Login | Register

Pursuing Sustainability in Food Systems through Womanism and Community Development: Family Farmers Cooperative in Northeast Brazil

Title:

Pursuing Sustainability in Food Systems through Womanism and Community Development: Family Farmers Cooperative in Northeast Brazil

Nunes Dantas, Monica ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2134-6380 (2022) Pursuing Sustainability in Food Systems through Womanism and Community Development: Family Farmers Cooperative in Northeast Brazil. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

[thumbnail of Dantas_PhD_F2022.pdf]
Preview
Text (application/pdf)
Dantas_PhD_F2022.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Spectrum Terms of Access.
2MB

Abstract

This manuscript-format thesis examines the sustainability of local food systems and the potential for community development in Brazil’s the Rio Grande do Norte (RN) State. Participatory action research (PAR) methodology was adopted to map the conditions, issues, and possibilities within family farming and the social solidarity economy initiative, the Xique-Xique Network (RXX). Primary data from participant observation and semi-structured interviews complement the indicator-based assessment grounded on the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) indicators. The first manuscript shows how family farming suffers from systemic problems, such as insufficient support from public institutions, conditions imposed by the influence of agribusiness biases, lack of basic infrastructure, discouraging regulations, lack of capital, limited access to credit, environmental problems, the negative image associated with family farming and difficulty accessing modern technologies. The second manuscript highlights the ways academic documentation and communication could positively contribute. The third manuscript investigates the conceptualization of food using a semiotic analysis to understand the notion of food in mainstream media, including an analysis of “Google Images.” The study found that mainstream media’s portrayal or suggested meaning influences food conceptualization. Also, there was a discrepancy between the portrayed images and their respective concepts, such as the idealized agribusiness notion of a thriving food system. The oversimplified views of different food systems influence food choices by either promoting or obstructing the development of food systems. The fourth manuscript concentrates on integrating sustainability aspects into gender and social norms. The findings show how social norms permeate sustainability practices. It also suggests that the farmer’s approaches regarding education and their vision for societal transformation were a reflex to their experience with the landless workers’ movement. The study further identifies several gaps to address and boost the involvement of farming women. However, the narrative analysis revealed that the RXX praxis actively promotes positive gender dynamics in multidimensional ways. Women are in positions of leadership and prioritize childcare to warrant their inclusion. The last manuscript proposes a sustainable food systems model that emerged from the integrated praxis of womanism, agroecology, and solidarity. This model is centred on a joined view of sustainability, local social norms, and gender dynamics. It presents unique drivers and distinctive ways to express the usually disjoining aspects of sustainability in food systems.

Divisions:Concordia University > Concordia University Press
Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Geography, Planning and Environment
Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Humanities: Interdisciplinary Studies
Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > School of Community and Public Affairs
Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Sociology and Anthropology
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Nunes Dantas, Monica
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Program:Individualized Program
Date:12 July 2022
Thesis Supervisor(s):Ikeda, Satoshi and Mendell, Marguerite and Nash, Alan
Keywords:Sociology of food, sustainable development, social solidarity economy, gender in agriculture, family farming, gender policies, Northeast Brazil, women farmer, womanism.
