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Sol-gel derived nano-silica suspensions for inclusion in cement paste


Sol-gel derived nano-silica suspensions for inclusion in cement paste

Kodippili, Dulani P. A. (2020) Sol-gel derived nano-silica suspensions for inclusion in cement paste. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

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Nano-silica (NS) is one of the most widely used nanomaterials in the cement industry, the addition of which delivers many advantages in improving the properties of hardened cement. It has been proven that NS can increase the strength, reduce the permeability, increase the durability, and reduce the CO2 emissions by lessening the usage of cement. However, the associated problems such as the agglomeration of NS and uneven dispersion of NS in the cement pastes limit its potential benefits.
These problems were addressed in this research by optimizing the method of NS incorporation. NS was synthesized by the sol-gel method and was utilized in cement as a suspension of calcium hydroxide. The hydration of cement with the sol-gel derived NS was studied using various techniques such as isothermal calorimetry, differential scanning calorimetry, mercury intrusion porosimetry, scanning electron microscopy, non-evaporable water content measurements, and X-ray diffraction with Rietveld refinement as well as mechanical properties. The optimum amount of NS was determined to be approximately 4% and perhaps as low as 2% if ultra sonification is utilized. It was shown that the NS synthesized by this method increased the rate of hydration by 12% in two days in terms of energy. Calcium hydroxide consumption and refinement of the microstructure and pore structure improved until this optimum amount. Moreover, the mechanical strength was improved up 35% in two days and 50% in seven days. The limitations of the NS usage can be minimized by this novel approach of NS incorporation.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Kodippili, Dulani P. A.
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Program:Building Engineering
Date:13 July 2020
Thesis Supervisor(s):Nokken, Michelle and Drew, Robin
ID Code:987306
Deposited On:25 Nov 2020 15:56
Last Modified:25 Nov 2020 15:56
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