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Crossflow electrochemical filtration for elimination of ibuprofen and bisphenol a from pure and competing electrolytic solution conditions


Crossflow electrochemical filtration for elimination of ibuprofen and bisphenol a from pure and competing electrolytic solution conditions

Rahaman, Md. Saifur and Bakr, Ahmed Refaat (2019) Crossflow electrochemical filtration for elimination of ibuprofen and bisphenol a from pure and competing electrolytic solution conditions. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 365 . pp. 615-621. ISSN 03043894 (In Press)

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2018.11.015


For the first time, a crossflow electrochemical filtration system containing multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) blended with buckypaper as a flat sheet dual membrane electrode was investigated for the removal of two contaminants of emerging concern, Ibuprofen and Bisphenol A. Breakthrough experiments revealed that a crossflow configuration could be highly efficient in eliminating both contaminants at applied DC potentials of 2 and 3 V over an extended period, from pure salt electrolyte as well as from synthetic secondary wastewater effluent.

The shear flow provided consistent surface coverage resulting in excellent sorption performance. The long residence time of the two contaminants within the membrane (18.3 s) was sufficient enough to allow for almost complete degradation of phenolic aromatic products and quinoid rings and the resulting formation of aliphatic carboxylic acids, which was more evident at a higher applied potential (3 V). The formation of the non-toxic aliphatic carboxylic acids is a clear indication of the superior electrochemical performance of the crossflow mode over the dead-end flow-through system. Moreover, this study provides an in-depth understanding of different factors such as filter surface area and residence time that can greatly affect the removal of the contaminants considered.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Article
Authors:Rahaman, Md. Saifur and Bakr, Ahmed Refaat
Journal or Publication:Journal of Hazardous Materials
  • Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
  • Concordia University
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.1016/j.jhazmat.2018.11.015
Keywords:Crossflow electrochemical filtration; Buckypaper; Ibuprofen; Bisphenol A; Degradation
ID Code:984701
Deposited By: ALINE SOREL
Deposited On:27 Nov 2018 19:49
Last Modified:27 Nov 2018 19:49


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