Login | Register

Solitary drinking is associated with specific alcohol problems in emerging adults

Title:

Solitary drinking is associated with specific alcohol problems in emerging adults

Keough, Matthew T., O'Connor, Roisin M. and Stewart, Sherry H. (2017) Solitary drinking is associated with specific alcohol problems in emerging adults. Addictive Behaviors . ISSN 03064603 (In Press)

[img]
Preview
Text (application/pdf)
o-connor-addictive-behavior-2017.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Spectrum Terms of Access.
546kB

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.08.024

Abstract

Hazardous drinking in emerging adulthood is associated with multiple domains of alcohol problems, which range in type and severity. Alcohol problems at the severe end of the spectrum (e.g., impaired control) may be early warning signs of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) among emerging adults. However, given the emphasis in the literature on predictors of overall problem risk, we still know very little about predictors of these specific (and severe) domains of alcohol problems in emerging adults. Many emerging adults drink at social events (e.g., parties), but an estimated 15% engage in solitary drinking. Solitary drinking – a developmentally atypical behavior in emerging adulthood – may be especially risky. Data suggests that frequent solitary drinking may reflect a loss of control over drinking, leading to hazardous use and subsequent problems. Accordingly, we expected that frequent solitary drinking among emerging adults would predict severe alcohol problems that map onto diagnostic criteria for AUDs and these effects would be mediated by hazardous alcohol use. Undergraduates (N = 118) completed self-report measures as a part of a larger study on motivation and alcohol use. As predicted, path analysis showed that solitary drinking positively predicted hazardous alcohol use, and this in turn predicted severe alcohol problems associated with diagnostic criteria for AUDs, particularly risky behaviors and blackout drinking. Solitary drinking also positively predicted less severe problems of diminished self-perception and poor self-care through hazardous use. Though comparatively smaller, some indirect effects were observed from social drinking (at parties, but not at bars) to alcohol problems, via hazardous alcohol use. Overall, our results suggest that solitary drinking is particularly harmful in emerging adulthood.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Psychology
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Keough, Matthew T. and O'Connor, Roisin M. and Stewart, Sherry H.
Journal or Publication:Addictive Behaviors
Date:31 August 2017
Funders:
  • CIHR
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.08.024
Keywords:Alcohol problemsEmerging adultsUniversitySolitary drinking
ID Code:982996
Deposited By: DANIELLE DENNIE
Deposited On:07 Sep 2017 20:55
Last Modified:01 Sep 2018 00:01

References:

A. Abbey, M.J. Smith, R.O. Scott The relationship between reasons for drinking alcohol and alcohol consumption: An interactional approach Addictive Behaviors, 18 (1993), pp. 659-670

E.M. Adlaf, A. Demers, L. Gliksman Canadian campus survey 2004 Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON (2005)

A.E. Barry, B.H. Chaney, M.L. Stellefson, V. Dodd Evaluating the psychometric properties of the AUDIT-C among college students Journal of Substance Use, 20 (2015), pp. 1-5

C. Bourgault, A. Demers Solitary drinking: A risk factor for alcohol-related problems? Addiction, 92 (3) (1997), pp. 303-312

K. Bush, D.R. Kivlahan, M.B. McDonell, S.D. Fihn, K.A. Bradley The AUDIT alcohol consumption questions (AUDIT-C): An effective brief screening test for problem drinking. Ambulatory Care Quality Improvement Project (ACQUIP). Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test Archives of Internal Medicine, 158 (16) (1998), pp. 1789-1795

M. Christiansen, P.W. Vik, A. Jarchow College student heavy drinking in social contexts versus alone Addictive Behaviors, 27 (3) (2002), pp. 393-404


J. Cohen The earth is round (p < .05) American Psychologist, 49 (1994), pp. 997-1003

M.L. Cooper Motivations for alcohol use among adolescents: Development and validation of a four-factor model Psychological Assessment, 6 (1994), pp. 117-128

K.G. Creswell, T. Chung, D.B. Clark, C.S. Martin Solitary alcohol use in teens is associated with drinking in response to negative affect and predicts alcohol problems in young adulthood Clinical Psychological Science (2013)

K.S. DeMartini, K.B. Carey Correlates of AUDIT risk status for male and female college students Journal of American College Health, 58 (2009), pp. 233-239

M.S. Fritz, D.P. MacKinnon Required sample size to detect the mediated effect Psychological Science, 18 (2007), pp. 233-239