ID Code:991136
Deposited By: Monica Nunes Dantas
Deposited On:27 Oct 2022 14:31
Last Modified:27 Oct 2022 14:31

References:

Acosta, M., van Wessel, M., van Bommel, S., Ampaire, E. L., Jassogne, L., & Feindt, P. H. (2020). The power of narratives: Explaining inaction on gender mainstreaming in Uganda’s climate change policy. Development Policy Review, 38(5), 555–574. https://doi.org/10.1111/dpr.12458
Agência Brasil. [Brazil communication company] (2018). Bolsonaro diz que não fará acordos que prejudiquem agronegócio. [Bolsonaro says he will not make deals that harm agribusiness]. http://agenciabrasil.ebc.com.br/politica/noticia/2018-11/bolsonaro-nao-fara-acordos-que-prejudiquem-agronegocio-do-brasil
Agencia Brasil [Brazil communication company] (2003). Conheça as ações previstas no Programa Fome Zero [Discover the actions offered by the Zero Hunger Program]. http://memoria.ebc.com.br/agenciabrasil/noticia/2003-05-02/conheca-acoes-previstas-no-programa-fome-zero
Aguiar, M. V., Siliprandi, E., & Pacheco, M. E. (2009). Mulheres no congresso brasileiro de agroecologia. Mulheres construindo, [Women at the Brazilian congress. Women building] 6(4), 46-52. http://www.bibliotecadigital.abong.org.br/bitstream/handle/11465/589/240.pdf?sequence=1#page=46
Ahlers, R., Zwarteveen, M. (2009). The Water Question in Feminism: Water Control and Gender Inequities in A Neoliberal Era. Gender, Place and Culture 16(4), p. 409-426.
Aktaş-Polat, S., & Polat, S. (2020). A theoretical analysis of food meaning in anthropology and sociology. Tourism: An International Interdisciplinary Journal, 68(3), 278–293. https://doi.org/10.37741/t.68.3.3
James, E. A., & Epp, D. B. M. (2007). The third-year outcomes of participatory action research facilitated online. Institute of Education, University of London, 5, 8.
Allen, M. (Ed.). (2017). The SAGE encyclopedia of communication research methods. SAGE publications. https://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781483381411
Allen, T., & Prosperi, P. (2016). Modelling sustainable food systems. Environmental Management, 57(5), 956-975. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-016-0664-8
Alkon, A. H., & Agyeman, J. (Eds.). (2011). Cultivating food justice: Race, class, and sustainability. MIT press.
Alvalá, R., Cunha, A. P., Brito, S. S., Seluchi, M. E., Marengo, J. A., Moraes, O. L., & Carvalho, M. A. (2017). Drought monitoring in the Brazilian Semiarid region. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 91. https://doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201720170209
Alston, M. (2014). Gender mainstreaming and climate change. Women’s Studies International Forum, 47, 287–294. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wsif.2013.01.016
Balza, G. (2009). Reforma agrária regrediu no governo lula, diz Stedile. [Agrarian reform regressed under Lula, says Stedile] UOL News. https://noticias.uol.com.br
Barry, F. B., & Grady, S. C. (2019). Africana womanism as an extension of feminism in political ecology (of health) research. Geoforum, 103, 182–186. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.09.024
Berdegué, J. A., & Fuentealba, R. (2014). The state of smallholders in agriculture in Latin America. New directions for smallholder agriculture, 115–152.
Béné, C., Prager, S. D., Achicanoy, H. A., Toro, P. A., Lamotte, L., Bonilla, C., & Mapes, B. R. (2019). Global map and indicators of food system sustainability. Scientific data, 6(1), 115. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-019-0301-5
Boni, Z. (2019). The sociology of food is not about eating, it is about doing a lot of very hard thinking: An interview with Professor Anne Murcott. Current Sociology. https://doi.org/10.1177/0011392119850100.
Brandão, C. R. (2015). Paulo Freire: A educação, a cultura e a universidade: memória de uma história há cinqüenta anos atrás. Revista Festim, Natal, v. 1, n. 2, p. 157-172.
Brazil Gov. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). (2009). Censo agropecuário 2006. [Agricultural Census]. Brazil: Gov.
Buriti, C. O. Barbosa, H. A. (2019). Drought and socio-environmental vulnerability in the Brazilian semi-arid: the institutionalization of scientific studies and water policies in the region. Ciência Geográfica Ano XXIII - Vol. XXIII - (1). Bauru, SP, Brazil.
Butto, A., Dantas, I. (2011). Autonomia e cidadania: Políticas de organização produtiva para as
mulheres no meio rural. Ministério do Desenvolvimento Agrário. 1° Edição. Brasília.
