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Marijuana Consumption and Education: Evidence from the NLSY97 and NSDUH


Marijuana Consumption and Education: Evidence from the NLSY97 and NSDUH

DAVALLOO, GOLNAZ ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6901-3633 (2022) Marijuana Consumption and Education: Evidence from the NLSY97 and NSDUH. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

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This dissertation analyzes the relationship between education and marijuana consumption among adolescents. Its three main objectives are: (i) analyze the effect of drug prevention programs on marijuana use; (ii) estimate the effect of marijuana use on educational attainment; and (iii) assess the roles of addiction, time-invariant unobserved heterogeneity, and time-dependent, time-varying shocks on persistent marijuana use.

To estimate these effects, I utilize micro-level data drawn from 15 waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Youth 1997 (NLSY97), covering the period from 1997 to 2011, and 13 waves of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), covering the period from 2002 to 2014.

In chapter one, I create a pseudo-panel from repeated cross-sections of NSDUH and use the information on school-provided drug prevention programs. This information is not available in the NLSY97. I validate the pseudo-panel by comparing its main features with the corresponding ones for NLSY97. The results suggest that school-provided drug education decreases marijuana use, mainly by improving students’ perception of the risks associated with marijuana use among adolescents.

Chapter two, which is co-authored with Jorgen Hansen, analyzes transitions into marijuana consumption jointly with grade transitions using data from the NLSY97. We allow for correlated unobserved heterogeneity that impacts both transitions within a discrete-time hazard framework. We estimate the impacts at different grade levels and find that they vary significantly. Average marginal effects indicate that using marijuana reduces next year's grade transition by 9.6 percentage points in high school and 2.3 percentage points while in college. Adverse effects are more severe for male youth and students from disadvantaged family backgrounds.

The third chapter of my thesis, co-authored with Jorgen Hansen, analyzes persistence in marijuana consumption based on data from the NLSY97. We allow for three sources of persistence: pure state dependence (or addition), time-invariant unobserved heterogeneity, and persistent, idiosyncratic, time-varying shocks. We estimate a dynamic ordered Probit model using simulated Maximum Likelihood utilizing the intensity of consumption based on the number of days consumed per month. The results demonstrate a causal effect of previous use. In addition, the state dependence is significantly exaggerated when unobserved heterogeneity and serially correlated shocks are ignored.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Economics
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Date:20 July 2022
Thesis Supervisor(s):Hansen, Jorgen
Keywords:Marijuana use; school-based drug prevention programs, reported risk perception, family background; peers who use marijuana; education; grade transitions; discrete-time hazard; unobserved heterogeneity; persistence; state dependence; dynamic ordered probit; simulation; NLSY; NSDUH, pseudo-panel data
ID Code:991384
Deposited On:21 Jun 2023 14:25
Last Modified:21 Jun 2023 14:25


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