Login | Register

Brokering friends: Exploring social capital and online privacy of Latin American immigrants on Facebook


Brokering friends: Exploring social capital and online privacy of Latin American immigrants on Facebook

Fuenmayor, Eduardo (2013) Brokering friends: Exploring social capital and online privacy of Latin American immigrants on Facebook. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

[thumbnail of Fuenmayor_MA_F2013.pdf]
Text (application/pdf)
Fuenmayor_MA_F2013.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Spectrum Terms of Access.


In the networked society, migrations happen simultaneously offline and online. This thesis explores how privacy, our “portable territory of the self” (Fairfield, 2005), migrates physically and virtually, and describes the negotiations that take place when different notions of privacy converge on Facebook. By observing how Latin Americans aged 25 to 34 living in Montreal use Facebook to create social capital and how privacy implications impact on the creation of social capital on Facebook, this thesis incorporates cultural, institutional, and other contextual (offline) factors into the analysis of online privacy. Finally, this thesis proposes the concepts of instrumental privacy and expressive privacy to explain how goals, strategies, and actions for successful socialization are implemented on Facebook to create social capital.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Communication Studies
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Fuenmayor, Eduardo
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A.
Program:Media Studies
Date:28 August 2013
Thesis Supervisor(s):van Wyck, Peter
Keywords:facebook, online privacy, expressive privacy, instrumental privacy, surveillance, social capital, Latin Americans, immigrants, trust, mistrust, online socialization
ID Code:977720
Deposited On:25 Nov 2013 17:15
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:45