Camilloni, I. A., Barros, V. R., Moreiras, S., Poveda, G., & Tomasella, J. (2020). Floods and droughts. https://ri.conicet.gov.ar/handle/11336/146904
Cervantes-Zapana, M., Yagüe, J. L., De Nicolás, V. L., & Ramirez, A. (2020). Benefits of public procurement from family farming in Latin-AMERICAN countries: Identification and prioritization. Journal of Cleaner Production, 277, 123466. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.123466
Cerny, P. G. (1995). Globalization and the changing logic of collective action. International Organization, 49(04), 595-625. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0020818300028459
Cherry, E. (2021). Vegan studies in sociology. In The Routledge Handbook of Vegan Studies (pp. 150-160). Routledge.
CONTAG. (2017). Sistema Confederativo CONTAG reage a cortes no orçamento para a Agricultura Familiar. CONTAG Official announcement: Confederative System reacts to budget cuts for Family Agriculture http://www.contag.org.br/index.php?modulo=portal&acao=interna&codpag=101&id=12535&mt=1&nw=1
Cordeiro, J., & Filipe, J. (2004). The semiotic pentagram framework--a perspective on the use of semiotics within organisational semiotics. In Proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Organisational Semiotics. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/similar?doi=10.1.1.60.8945&type=ab
Dantas, M., & Ikeda, S. (2017). Mapping the Current Condition of Solidarity Economy and Family Farming in RN, Northeast of Brazil. European Journal of Sustainable Development, 6(3), 473-473. https://doi.org/10.14207/ejsd.2017.v6n3p473
Dantas, M., & Silva, G. (2018, May). The Xique-Xique Network towards sustainability and solidarity. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 151(1). IOP Publishing. http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1755-1315/151/1/012014/pdf
Dantas, M. (2020). The Role of Institutions in Promoting Resilience in the Development of Sustainable Food Systems: The Farmer’s Perspective in the Northeast of Brazil. In Universities and Sustainable Communities: Meeting the Goals of the Agenda 2030 (pp. 651-666). Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-30306-8_39
de Araújo Palmeira, P., de Araújo Mattos, R., Pérez-Escamilla, R., & Salles-Costa, R. (2021). Multisectoral government programs and household food insecurity: evidence from a longitudinal study in the semi-arid area of Northeast, Brazil. Food Security, 13(3), 525-538.
de Carvalho, A. M., Verly, E. Jr, Marchioni, D. M., & Jones, A. D. (2021). Measuring sustainable food systems in Brazil: A framework and multidimensional index to evaluate socioeconomic, nutritional, and environmental aspects. World Development, 143, 105470. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2021.105470
Devaux, A.,Velasco, C., López, G., Bernet, T., Ordinola, M., Pico, H., . . . Horton, D. (2007). Collective action for innovation and small farmer market access: The papa andina experience.
dos Santos, E. P., & Santos, J. C. O. (2020). Use of Medicinal Plants of Brazilian Caatinga in a Perspective of Solidarity Economy.
Ericksen, P. J. (2007). Conceptualizing food systems for global environmental change research. Global Environmental Change. 18(1), 234–245. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2007.09.002
Façanha, I. P. (2019). Gênero e água: uma Leitura sobre as Políticas no Semiárido e a Inclusão Feminina. Desenvolvimento Em Questão, 17(47), 339–356. https://doi.org/10.21527/2237-6453.2019.47.339-356
Faires, N. (2015). Food Confidential: The Corporate Takeover of Food Security and the Family Farm—and What to Do About It. Simon and Schuster. http://www.foodcircles.missouri.edu/whstudy.pdf
FAO. (2014). Family farming is part of the solution to the hunger problem. http://www.fao.org/zhc/detail-events/en/c/270855/
FAO. (2014). The state of food and agriculture (SOFA). Rome: FAO.
FAO. (2014). The state of food and agriculture (SOFA).
FAO. (2015). Sustainable Development Goals. http://www.fao.org/sustainable-development-goals/goals/goal-1/hu/
Favero, M., A. A universidade brasileira em busca de sua identidade. Petrópolis. [The Brazilian university in search of its identity]. Vozes, 1977. 102 p.