V.M. Gonzalez, L.R. Collins, C.M. Bradizza Solitary and social heavy drinking, suicide ideation, and drinking motives in underage college drinkers Addictive Behaviors, 34 (2009), pp. 993-999

V.M. Gonzalez, M.C. Skewes Solitary heavy drinking, social relationships, and negative mood regulation in college drinkers Addiction Research and Theory, 21 (4) (2012), pp. 285-294

L. Holyfield, L.J. Ducharme, J.K. Martin Drinking contexts, alcohol beliefs, and patterns of alcohol consumption: Evidence for a comprehensive model of problem drinking The Journal of Drug Issues, 25 (1995), pp. 783-798

L.T. Hu, P.M. Bentler Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives Structural Equation Modeling, 6 (1999), pp. 1-55

L.D. Johnston, P.M. O'Malley, J.G. Bachman The development of heavy drinking and alcohol-related problems from ages 18 to 37 in a U.S. national sample Journal of Studies in Alcohol, 61 (1998), pp. 290-300

M.T. Keough, S.R. Battista, R.M. O'Connor, S.B. Sherry, S.H. Stewart Getting the party started - alone: Solitary predrinking mediates the association between social anxiety and alcohol-related problems Addictive Behaviors, 55 (2016), pp. 19-24

M.T. Keough, R.M. O'Connor, C.R. Colder Testing the implicit and explicit cognitions underlying BIS-related drinking in young adults Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 40 (5) (2016), pp. 1065-1074

M.T. Keough, R.M. O'Connor, S.B. Sherry, S.H. Stewart Context counts: Solitary drinking explains the association between depressive symptoms and alcohol-related problems in undergraduates Addictive Behaviors, 42 (2015), pp. 216-221

R.B. Kline Principles and practice of structural equation modeling
Guilford Press, New York (2010)

R.B. Kline Beyond significance testing (2nd ed.), American Psychological Association, Washington, DC (2013)

E. Kuntsche, R.A. Knibbe, G. Gmel, R.C.M.E. Engels Why do young people drink? A review of drinking motives Clinical Psychology Review, 25 (2005), pp. 841-861

C. Lambdin Significance tests as sorcery: Science is empirical—significance tests are not Theory & Psychology, 22 (2012), pp. 67-90

V. Magid, M.G. MacLean, C.R. Colder Differentiating between sensation seeking and impulsivity through their mediated relations with alcohol use and problems Addictive Behaviours, 32 (2007), pp. 2046-2061

J.E. Merrill, J.P. Read Motivational pathways to unique types of alcohol consequences Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 24 (4) (2010), pp. 705-711

J.E. Merrill, J.D. Wardell, J.P. Read Drinking motives in the prospective prediction of unique alcohol-related consequences in college students Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 75 (1) (2014), pp. 93-102

B.E. Miller, M.N. Miller, R. Verhegge, H.H. Linville, A.J. Pumariega Alcohol misuse among college athletes: Self-medication for psychiatric symptoms? Journal of Drug Education, 32 (2002), pp. 41-52

L.K. Muthén, B.O. Muthén Mplus user's guide: Version 7 Muthén and Muthén, Los Angeles, CA (2012)

J.A. Neff Solitary drinking, social isolation, and escape drinking motives as predictors of high quantity drinking, among Anglo, African American, and Mexican American males Alcohol and Alcoholism, 32 (1997), pp. 33-41

C.B. Nelson, R.J.A. Little, A.C. Heath, R.C. Kessler Patterns of DSM-III-R alcohol dependence symptom progression in a general population survey Psychological Medicine, 26 (1996), pp. 449-460

T.M. O'Hare Drinking in college: Consumption patterns, problems, sex differences and legal drinking age Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 51 (1990), pp. 536-541

R.O. Pihl, J.B. Peterson Alcoholism: The role of different motivational systems. Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience, 20 (1995), pp. 372-396

J.P. Read, C.W. Kahler, D.R. Strong, C.R. Colder Development and preliminary validation of the young adult alcohol consequences questionnaire Journal of Studies in Alcohol, 67 (2006), pp. 169-177

J.B. Saunders, O.G. Aasland, T.F. Babor, J.R. de la Fuente, M. Grant Development of the alcohol use disorders identification test (AUDIT): WHO collaborative project on early detection of persons with harmful alcohol consumption—II Addiction, 88 (1993), pp. 791-803
All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved. The use of items is governed by Spectrum's terms of access.

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads per month over past year

Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
- Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
Back to top Back to top