Ablanedo, I., Layton, M., & Moreno, A (2008, May). Encuesta nacional sobre filantropía y sociedad civil: Capital social en México, CPI Working Paper, No 18. Centro de Estudios y Programas Interamericanos. Mexico DF: Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México. Retrieved from http://interamericanos.itam.mx/working_papers/Layton_CapitalSocial.pdf
Aiello, J. R., & Thompson, D. (1980). Personal space, crowding, and spatial behavior in a cultural context. In Altman, I., Rapoport, A., & Wohlwill, J. (Eds.), Human behavior and environment: Advances in theory and research (Vol. 4, Environment and culture), pp. 107-178. New York, NY: Plenum Press.
Arthur, C. (2013, June 7). NSA scandal: what data is being monitored and how does it work? The Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/07/nsa-prism-records-surveillance-questions
Bilbao, H. (2013, August 2). Manuel Castells: “La sociabilidad real se da hoy en Internet.” Revista Ñ. Retrieved from
Bolter, J.D., & Grusin, R. (2000). Remediation: Understanding new media. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Bourdieu, P. (2011). The forms of capital. In Granovetter, M., & Swedberg, R. (Eds.), The sociology of economic life, pp. 78-92. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. [Article reprinted from Richardson, R. (Ed.), Handbook of theory and research for the sociology of education, pp. 241-258. Greenwood Press.]
boyd, d. (2008). Taken out of context: American teen sociality in networked publics. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from http://www.danah.org/papers/TakenOutOfContext.html
boyd, d., & Marwick, A. (2011). Social privacy in networked publics: Teens attitudes, practices, and strategies (paper presented at Oxford Internet Institute’s “A Decade in Internet Time: Symposium on the Dynamics of the Internet and Society” on September 22, 2011). Retrieved from https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1925128
Brenner, J., & Smith, A. (2013, August 5). 72% of online adults are social networking site users. Pew Internet and American Life Project. Retrieved from http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2013/social-networking-sites/Findings.aspx
Burn-Murdoch, J. (2013, August 14). The problem with algorithms: magnifying misbehavior. The Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2013/aug/14/problem-with-algorithms-magnifying-misbehaviour#one
Burt, R. (2005). Brokerage and closure. An introduction to social capital. Oxford, NY: Oxford University Press.
CBC Digital Archives (2013). Omnibus Bill: “There’s no place for the state in the bedrooms of the nation.” Retrieved on August 6, 2013 from http://www.cbc.ca/archives/categories/politics/rights-freedoms/trudeaus-omnibus-bill-challenging-canadian-taboos/theres-no-place-for-the-state-in-the-bedrooms-of-the-nation.html
CBC News (2013, Aug 7). N.S. cyberbullying legislation allows victims to sue. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/story/2013/08/07/ns-cyberbullying-law-rehtaeh.html
Cohen, N. (2008). The valorization of surveillance: Towards a political economy of Facebook. Democratic Communiqué, Spring, Vol. 22, Issue 1, pp. 5-22.
Coleman, J. (1990). Foundations of social theory. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Colorado, M., Díaz, P., Osorio, A., & Riaño-Alcalá, P. (2008). Forced migration of Colombians: A comparative study of fear, memory and social representation in Colombia, Ecuador and Canada (first edition in English). Vancouver, BC: School of Social Work, University of British Columbia. Retrieved from http://www.ligi.ubc.ca/sites/liu/files/Publications/Jan2008_ColombianRefugeesCanada.pdf
Constantini, C. (2011). Spanish in Miami: Diciendo ‘hola’ or saying ‘hello.’ Huffpost Miami. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/11/29/spanish-in-miami-diciendo_n_1118713.html
Corporación Latinobarómetro (2011). Informe 2011. Retrieved from http://www.infoamerica.org/primera/lb_2011.pdf
Ellison, N., Lampe, C., & Steinfield, C. (2007). The benefits of Facebook “friends:” Social capital and college students’ use of online social network sites. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, July, Vol. 12, Issue 4, pp. 1143-1168.
European Travel Commission (2013). Markets by country: Canada. New Media Trend Watch. Retrieved on June 17, 2013 from http://www.newmediatrendwatch.com/markets-by-country/11-long-haul/45-canada?showall=1
Facebook (2013a). Cookies, pixels & similar technologies. Retrieved on March 13, 2013 from https://www.facebook.com/help/cookies
Facebook (2013b). Newsroom / Key facts. Retrieved on June 20, 2013 from http://newsroom.fb.com/content/default.aspx?NewsAreaId=22
Fairfield, P. (2005). Public/Private. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Feezel, J., Conroy, M. & Guerrero, M. (2009). Facebook is... fostering political engagement: A study of online social networking groups and offline participation. Retrieved from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1451456
Fox News (2013). Unlike! Research links social networking to unhappiness. Retrieved on August 15, 2013 from http://www.foxnews.com/tech/2013/08/15/unlike-research-links-social-networking-to-unhappiness/
Fuller, S., & Todd, M. (2012). Predicting immigrant employment sequences in the first years of settlement. International Migration Review, Spring, Vol. 46, Issue 1, pp. 138-190.
Gargiulo, M., & Benassi, M. (1997). The dark side of social capital. Columbia International Affairs Online. Retrieved from http://www.ciaonet.org/wps/gam01/index.html
