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A Novel Hybrid MEBR/ANAMMOX Based System to Remove Nutrient and Organic Matter at Various Temperatures


A Novel Hybrid MEBR/ANAMMOX Based System to Remove Nutrient and Organic Matter at Various Temperatures

Lagum, Abdelmajeed Adam (2019) A Novel Hybrid MEBR/ANAMMOX Based System to Remove Nutrient and Organic Matter at Various Temperatures. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

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The conventional wastewater treatment processes in cold–climate regions are not adequately effective; they experience moderate seasonal removal of pollutants, if any, since biological and chemical treatment processes are severely affected by low temperatures. Biomass responsible for the transformation of nitrogen species are usually washed‐out as a result of low-temperature impacts. Chemical processes during low temperatures increase dosage of coagulants, leading ultimately to a substantial increase of operational costs. To overcome these problems, a membrane electro–bioreactor (MEBR) was coupled with an anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) process in this research to improve treatment facilities in cold weather. The main objective of this study is to design and investigate a MEBR/anammox considering variety of temperatures. To achieve the research objective, three research phases were proposed, which included an optimization of operation electrical and biological processes. Furthermore, the characterization of a microbial community structure and bio–stimulation were investigated at temperatures between 8 and 22 oC.
The first phase of this study revealed that the application of DC field to a series of batch tests permitted to define relationships among different current density, temperature variation and microbial growth, phosphorus removal and sludge quality. Tests in Phase II considered a design of an anammox side-stream device enhanced with the submerged electrodes and DC power supply, where rapid anammox biomass enrichment with adequate ammonium removal was achieved. Generated outcomes have been reapplied to continuous flow MEBR/anammox in order to achieve carbon and nutrient removal at a superior level independently on temperature.
The addition of low direct current (DC) and anammox process inside the MBR in the third-phase study, realizing an anammox membrane electro-bioreactor (MEBR/anammox), increases the effectiveness of the treatment system, improves sludge characteristics and reduces membrane fouling at low-temperature environments compared to conventional treatment systems. At lower operating temperatures, the removal efficiencies of ammonium, total nitrogen, phosphorus and COD in the MEBR-anammox were 94.46%, 88.62%, 95.60% and 90.76%, respectively. The new MEBR/anammox system showed superiority over conventional MBR in terms of membrane fouling, sludge filterability and settleability by 32%, 14.36% and 19.67%, respectively. At lower temperatures, the sludge volume index (SVI) reduced from 362 to 117 mL/g, while time-to-filter (TTF) decreased from 18.2 to 7.3 min. MEBR/anammox system substantially enhanced sludge flocculation, where zeta potential changed from -32 to -12.7 mV. This high performance of the MEBR/anammox system was attributed to the synergistic effects between biological, electrochemical and membrane filtration processes, where COD was removed through biomass oxidation and flocculation, while phosphorous was removed by electrocoagulation process and phosphorus accumulating organisms (PAOs) growth. TN removal was mainly due to the growth of all diverse types of nitrogen-removing bacteria, where a novel MEBR/anammox system allowed to develop simultaneous nitrification, anammox and denitrification (SNAD) processes in the same reactor.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Lagum, Abdelmajeed Adam
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Program:Civil Engineering
Date:19 August 2019
Thesis Supervisor(s):Elektorowicz, Maria
Keywords:Nutrient and Organic Matter Removal, Various Temperatures Treatment, Microbial Community Analysis, Hybrid Membrane electro bioreactor/anammox (MEBR/anammox), Innovative design.
ID Code:986020
Deposited By: Abdelmajeed Lagum
Deposited On:30 Jun 2021 15:04
Last Modified:12 Dec 2022 14:22


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