Gaard, G. (2011). Feminist Formations. Ecofeminism Revisited: Rejecting Essentialism and Re-Placing Species in a Material Feminist Environmentalism. Baltimore Vol. 23, Iss. 2 (Summer 2011): 26-53  
Gaiger, L. I. (2004). A economia solidária e o projeto de outra mundialização. [The solidarity economy and the project of another globalization]. DADOS-Revista De Ciências Sociais, 47(4). https://doi.org/10.1590/S0011-52582004000400006
Gaiger, L. I. (2017). The solidarity economy in South and North America: Converging experiences. Brazilian Political Science Review, 11. https://doi.org/10.1590/1981-3821201700030002
Gaiger, L. I. (2011). Relações entre equidade e viabilidade nos empreendimentos solidários. Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política. [Relations between equity and viability in solidarity enterprises. Journal of Culture and Politics], 79-109.
Gaio, D. M. (2008). A concepção de modernização na politica de cooperação entre MEC e a USAID. [The concept of modernization in the cooperation policy between MEC and USAID]. https://repositorio.unb.br/handle/10482/2106
Galindo, E. et al. Efeitos da pandemia na alimentação e na situação da segurança alimentar no Brasil. [Effects of the pandemic on food and the food security situation in Brazil]Working Paper Series Food for Justice, 2021.
Gallopín, G. C. (2003). A systems approach to sustainability and sustainable development. ECLAC. https://repositorio.cepal.org/handle/11362/5759
Goertzel. T. Mec-Usaid : ideologia norte-americana na educação brasileira. [North American ideology in Brazilian education. Brazilian Civilization Magazine]. Revista Civilização Brasileira. Rio de Janeiro, v. 3, n. 14, p. 123-138, jul. 1967.
Gollin, D., Hansen, C. W., & Wingender, A. M. (2021). When agriculture drives development: Lessons from the Green Revolution. https://voxeu.org/article/when-agriculture-drives-development
Guimarães, C. (2017). Censo agropecuário: Que realidade do campo brasileiro se quer mostrar? Articulação Nacional De Agroecologia. https://agroecologia.org.br/2017/04/06/censo-agropecuario-que-realidade-do-campo-brasileiro-se-quer-mostrar/
Guimarães, R. P. (1991). Bureaucracy and ecopolitics in the third world: Environmental policy formation in Brazil. International Sociology, 6(1), 73-96. https://doi.org/10.1177/026858091006001005
Gutberlet, J., Besen, G. R., & Morais, L. P. (2020). Participatory solid waste governance and the role of social and solidarity economy: Experiences from São Paulo, Brazil. Detritus, 13(13), 167-180.
Guzmán, G. I., López, D., Román, L., & Alonso, A. M. (2013). Participatory action research in agroecology: Building local organic food networks in spain. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 37(1), 127-146.
Herrera Ortuño, J. (2021). Práticas, materialidades e feminismos em devir: reterritorialização no caso da rede Xique Xique de comercialização solidária.
Heffernan, W. D., Hendrickson, M., & Gronski, R. (1999). Consolidation in the Food and Agriculture System. Sustainable Agriculture.
IBGE. (2009). O censo agropecuário 2006 e a agricultura familiar no Brasil / Caio Galvão de França; Mauro Eduardo Del Grossi; Vicente P. M. de Azevedo Marques. – Brasília: MDA, 2009. http://www.bb.com.br/docs/pub/siteEsp/agro/dwn/CensoAgropecuario.pdfhttp://www.bb.com.br/docs/pub/siteEsp/agro/dwn/CensoAgropecuario.pdf
Ingram, J. (2011). A food systems approach to researching food security and its interactions with global environmental change. Food security, 3(4), 417-431. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-011-0149-9
IPES-Food, 2017. Unravelling the Food-Health Nexus: Addressing practices, political economy, and power relations to build healthier food systems. The Global Alliance for the Future of Food and IPES-Food.
