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Athlete's Sleep and Performance Measures During The Competitive Season


Athlete's Sleep and Performance Measures During The Competitive Season

Onofrio, Mariann Cristina and Dover, Geoffrey C. (2012) Athlete's Sleep and Performance Measures During The Competitive Season. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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Important information about the effect of sleep on sport-specific performance measures during different athletic seasons is lacking. Therefore, objective sleep and performance measures in football players were examined during two seasons. This was done using a single group, repeated measures design at a university lab and athletics practice facility. Twenty-four healthy male football players (age=21.6±1.6years, weight=99.7±18.9kg, height=183.8±5.6cm) participated in the study.
Participants wore a wrist accelerometer, Actiwatch Score (AS), during 5 days in the off-season and the in-season, with the last recording being the night before a game. Sleep efficiency (SE) and total sleep time (TST) were calculated using wake-quiet activity from AS. All athletes also completed a self-report measures sleep diary before bedtime and upon awakening. Performance measures, including: reaction time test, handgrip strength, vertical jump, and the agility t-test, were recorded at the end of 5 days during the off-season and on the morning of game day during the in-season.
There was no significant change in SE between off-season and in-season (77.6±7.2% and 77.5±7.9%, p=0.962). There was a trend toward an increase in in-season TST (375.2±70.2min and 409.3±72.4min, p=0.056). There was no significant changes in performance measures between seasons (p values: 0.190 to 0.872).
There was no significant change in sleep measures between the off- season and in-season in university football players. However, the approximate 77% average of SE is alarmingly low. It is possible that student-athletes’ rigid schedules contribute to their poor sleep. Future studies are needed to determine the cause of poor sleep in football athletes.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Exercise Science
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Onofrio, Mariann Cristina and Dover, Geoffrey C.
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M. Sc.
Program:Exercise Science
Date:1 September 2012
Thesis Supervisor(s):Dover, Geoffrey C
Keywords:Sleep efficiency, athlete, football, collegiate, vertical jump, reaction time
ID Code:974623
Deposited On:30 Oct 2012 18:47
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:38


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