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Security Monitoring of Distribution Automation Systems


Security Monitoring of Distribution Automation Systems

REBBAH, DHIAA ELHAK (2021) Security Monitoring of Distribution Automation Systems. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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Distribution automation systems represent the new generation of power distribution systems
in response to the growing interest in smart grids along with the integration of information
and communication technologies (ICT). Distribution automation systems leverage
advanced ICTs to automate system operation for delivering electrical energy to consumers.
With the use of ICT comes the need to protect distribution automation systems from cyberattacks
that could impact the operation of such systems, mainly power availability.
In this thesis, the main objective is to assess the security aspect of distribution automation
systems. As such, we design and implement a security monitoring platform that allows
assessing the dynamics of these systems. In this regard, a digital twin testbed is designed
and implemented to simulate smart power distribution systems in near real-time. Moreover,
a proposed security monitoring platform is designed and implemented on top of the
previously mentioned digital twin testbed. The platform can help monitor the impacts of
different occurring incidents and allows executing implemented cyberattacks against the
modeled power systems. In addition, it employs AI techniques to detect these attacks.
The specific contributions of this thesis are: (i) the design and implementation of a cosimulation
testbed for distribution automation systems using open source software packages;
(ii) the design and implementation of an AI-based security analytics framework for
distribution automation systems; and (iii) the implementation of cyberattacks targeting distribution
automation applications. Various machine and deep learning models are implemented
to detect the attacks and different performance evaluation metrics are used to compare
different models. The obtained results are competitive and they validate the usefulness
of the models in detecting attacks. The co-simulation platform is able to simulate power
distribution systems in near real-time, along with an emulation of the IEC 60870-5-104
communication protocol. Also, the platform is capable of simulating big distribution test
cases, e.g., the IEEE 123-bus and the IEEE 8500-nodes systems. The proposed platform
allows power utilities to assess the security of their power distribution systems without
affecting power availability and quality.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Concordia Institute for Information Systems Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A. Sc.
Program:Information Systems Security
Date:9 July 2021
Thesis Supervisor(s):Debbabi, Mourad
ID Code:988903
Deposited By: Dhiaa Elhak Rebbah
Deposited On:29 Nov 2021 17:01
Last Modified:29 Nov 2021 17:01
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