Kamphuis, C. B., Jansen, T., Mackenbach, J. P., Van Lenthe, F. J. (2015). Bourdieu's Cultural Capital in Relation to Food Choices: A Systematic Review of Cultural Capital Indicators and an Empirical Proof of Concept. PLoS One. 10(8):e0130695. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0130695. PMID: 26244763; PMCID: PMC4526463.
Kay, C. (2019). Land reform in Latin America: past, present, and future. Latin American Research Review, 54(3), 747-755. https://doi.org/10.25222/larr.517
Kelly, P. J. (2005). Practical suggestions for community interventions using participatory action research. Public Health Nursing, 22(1), 65-73. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0737-1209.2005.22110.x
Kiill, L. H. P. (2011). EMBRAPA (gov). Caatinga Patrimônio Brasileiro Ameaçado. https://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/bitstream/doc/899060/1/Kiill2011.pdf
Larsen, M. H. (2020). Integrating and innovating food design and sociology–healthy eating. In Experiencing Food, Designing Sustainable and Social Practices (pp. 104-108). CRC Press.
Laurie, N. (2011). Gender Water Networks: Femininity and Masculinity in Water Politics in Bolivia. International Journal of urban and Regional Research, 35(1), p. 172-188.
Lechat, N. (2009). Organizing for the solidarity economy in south Brazil. The social economy: international perspectives on economic solidarity, 159-175.
Lima, M. M. T., & de Jesus, V. B. (2016). Sem mulheres existe agroecologia? Revista Eletrônica de Jornalismo Científico, (2011). https://www.comciencia.br/comciencia/handler.php?section=8&edicao=127&id=1538
Marengo, J. A., Galdos, M. V., Challinor, A., Cunha, A. P., Marin, F. R., Vianna, M. D. S., Alvala, R. C. S., Alves, L. M., Moraes, O. L., & Bender, F. (2021). Drought in Northeast Brazil: A review of agricultural and policy adaptation options for food security. Climate Resilience and Sustainability. https://doi.org/10.1002/cli2.17
Martins, E. S. P., Quintana, C. M., Dias, M. A. F. S., Silva, R. F. V., Biazeto, B., Forattini, G. D., & Martins, J. C. (2016). The technical and institutional case: The Northeast drought monitor as the anchor and facilitator of collaboration. In Drought in Brazil (pp. 53-64). CRC Press.
Mayton, H., Beal, T., Rubin, J., Sanchez, A., Heller, M., Hoey, L., de Haan, S., Duong, T. T., Huynh, T., Burra, D. D., Khoury, C. K., & Jones, A. D. (2020). Conceptualizing sustainable diets in Vietnam: Minimum metrics and potential leverage points. Food Policy, 91, 101836. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2020.101836
Martinez-Torres, M. E., & Rosset, P. M. (2010). La vía campesina: The birth and evolution of a transnational social movement. The Journal of Peasant Studies, 37(1), 149-175. https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150903498804
MAPA gov. (n/d). Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento. http://www.agricultura.gov.br/http://www.agricultura.gov.br/
MST. (n.d). MST History journal. Nossa História. http://www.mst.org.br/nossa-historia/inicio
MDA gov. (2006). Ministério do Desenvolvimento Agrícola: Consolidação das políticas públicas para o fortalecimento da agricultura familiar como eixo de desenvolvimento. Brazil. http://www.undp.org/content/dam/undp/documents/projects/BRA/00044688_PCT%20PNUD%20versao%2002-02-06.doc
McMichael, P. (2013). Food regimes and agrarian questions: Agrarian change and peasant studies. Nova Scotia, Canada: Fernwood Publishing.
Mendell, M. (2009). The three pillars of the social economy: the Quebec experience. The social economy: International Perspectives on Economic Solidarity (Ed.Ash, A.). London: Zed Books, 176-207.
