Login | Register

Charge Transport in Hexagonal-Phase Core Silicon Nanowires


Charge Transport in Hexagonal-Phase Core Silicon Nanowires

Collette, Marc (2019) Charge Transport in Hexagonal-Phase Core Silicon Nanowires. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

[thumbnail of Collette_PhD_F2019.pdf]
Text (application/pdf)
Collette_PhD_F2019.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Spectrum Terms of Access.


We built an atomically engineered laboratory inside a silicon nanowire (SiNW) to study fundamental transport mechanics and correlate results with crystal structure. We quantify the effects of ordered stacking faults (OSFs) present in SiNWs on their
electrical transport capabilities. We use Raman spectroscopy to characterize the hexagonal-phase core structure of the Si crystal in our novel nanowires caused by the OSFs.
Our results indicate that electrical current is prevented from
owing within the hexagonal-phase core. Using OSFs to tune crystal structure in SiNWs can be used to control the effective cross-section of the nanowire without the need to change its
physical dimensions. We find that the channel conductivity of field-effect transistors formed using these nanowires is decreased substantially compared to the familiar cubic phase counter-part (from roughly 100 to 1 mu*S/cm). This result indicates that modulating crystal phase can be effective in tuning material conductivity, offering an additional degree of freedom in device engineering. We also show that hexagonal-core SiNWs have larger
effective Schottky barriers with gold electrode contacts (from 0.48 to 0.67 eV), which increases device contact resistance.
Having a cubic-phase portion and a hexagonal-phase portion in series within a single kinked SiNW exploits this barrier asymmetry to create excellent gate-controlled and temperature-dependent rectifiers with rectifying ratios exceeding 100. Our transport model explains how the kink region also acts as a 10-nm scale diode.
These results indicate that controlling OSF density could be exploited in new device architectures and help optimize SiNWs for applications in high-impedance Schottky barrier rectifying transistors.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Physics
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Collette, Marc
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Date:11 July 2019
Thesis Supervisor(s):Champagne, Alexandre and Moutanabbir, Oussama
ID Code:985847
Deposited On:14 Nov 2019 18:42
Last Modified:14 Nov 2019 18:42
All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved. The use of items is governed by Spectrum's terms of access.

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads per month over past year

Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
- Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
Back to top Back to top