GMSA (2013). Mobile and privacy resources. GMSA. Retrieved from http://www.gsma.com/publicpolicy/mobile-and-privacy/resources
Granovetter, M. (1973). The strength of weak ties. American Journal of Sociology, May, Vol. 78, Issue 6, pp. 1360-1380.
Granovetter, M. (1985). Economic action and social structure: The problem of embeddedness. American Journal of Sociology, November, Vol. 91, Issue 3, pp. 481-510.
Granovetter, M., & Swedberg, R., (Eds.). (2011). The sociology of economic life. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Hall, E. T. (1969). The hidden dimension. New York, NY: Anchor Books.
Hall, E. T. (1973). The silent language. New York, NY: Anchor Books.
Hampton, K., Sessions, L., Rainie, L., & Purcell, K. (2011). Social networking sites and our lives. Pew Research Center. Retrieved from http://pewinternet.org/~/media//Files/Reports/2011/PIP%20-%20Social%20networking%20sites%20and%20our%20lives.pdf
Hampton, K., Sessions, L., Rainie, L., & Marlow, C. (2012, Feb. 3). Why most Facebook users get more than they give. The effect of Facebook ‘power users’ on everybody else. Pew Research Centre. Retrieved from http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2012/Facebook-users/Summary.aspx
Haythornthwhaite, C. (2007). Social Networks and online community. In Joinson, A., McKenna, K., Postmes, T., & Reips, U. (Eds.), Oxford handbook of internet psychology, pp. 121-136. Oxford, NY: Oxford University Press.
Ipsos. (2011). Canada’s love affair with online social networking continues. Retrieved from http://www.ipsos-na.com/news-polls/pressrelease.aspx?id=5286
Jiménez Cano, R. (2013, May 27). Niños en Tuenti, jóvenes en Twitter y adultos en Facebook. El País. Retrieved from http://tecnologia.elpais.com/tecnologia/2013/05/24/actualidad/1369410252_787182.html
Koetsier, J. (2013, July 30). How Facebook went from sucking at mobile to killing at mobile in 12 short months. Venture Beat. Retrieved from http://venturebeat.com/2013/07/30/how-facebook-went-from-sucking-at-mobile-to-killing-in-mobile-in-12-short-months/
Kross E., Verduyn P., Demiralp E., Park J., Lee D.S., et al. (2013) Facebook use predicts declines in subjective well-being in young adults.
Plos One, Vol. 8, Issue 8, e69841. Retrieved from http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0069841
Lewis, K., Kaufman, J., Gonzalez, M., Wimmer, A., & Christakis, N. (2008). Tastes, ties, and time: A new social network dataset using Facebook.com. Social Networks, October, Vol. 30, Issue 4, pp. 330-342.
Lin, N. (1999). Building a network theory of social capital. Connections - International Network for Social Network Analysis, Vol. 22, Issue 1, pp. 28-51. Retrieved from http://www.insna.org/PDF/Keynote/1999.pdf
Lin, N. (2001). Social capital: A theory of social structure and action. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
McDermott, J. (2012, December 28). Venezuela with more than 21,600 murders in 2012: NGO. In Sight Crime. Retrieved from http://www.insightcrime.org/news-briefs/venezuela-21600-murders-2012
MacMillan, D., & Womack, B. (2013, July 25). Facebook’s CEO defies mobile-ad skeptics as sales soar. Bloomberg. Retrieved from http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-07-24/facebook-profit-sales-beat-estimates-on-new-ad-formats.html
Madden, M., Lenhart, A., Cortesi, S., Gasser, U., Duggan, M., Smith, A.,
& Beaton, M. (2013). Teens, social media, and privacy. Pew Research Center and The Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard. Retrieved from http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2013/Teens-Social-Media-And-Privacy.aspx?utm_source=Mailing+List&utm_campaign=4ec852c5ce-Teens_SocialMedia_Privacy_05_21_2013&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_79a7fe984b-4ec852c5ce-398529621
Miller, D. (2011). Tales from Facebook. Cambridge: Polity.
Ministère de l’Immigration et des Communautés culturelles du Québec (2012). Les immigrants et le marché du travail québécois en 2011. Retrieved from http://www.micc.gouv.qc.ca/publications/fr/recherches-statistiques/ImmigrantsMarcheTravail2011.pdf
Ministère de l’Immigration et des Communautés culturelles du Québec (2012). Portraits statistiques. L’immigration permanente au Québec selon les catégories d’immigration et quelques composantes (2006-2010). Retrieved from http://www.micc.gouv.qc.ca/publications/fr/recherches-statistiques/Portraits_categories_2006_2010_1.pdf
Papacharissi, Z. (2010). Privacy as a luxury commodity. First Monday,
August, Vol. 15, Issue 8. http://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/viewArticle/3075/2581%23author
Portes, A. (2000). Social capital: Its origins and applications in modern sociology. In Lesser, E. (Ed.), Knowledge and social capital: Foundations and applications, pp. 43-67. Woburn, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Portes, A., & Sensenbrenner, J. (2011). Embeddedness and immigration: Notes on the social determinants of economic action. In Granovetter, M., & Swedberg, R. (Eds.), The sociology of economic life, pp. 93-115. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Quintly (2013). Facebook country stats. Retrieved on May 30, 2013 from http://www.quintly.com/facebook-country-statistics/canada?period=1year
Pilkington, E. (2013, August 6). Washington Post sold: Amazon’s Bezos shocks media with $250m purchase. The Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/media/2013/aug/05/washington-post-sold-jeff-bezos-amazon
Putnam, R. (2002). Democracies in flux: The evolution of social capital in contemporary society. Oxford, NY: Oxford University Press.