Mendell, M. Neamtan, N. (2016). The Social Economy in Quebec: Towards a New Political Economy". Researching the Social Economy, edited by Laurie Mook, Jack Quarter and Sherida Ryan, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, pp. 63-83. https://doi.org/10.3138/9781442660281-005
Melo, M. T. S. M., Moura, A. C. C., Silva, B. L. D. S., Santos, M. D. D. C. D., Paz, S. M. R. S. D., Santos, M. M. D., & Carvalho, C. M. R. G. D. (2021). Nutritional characterization of the typical food menu offered in the public market and its reflection on health. Journal of Culinary Science & Technology, 19(2), 138-148. https://doi.org/10.1080/15428052.2020.1733162
Mies, M., & Shiva, V. (1993). 19. People or Population: Towards a New Ecology of Reproduction. http://hdl.handle.net/10822/860658
Mikawlrawng, K., Kumar, S., & Vandana, R. (2014). Current scenario of urolithiasis and the use of medicinal plants as antiurolithiatic agents in Manipur (Northeast India): A review. International Journal of herbal medicine, 2(1), 1-12.
Mitidiero Junior, M. A., Barbosa, H., & de Sá, T. (2017). Quem produz comida para os
brasileiros? 10 anos do censo agropecuário 2006. [Who produces the food for Brazilians? 10 years of the agriculturalCensus] 18(3). https://doi.org/10.33026/peg.v18i3.5540
Moura, A. C. C., Melo, M. T. S. M., Silva, B. L. D. S., Paz, S. M. R. S. D., Paiva, A. D. A., & Carvalho, C. M. R. G. D. (2020). An approach on food choice determinants: a study in the restaurants of a public market in Northeastern Brazil. Revista de Nutrição, 33. https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-9865202033e190126
Motta, R. (2021). Social movements as agents of change: Fighting intersectional food inequalities, building food as webs of life. The Sociological Review, 69(3), 603-625.
MST. (n.d.). Nossa historia. Retrieved from http://www.mst.org.br/nossa-historia/inicio
Nestle, M. (2013). Food politics: How the food industry influences nutrition and health. University of California Press. https://doi.org/10.1525/9780520955066
Niederle, P., Grisa, C., Picolotto, E. L., & Soldera, D. (2019). Narrative disputes over family-farming public policies in Brazil: conservative attacks and restricted countermovements. Latin American Research Review, 54(3), 707-720. https://doi.org/10.25222/larr.366.
North, D. C. (1991). Institutions. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 5(1): 97-112.
Norstedt, M., & Breimo, J. P. (2016). Moving beyond everyday life in institutional ethnographies: Methodological challenges and ethical dilemmas. In Forum: Qualitative
Novovic, G. (2021). Contextualizing Gender Equality: Gender Mainstreaming between Global Governance Frameworks and National and Institutional Policy Agendas in Kenya, Rwanda, and Uganda (Doctoral dissertation, University of Guelph).
nte Social Research, 17(2), Art. 3. http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs160238.
OECD/FAO (2015), OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2015, OECD Publishing, Paris, https://doi.org/10.1787/agr_outlook-2015-en. oecd
Oliveira, M. S. D. S., & Santos, L. A. D. S. (2020). Dietary guidelines for Brazilian population: an analysis from the cultural and social dimensions of food. Ciencia & Saude Coletiva, 25, 2519-2528. https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232020257.22322018
Otsuki, K., & Castro, F. D. (2020). Solidarity Economy in Brazil: Towards Institutionalization of Sharing and Agroecological Practices. In Sharing Ecosystem Services (pp. 159-178). Springer, Singapore.
Pangelinan, D. M. (2021). The Sociology of Food and Eating.
Pacheco, M. E. L. (2002). Agricultura Familiar: sustentabilidade ambiental e igualdade de gênero. Perspectivas de Gênero: Debates e questões para as ONGs. Recife: GTGênero. Plataforma de Contrapartes Novib/SOS Corpo Gênero e Cidadania, 138-161.
