS of circadian and non-circadian feeding paradigms to an acute injection of AMPH (AMPH cross-sensitization). Unexpectedly, AMPH sensitization did not show enhancement of FAA. On the contrary, LS did develop with sufficient exposure to RF. LS was present after 2 weeks of RF, but not after 1, 3 or 7 days into RF. When food was returned and rats regain their original body weight at 10–15 days post-RF, LS remained present. LS did not develop to RT, nor to feedings of a non-circadian schedule, e.g. variable restricted feeding (VRF) or variable RT (VRT). Further, when RF was timed to the dark period, LS was observed only when tested at night; RF timed to the light period resulted in LS that was present during day and night. Taken together our results show that LS develops with food entrainment to RF, an effect that is dependent on the chronicity and circadian phase of RF but independent of body weight. Given that LS involves reorganization of DA-regulated motor circuitry, our work provides indirect support for the role of DA in the food entrainment pathway of RF. The findings also suggest differences in neuronal pathways involved in LS from AMPH sensitization and LS from RF.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Psychology
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Opiol, Hanna and de Zavalia, Nuria and Delorme, Tara and Solis, Pavel and Rutherford, Spencer and Shalev, Uri and Amir, Shimon
Journal or Publication:PLOS ONE
Date:2017
Funders:
  • Concordia Open Access Author Fund
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.1371/journal.pone.0174113
ID Code:982280
Deposited By: DANIELLE DENNIE
Deposited On:23 Mar 2017 21:10
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:54
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