Putnam, R. (1993). Making democracy work: Civil traditions in modern Italy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Ramírez, D. (2013, May 26). Hijo del fiscal fue víctima casual de grupo comando en 23 de Enero. El Universal. Retrieved from http://www.eluniversal.com/sucesos/130526/hijo-del-fiscal-fue-victima-casual-de-grupo-comando-en-23-de-enero
Raynes-Goldie, K. (2010). Aliases, creeping, and wall-cleaning: Understanding privacy in the age of Facebook. First Monday, January, Vol. 15, Issue 1. http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/viewArticle/2775/2432%23author
Rodriguez, K. (2013, January 17). Surveillance camp I: Mapping strategies to counteract online spying in Latin America. Electronic Frontier Foundation. Retrieved from https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2013/01/surveillance-camp-mapping-strategies-counteract-online-spying-latin-america
Rogers Communication (2012). Rogers Innovation Report: 2012 Trend Watch. Rogers Communications. Retrieved on July 10, 2013 from http://www.slideshare.net/Rogers/rogers-innovation-2012-year-end-trends-official-15729268
Rusli, E. (2012, April 9). Facebook buys Instagram for $1 billion. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2012/04/09/facebook-buys-instagram-for-1-billion/?_r=0
Sádaba, C., Bringué, X., & Calderín, M. (2011). La generación interactiva venezolana: su relación con la computadora y el acceso a Internet. Anuario Ininco / Investigaciones de la Comunicación, June, Nº 1, Vol. 23. Retrieved from http://saber.ucv.ve/ojs/index.php/rev_ai/article/view/1654/1532
Satell, G. (2013, February 21). How much is Facebook really worth? Forbes. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/gregsatell/2013/02/21/how-much-is-facebook-really-worth/
Savage, C. (2013, August 8). N.S.A. said to search content of messages to and from U.S. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/08/us/broader-sifting-of-data-abroad-is-seen-by-nsa.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0
Siapera, E. (2013). Platform infomediation and journalism. Culture Machine, Vol. 14. Retrieved from http://culturemachine.net/index.php/cm/issue/current
Smythe, D. (1981). Dependency road: Communications, capitalism, consciousness, and Canada. Norwood, N. J: Ablex Publications.
Soroka, S., & Banting, K. (2012). Minority nationalism and immigrant integration in Canada. Nations and Nationalism, January, Vol. 18, Issue 1, pp. 156–176.
Soroka, S., and Roberton, S. (2010). A literature review of public opinion research on Canadian attitudes towards multiculturalism and immigration, 2006-2009. Retrieved from Citizenship and Immigration Canada at http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/research/por-multi-imm/sec02-4.asp
Sender, T. (2007, August 22) Does Facebook help enhance your friendships? Social capital blog. Retrieved from http://socialcapital.wordpress.com/2007/08/22/does-facebook-help-enhance-your-friends/
Simmel, G. (1902). The number of members as determining the sociological form of the group. American Journal of Sociology, September, Vol. 8, Issue 2, pp. 158-196.
Statistics Canada (2006). Census of population (Catalogue No. 97-562-XCB2006006). Statistics Canada. Retrieved from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/tables-tableaux/sum-som/l01/cst01/demo52a-eng.htm
Statistics Canada (2007). The Latin American community in Canada – Number 8. Statistics Canada. Retrieved on May 12, 2013 from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/89-621-x/89-621-x2007008-eng.htm
Tonantzini, P. (2013, April 13). El 30% de habitantes de Cuernavaca quiere emigrar por la inseguridad. Excelsior. Retrieved from http://www.excelsior.com.mx/nacional/2013/04/13/893626
Thomas, K. (2011, May 23). Are Canadians the world’s most extreme users of Facebook? TechVibes. Retrieved from http://www.techvibes.com/blog/are-canadians-the-worlds-most-extreme-users-of-facebook-2011-05-23
Tillmann-Healy, L. (2003). Friendship as method. Qualitative inquiry, October, Vol. 9, Issue 5, pp. 729-749.
U.S. Department of State (2013, August 20). Venezuela: Country specific information. Travel.State.Gov. Retrieved from http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1059.html
van Dijck, J. (2012). Facebook as a Tool for Producing Sociality and Connectivity. Television and New Media, March, Vol. 13, Issue 2, pp. 160-176.
Warren, S., & Brandeis, L. (1890). The right to privacy. Harvard Law Review, Vol. 4 Issue 5, pp. 193-220.
Wells, M. (2013, April 30). Venezuelan homicides reach record high in 2013. In Sight Crime. Retrieved from http://www.insightcrime.org/news-briefs/venezuelan-homicides-reach-record-high-in-2013
Westlund, H. (2006). Social capital in the knowledge economy. Theory and empirics. Östersund, SW: Springer. Retrieved from http://0-link.springer.com.mercury.concordia.ca/book/10.1007/978-3-540-35366-9/page/1
Xue, L. (2008). Social capital and employment entry of recent immigrants to Canada. Evidence from the longitudinal survey of immigrants to Canada (LSIC). Citizenship and Immigration Canada. Retrieved on March 20, 2013, from http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/pdf/research-stats/social-capital-w3-eng.pdf
All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved. The use of items is governed by Spectrum's terms of access.

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads per month over past year

Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
- Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
Back to top Back to top