Pérez Marina, D. (2009). Anthropocentrism and Androcentrism – An Ecofeminist Connection. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för Kultur och Kommunikation.
Poirier, Y. (2014). Social Solidarity Economy and related concepts Origins and Definitions: An International Perspective. RIPESS. Quebec, Canada. http://www.ripess.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/Solidarity-Economy-and-other-Concepts-Poirier-July-2014.pdf
Qualman, D., Akram-Lodhi, A. H., Desmarais, A. A., & Srinivasan, S. (2018). Forever young? The crisis of generational renewal on Canada’s farms. Canadian Food Studies / La Revue Canadienne Des études Sur l’alimentation, 5(3), 100–127. https://doi.org/10.15353/cfs-rcea.v5i3.284.
Qualman, E. (2011). How social media transforms the way we live and do business. Ipswich, MA: Business Book Summaries.
Quisumbing, A.R. Meinzen-Dick, R. Raney, T.L. Croppenstedt, A. Behrman, J. Peterman A. (2015). Gender in agriculture: Closing the knowledge gap, Springer, Netherlands.
RIPESS org. Global Vision for a Social Solidarity Economy: Convergences and Differences in Concepts, Definitions and Frameworks. http://www.ripess.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/RIPESS_Vision-Global_EN.pdf
Rocha, C. (2001). Urban Food Security Policy: The Case of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, Journal for the Study of Food and Society, 5:1, 36-47, DOI: 10.2752/152897901786732735.
Rondeau, S. O. (2020). Recension de The Sociology of Food and Agriculture de Michael Carolan. Canadian Food Studies/La Revue canadienne des études sur l'alimentation, 7(1), 184-188.
Rodorff, V., Siegmund-Schultze, M., Guschal, M., Hölzl, S., & Köppel, J. (2019). Good governance: A framework for implementing sustainable land management, applied to an agricultural case in Northeast-Brazil. Sustainability, 11(16), 4303. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11164303
Rosendo, D., & Kuhnen, T. (2019). Ecofeminism. Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-70060-1_41-1
Romano, O., & Akhmouch, A. (2019). Water governance in cities: Current trends and future challenges. Water, 11(3), 500. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11030500
Sandelowski, M. (1996). One is the liveliest number: The case orientation of qualitative research. Research in Nursing & Health, 19(6), 525-529. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1098-240X(199612)19:6<525::AID-NUR8>3.0.CO;2-Q
Santos, K., Gonçalves, h., Sequeira, T., & Diniz, F. (2019). Development and solidarity economy strategies in brazil: Case studies. Regional Science Inquiry, 11(1), 153-165.
Salatin, J. (2011). Folks, this ain't normal: A farmer's advice for happier hens, healthier people, and a better world. Hachette UK.
Seiz, J.A. (2011). Agarwal, Bina. In: Chatterjee, D.K. (eds) Encyclopedia of Global Justice. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9160-5_412 y
Shiva, V. (2014). The Vandana Shiva Reader. University Press of Kentucky. Chapter: Toward a New Agriculture Paradigm - Health per Acre (pp. 113-138).
Shimizu, T. (2019). < Summary> Changing Family Farming in Latin America. The Natural Resource Economics Review, 89-92.
Schlosser, E. (2001). Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal.
Siliprandi, E. (2015). Mulheres e Agroecologia: Transformando o Campo, as Florestas e as
Pessoas. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Editora UFRJ.
Sims, J., & Romero, J. (2014). Latin American debt crisis of the 1980s. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago and Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond.
Stamper, R., Liu, K., Hafkamp, M., & Ades, Y. (2000). Understanding the roles of signs and norms in organizations-a semiotic approach to information systems design. Behaviour & Information Technology, 19(1), 15-27. https://doi.org/10.1080/014492900118768
Sriram, V. (2018). Achieving Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment in Smallholder Adaptation: Lessons from IFAD’s Adaptation in Smallholder Agriculture Programme. CCAFS Info Note. Wageningen, the Netherlands: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). https://hdl.handle.net/10568/91537
Sabourin, E., Craviotti, C., & Milhorance, C. (2020). The dismantling of family farming policies in Brazil and Argentina. International Review of Public Policy, 2(2: 1), 45-67. https://doi.org/10.4000/irpp.799
Saito, O. (2020). Sharing Ecosystem Services. Springer Singapore.
Seconda, L., Baudry, J., Pointereau, P., Lacour, C., Langevin, B., Hercberg, S., Lairon, D., Allès, B., & Kesse-Guyot, E. (2019). Development and validation of an individual sustainable diet index in the NutriNet-Santé study cohort. British Journal of Nutrition, 121(10), 1166-1177. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000369
Siegmund-Schultze, M., Rodorff, V., Köppel, J., & do Carmo Sobral, M. (2015). Paternalism or participatory governance? Efforts and obstacles in implementing the Brazilian water policy in a large watershed. Land Use Policy, 48, 120-130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2015.05.024
Streubert, H. J., & Carpenter, D. R. (2002). Qualitative research in nursing: Advancing the humanistic imperative (3rd ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Tanaka, K. (2020). Justice and Tyranny: Bringing “Rural” Back into the Sociology of Food and Agriculture. Rural Sociology, 85(1), 3-21.
Tarlau, R. (2015). How do new critical pedagogies develop? Educational innovation, social change, and landless workers in Brazil. Teachers College Record, 117(11). https://doi.org/10.1177/016146811511701103
Tom, M. S., Fischbeck, P. S., & Hendrickson, C. T. (2016). Energy use, blue water footprint, and greenhouse gas emissions for current food consumption patterns and dietary recommendations in the US. Environment Systems and Decisions, 36(1), 92-103. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10669-015-9577-y
Turner, B. L., Kasperson, R. E., Matson, P. A., McCarthy, J. J., Corell, R. W., Christensen, L., Eckley, N., Kasperson, J. X., Luers, J., Martello, M. L., Polsky, C., Pulsipher, A., & Schiller, A. (2003). A framework for vulnerability analysis in sustainability science. Proceedings of the national academy of sciences, 100(14), 8074-8079. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1231335100
United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development (n/d). The 17 Sustainable Development Goals. Available at https://sdgs.un.org/goals#goals.
United Nations, General Assembly (2015). Sustainable Development Summit 2015. Available at https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015/summit.
Visual Capitalist. (2021). The 50 Most Visited Websites in the World. Published by Dorothy Neufeld. https://www.visualcapitalist.com/the-50-most-visited-websites-in-the-world/
Villamayor-Tomas, S., Grundmann, P., Epstein, G., Evans, T., & Kimmich, C. (2015). The water-energy-food security nexus through the lenses of the value chain and the institutional analysis and development frameworks. Water Alternatives, 8(1), 735-755. https://arizona.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/the-water-energy-food-security-nexus-through-the-lenses-of-the-va
Vasileiou, K., Barnett, J., Thorpe, S., & Young, T. (2018). Characterising and justifying sample size sufficiency in interview-based studies: systematic analysis of qualitative health research over a 15-year period. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 18(1), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-018-0594-7
Wang, L., Gao, B., Hu, Y., Huang, W., & Cui, S. (2020). Environmental effects of sustainability-oriented diet transition in China. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 158, 104802. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2020.104802
Wiggins, S. (2016). Agricultural and rural development reconsidered: A guide to issues and debates. IFAD Research Series 1. https://ssrn.com/abstract=3284413
Web Cookies. (2020). In Wikipedia.
Yasbek, C. M. (2004). O programa fome zero no contexto das políticas sociais brasileiras. [The Zero Hunger Program in the Context of Brazilian Social Policies]. São Paulo em Perspectiva, Volume: 18, Issue: 2. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-88392004000200011
All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved. The use of items is governed by Spectrum's terms of access.

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads per month over past year

Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
- Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
Back to top Back to top